Perltidy Change Log
  2014 07 11
      - Fixed RT #94902: abbreviation parsing in .perltidyrc files was not
        working for multi-line abbreviations.  Thanks to Eric Fung for 
        supplying a patch. 
      - Fixed RT #95708, misparsing of a hash when the first key was a perl
        keyword, causing a semicolon to be incorrectly added.

      - Fixed RT #94338 for-loop in a parenthesized block-map.  A code block within
        parentheses of a map, sort, or grep function was being mistokenized.  In 
        rare cases this could produce in an incorrect error message.  The fix will
        produce some minor formatting changes.  Thanks to Daniel Trizen 
        discovering and documenting this.

      - Fixed RT #94354, excess indentation for stacked tokens.  Thanks to 
        Colin Williams for supplying a patch.

      - Added support for experimental postfix dereferencing notation introduced in
        perl 5.20. RT #96021.

      - Updated documentation to clarify the behavior of the -io flag
        in response to RT #95709.  You can add -noll or -l=0 to prevent 
        long comments from being outdented when -io is used.

      - Added a check to prevent a problem reported in RT #81866, where large
        scripts which had been compressed to a single line could not be formatted
        because of a check for VERSION for MakeMaker. The workaround was to 
        use -nvpl, but this shouldn't be necessary now.

      - Fixed RT #96101; Closing brace of anonymous sub in a list was being
        indented.  For example, the closing brace of the anonymous sub below 
        will now be lined up with the word 'callback'.  This problem 
        occured if there was no comma after the closing brace of the anonymous sub.  
        This update may cause minor changes to formatting of code with lists 
        of anonymous subs, especially TK code.
        # OLD
        my @menu_items = (

                path     => '/_Operate/Transcode and split',
                callback => sub {
                    return 1 if not $self->project_opened;
                    $self->comp('project')->transcode( split => 1 );

        # NEW
        my @menu_items = (

                path     => '/_Operate/Transcode and split',
                callback => sub {
                    return 1 if not $self->project_opened;
                    $self->comp('project')->transcode( split => 1 );

  2014 03 28
      - Fixed RT #94190 and debian Bug #742004: perltidy.LOG file left behind.
        Thanks to George Hartzell for debugging this.  The problem was
        caused by the memoization speedup patch in version 20121207.  An
        unwanted flag was being set which caused a LOG to be written if 
        perltidy was called multiple times.

      - New default behavior for LOG files: If the source is from an array or 
        string (through a call to the perltidy module) then a LOG output is only
        possible if a logfile stream is specified.  This is to prevent 
        unexpected perltidy.LOG files. 

      - Fixed debian Bug #740670, insecure temporary file usage.  File::Temp is now
        used to get a temporary file.  Thanks to Don Anderson for a patch.
      - Any -b (--backup-and-modify-in-place) flag is silently ignored when a 
        source stream, destination stream, or standard output is used.  
        This is because the -b flag may have been in a .perltidyrc file and 
        warnings break Test::NoWarnings.  Thanks to Marijn Brand.

  2013 09 22
      - Fixed RT #88020. --converge was not working with wide characters.

      - Fixed RT #78156. package NAMESPACE VERSION syntax not accepted.

      - First attempt to fix RT #88588.  INDEX END tag change in pod2html breaks 
        perltidy -html. I put in a patch which should work but I don't yet have
        a way of testing it.

  2013 08 06
      - Fixed RT #87107, spelling

  2013 08 05
      - Fixed RT #87502, incorrect of parsing of smartmatch before hash brace
      - Added feature request RT #87330, trim whitespace after POD.
        The flag -trp (--trim-pod) will trim trailing whitespace from lines of POD

  2013 07 17
      - Fixed RT #86929, #86930, missing lhs of assignment.

      - Fixed RT #84922, moved pod from into Tidy.pod

  2012 12 07
     - The flag -cab=n or --comma-arrow-breakpoints=n has been generalized
       to give better control over breaking open short containers.  The
       possible values are now:

         n=0 break at all commas after =>  
         n=1 stable: break at all commas after => if container is open,
             EXCEPT FOR one-line containers
         n=2 break at all commas after =>, BUT try to form the maximum
             maximum one-line container lengths
         n=3 do not treat commas after => specially at all 
         n=4 break everything: like n=0 but also break a short container with
             a => not followed by a comma
         n=5 stable: like n=1 but ALSO break at open one-line containers (default)

       New values n=4 and n=5 have been added to allow short blocks to be
       broken open.  The new default is n=5, stable.  It should more closely
       follow the breaks in the input file, and previously formatted code
       should remain unchanged.  If this causes problems use -cab=1 to recover 
       the former behavior.  Thanks to Tony Maszeroski for the suggestion.

       To illustrate the need for the new options, if perltidy is given
       the following code, then the old default (-cab=1) was to close up 
       the 'index' container even if it was open in the source.  The new 
       default (-cab=5) will keep it open if it was open in the source.

        our $fancypkg = {
            'ALL' => {
                'index' => {
                    'key' => 'value',
                'alpine' => {
                    'one'   => '+',
                    'two'   => '+',
                    'three' => '+',

     - New debug flag --memoize (-mem).  This version contains a 
       patch supplied by Jonathan Swartz which can significantly speed up
       repeated calls to Perl::Tidy::perltidy in a single process by caching
       the result of parsing the formatting parameters.  A factor of up to 10
       speedup was achieved for masontidy (
       The memoization patch is on by default but can be deactivated for 
       testing with -nmem (or --no-memoize).

     - New flag -tso (--tight-secret-operators) causes certain perl operator
       sequences (secret operators) to be formatted "tightly" (without spaces).  
       The most common of these are 0 +  and + 0 which become 0+ and +0.  The
       operators currently modified by this flag are: 
            =( )=  0+  +0  ()x!! ~~<>  ,=>
       Suggested by by Philippe Bruhat. See
       This flag is off by default.
     - New flag -vmll (--variable-maximum-line-length) makes the maximum
       line length increase with the nesting depth of a line of code.  
       Basically, it causes the length of leading whitespace to be ignored when
       setting line breaks, so the formatting of a block of code is independent
       of its nesting depth.  Try this option if you have deeply nested 
       code or data structures, perhaps in conjunction with the -wc flag
       described next.  The default is not todo this.
     - New flag -wc=n (--whitespace-cycle=n) also addresses problems with
       very deeply nested code and data structures.  When this parameter is
       used and the nesting depth exceeds the value n, the leading whitespace 
       will be reduced and start at 1 again.  The result is that deeply
       nested blocks of code will shift back to the left. This occurs cyclically 
       to any nesting depth.  This flag may be used either with or without -vmll.
       The default is not to use this (-wc=0).

     - Fixed RT #78764, error parsing smartmatch operator followed by anonymous
       hash or array and then a ternary operator; two examples:

        qr/3/ ~~ ['1234'] ? 1 : 0;
        map { $_ ~~ [ '0', '1' ] ? 'x' : 'o' } @a;

     - Fixed problem with specifying spaces around arrows using -wls='->'
       and -wrs='->'.  Thanks to Alain Valleton for documenting this problem. 

     - Implemented RT #53183, wishlist, lines of code with the same indentation
       level which are contained with multiple stacked opening and closing tokens
       (requested with flags -sot -sct) now have reduced indentation.  

        # Default
                to      => $addr,
                subject => $subject,
                msg     => $body

        # OLD: perltidy -sot -sct 
        $sender->MailMsg( {
                to      => $addr,
                subject => $subject,
                msg     => $body
        } );

        # NEW: perltidy -sot -sct 
        $sender->MailMsg( {
            to      => $addr,
            subject => $subject,
            msg     => $body
        } );

     - New flag -act=n (--all-containers-tightness=n) is an abbreviation for
       -pt=n -sbt=n -bt=n -bbt=n, where n=0,1, or 2.  It simplifies input when all
       containers have the same tightness. Using the same example:

        # NEW: perltidy -sot -sct -act=2
            to      => $addr,
            subject => $subject,
            msg     => $body

     - New flag -sac (--stack-all-containers) is an abbreviation for -sot -sct
       This is part of wishlist item RT #53183. Using the same example again:

        # NEW: perltidy -sac -act=2
            to      => $addr,
            subject => $subject,
            msg     => $body

      - new flag -scbb (--stack-closing-block-brace) causes isolated closing 
        block braces to stack as in the following example. (Wishlist item RT#73788)

        for $w1 (@w1) {
            for $w2 (@w2) {
                for $w3 (@w3) {
                    for $w4 (@w4) {
                        push( @lines, "$w1 $w2 $w3 $w4\n" );

        perltidy -scbb:
        for $w1 (@w1) {
            for $w2 (@w2) {
                for $w3 (@w3) {
                    for $w4 (@w4) {
                        push( @lines, "$w1 $w2 $w3 $w4\n" );
                    } } } }

       There is, at present, no flag to place these closing braces at the end
       of the previous line. It seems difficult to develop good rules for 
       doing this for a wide variety of code and data structures.

     - Parameters defining block types may use a wildcard '*' to indicate
       all block types.  Previously it was not possible to include bare blocks.
     - A flag -sobb (--stack-opening-block-brace) has been introduced as an
       alias for -bbvt=2 -bbvtl='*'.  So for example the following test code:

       {{{{{{{ $testing }}}}}}}

       cannot be formatted as above but can at least be kept vertically compact 
       using perltidy -sobb -scbb

       {   {   {   {   {   {   {   $testing
                               } } } } } } }

       Or even, perltidy -sobb -scbb -i=1 -bbt=2

     - Error message improved for conflicts due to -pbp; thanks to Djun Kim.
     - Fixed RT #80645, error parsing special array name '@$' when used as 
       @{$} or $#{$}
     - Eliminated the -chk debug flag which was included in version 20010406 to
       do a one-time check for a bug with multi-line quotes.  It has not been
       needed since then.

     - Numerous other minor formatting improvements.

  2012 07 14
     - Added flag -iscl (--ignore-side-comment-lengths) which causes perltidy 
       to ignore the length of side comments when setting line breaks, 
       RT #71848.  The default is to include the length of side comments when
       breaking lines to stay within the length prescribed by the -l=n
       maximum line length parameter.  For example,

         Default behavior on a single line with long side comment:
            $vmsfile =~ s/;[\d\-]*$//
              ;    # Clip off version number; we can use a newer version as well
         perltidy -iscl leaves the line intact:

            $vmsfile =~ s/;[\d\-]*$//; # Clip off version number; we can use a newer version as well

     - Fixed RT #78182, side effects with STDERR.  Error handling has been
       revised and the documentation has been updated.  STDERR can now be 
       redirected to a string reference, and perltidy now returns an 
       error flag instead of calling die when input errors are detected. 
       If the error flag is set then no tidied output was produced.
       See man Perl::Tidy for an example.

     - Fixed RT #78156, erroneous warning message for package VERSION syntax.

     - Added abbreviations -conv (--converge) to simplify iteration control.
       -conv is equivalent to -it=4 and will insure that the tidied code is
       converged to its final state with the minimum number of iterations.

     - Minor formatting modifications have been made to insure convergence.

     - Simplified and hopefully improved the method for guessing the starting 
       indentation level of entabbed code.  Added flag -dt=n (--default_tabsize=n) 
       which might be helpful if the guessing method does not work well for
       some editors.

     - Added support for stacked labels, upper case X/B in hex and binary, and
       CORE:: namespace.

     - Eliminated warning messages for using keyword names as constants.

  2012 07 01
     - Corrected problem introduced by using a chomp on scalar references, RT #77978

     - Added support for Perl 5.14 package block syntax, RT #78114.

     - A convergence test is made if three or more iterations are requested with
       the -it=n parameter to avoid wasting computer time.  Several hundred Mb of
       code gleaned from the internet were searched with the results that: 
        - It is unusual for two iterations to be required unless a major 
          style change is being made. 
        - Only one case has been found where three iterations were required.  
        - No cases requiring four iterations have been found with this version.
       For the previous version several cases where found the results could
       oscillate between two semi-stable states. This version corrects this.

       So if it is important that the code be converged it is okay to set -it=4
       with this version and it will probably stop after the second iteration.

     - Improved ability to identify and retain good line break points in the
       input stream, such as at commas and equals. You can always tell 
       perltidy to ignore old breakpoints with -iob.  

     - Fixed glitch in which a terminal closing hash brace followed by semicolon
       was not outdented back to the leading line depth like other closing
       tokens.  Thanks to Keith Neargarder for noting this.

            my ( $pre, $post ) = @{
                    "pp_anonlist" => [ "[", "]" ],
                    "pp_anonhash" => [ "{", "}" ]
                }->{ $kid->ppaddr }
              };   # terminal brace

            my ( $pre, $post ) = @{
                    "pp_anonlist" => [ "[", "]" ],
                    "pp_anonhash" => [ "{", "}" ]
                }->{ $kid->ppaddr }
            };    # terminal brace

     - Removed extra indentation given to trailing 'if' and 'unless' clauses 
       without parentheses because this occasionally produced undesirable 
       results.  This only applies where parens are not used after the if or

            return undef
              unless my ( $who, $actions ) =
                  $clause =~ /^($who_re)((?:$action_re)+)$/o; 
            return undef
              unless my ( $who, $actions ) =
              $clause =~ /^($who_re)((?:$action_re)+)$/o;

  2012 06 19
     - Updated perltidy to handle all quote modifiers defined for perl 5 version 16.

     - Side comment text in perltidyrc configuration files must now begin with
       at least one space before the #.  Thus:

         -l=78 # Max line width is 78 cols
         -l=78# Max line width is 78 cols

       This is probably true of almost all existing perltidyrc files, 
       but if you get an error message about bad parameters
       involving a '#' the first time you run this version, please check the side
       comments in your perltidyrc file, and add a space before the # if necessary.
       You can quickly see the contents your perltidyrc file, if any, with the

         perltidy -dpro

       The reason for this change is that some parameters naturally involve
       the # symbol, and this can get interpreted as a side comment unless the
       parameter is quoted.  For example, to define -sphb=# it used to be necessary
       to write
       to keep the # from becoming part of a comment.  This was causing 
       trouble for new users.  Now it can also be written without quotes: 

     - Fixed bug in processing some .perltidyrc files containing parameters with
       an opening brace character, '{'.  For example the following was
       incorrectly processed:
       Thanks to pdagosto.

     - Added flag -boa (--break-at-old-attribute-breakpoints) which retains
       any existing line breaks at attribute separation ':'. This is now the
       default, use -nboa to deactivate.  Thanks to Daphne Phister for the patch.  
       For example, given the following code, the line breaks at the ':'s will be
                        my @field
                          : field
                          : Default(1)
                          : Get('Name' => 'foo') : Set('Name');

       whereas the previous version would have output a single line.  If
       the attributes are on a single line then they will remain on a single line.
     - Added new flags --blank-lines-before-subs=n (-blbs=n) and
       --blank-lines-before-packages=n (-blbp=n) to put n blank lines before
       subs and packages.  The old flag -bbs is now equivalent to -blbs=1 -blbp=1.
       and -nbbs is equivalent to -blbs=0 -blbp=0. Requested by M. Schwern and
       several others.

     - Added feature -nsak='*' meaning no space between any keyword and opening 
       paren.  This avoids listing entering a long list of keywords.  Requested
       by M. Schwern.

     - Added option to delete a backup of original file with in-place-modify (-b)
       if there were no errors.  This can be requested with the flag -bext='/'.  
       See documentation for details.  Requested by M. Schwern and others.

     - Fixed bug where the module postfilter parameter was not applied when -b 
       flag was used.  This was discovered during testing.

     - Fixed in-place-modify (-b) to work with symbolic links to source files.
       Thanks to Ted Johnson.

     - Fixed bug where the Perl::Tidy module did not allow -b to be used 
       in some cases.

     - No extra blank line is added before a comment which follows
       a short line ending in an opening token, for example like this:
                if (

                    # unless we follow a blank or comment line
                    $last_line_leading_type !~ /^[#b]$/

                if (
                    # unless we follow a blank or comment line
                    $last_line_leading_type !~ /^[#b]$/

        The blank is not needed for readability in these cases because there
        already is already space above the comment.  If a blank already 
        exists there it will not be removed, so this change should not 
        change code which has previously been formatted with perltidy. 
        Thanks to R.W.Stauner.

     - Likewise, no extra blank line is added above a comment consisting of a
       single #, since nothing is gained in readability.

     - Fixed error in which a blank line was removed after a #>>> directive. 
       Thanks to Ricky Morse.

     - Unnecessary semicolons after given/when/default blocks are now removed.

     - Fixed bug where an unwanted blank line could be added before
       pod text in __DATA__ or __END__ section.  Thanks to jidani.

     - Changed exit flags from 1 to 0 to indicate success for -help, -version, 
       and all -dump commands.  Also added -? as another way to dump the help.
       Requested by Keith Neargarder.

     - Fixed bug where .ERR and .LOG files were not written except for -it=2 or more

     - Fixed bug where trailing blank lines at the end of a file were dropped when

     - Fixed bug where a line occasionally ended with an extra space. This reduces
       rhe number of instances where a second iteration gives a result different
       from the first. 

     - Updated documentation to note that the module <stderr> parameter may
       not be a reference to SCALAR or ARRAY; it must be a file.
     - Syntax check with perl now work when the module is processing
       references to arrays and strings.  Thanks to Charles Alderman.

     - Zero-length files are no longer processed due to concerns for data loss
       due to side effects in some scenarios.

     - block labels, if any, are now included in closing side comment text
       when the -csc flag is used.  Suggested by Aaron.  For example, 
       the label L102 in the following block is now included in the -csc text:

          L102: for my $i ( 1 .. 10 ) {
          } ## end L102: for my $i ( 1 .. 10 )

  2010 12 17
     - added new flag -it=n or --iterations=n
       This flag causes perltidy to do n complete iterations.  
       For most purposes the default of n=1 should be satisfactory.  However n=2
       can be useful when a major style change is being made, or when code is being
       beautified on check-in to a source code control system.  The run time will be
       approximately proportional to n, and it should seldom be necessary to use a
       value greater than n=2.  Thanks to Jonathan Swartz

     - A configuration file pathname begins with three dots, e.g.
       ".../.perltidyrc", indicates that the file should be searched for starting
       in the current directory and working upwards. This makes it easier to have
       multiple projects each with their own .perltidyrc in their root directories.
       Thanks to Jonathan Swartz for this patch.

     - Added flag --notidy which disables all formatting and causes the input to be
       copied unchanged.  This can be useful in conjunction with hierarchical
       F<.perltidyrc> files to prevent unwanted tidying.
       Thanks to Jonathan Swartz for this patch.

     - Added prefilters and postfilters in the call to the module.
       Prefilters and postfilters. The prefilter is a code reference that 
       will be applied to the source before tidying, and the postfilter 
       is a code reference to the result before outputting.  

       Thanks to Jonathan Swartz for this patch.  He writes:
       This is useful for all manner of customizations. For example, I use
       it to convert the 'method' keyword to 'sub' so that perltidy will work for
       Method::Signature::Simple code:

          prefilter => sub { $_ = $_[0]; s/^method (.*)/sub $1 \#__METHOD/gm; return $_ },
          postfilter => sub { $_ = $_[0]; s/^sub (.*?)\s* \#__METHOD/method $1/gm; return $_ }

     - The starting indentation level of sections of code entabbed with -et=n
       is correctly guessed if it was also produced with the same -et=n flag.  This
       keeps the indentation stable on repeated formatting passes within an editor.
       Thanks to Sam Kington and Glenn.

     - Functions with prototype '&' had a space between the function and opening
       peren.  This space now only occurs if the flag --space-function-paren (-sfp)
       is set.  Thanks to Zrajm Akfohg.

     - Patch to never put spaces around a bare word in braces beginning with ^ as in:
         my $before = ${^PREMATCH};
       even if requested with the -bt=0 flag because any spaces cause a syntax error in perl.
       Thanks to Fabrice Dulanoy.

  2009 06 16
     - Allow configuration file to be 'perltidy.ini' for Windows systems.
       i.e. C:\Documents and Settings\User\perltidy.ini
       and added documentation for setting configuation file under Windows in man
       page.  Thanks to Stuart Clark.

     - Corrected problem of unwanted semicolons in hash ref within given/when code.
      Thanks to Nelo Onyiah.

     - added new flag -cscb or --closing-side-comments-balanced
      When using closing-side-comments, and the closing-side-comment-maximum-text
      limit is exceeded, then the comment text must be truncated.  Previous
      versions of perltidy terminate with three dots, and this can still be
      achieved with -ncscb:
       perltidy -csc -ncscb

       } ## end foreach my $foo (sort { $b cmp $a ...
      However this causes a problem with older editors which cannot recognize
      comments or are not configured to doso because they cannot "bounce" around in
      the text correctly.  The B<-cscb> flag tries to help them by 
      appending appropriate terminal balancing structure:
       perltidy -csc -cscb

       } ## end foreach my $foo (sort { $b cmp $a ... })
      Since there is much to be gained and little to be lost by doing this,
      the default is B<-cscb>.  Use B<-ncscb> if you do not want this.

      Thanks to Daniel Becker for suggesting this option.

     - After an isolated closing eval block the continuation indentation will be
       removed so that the braces line up more like other blocks.  Thanks to Yves Orton.

        eval {
            1;    # return true
          or do {
            #handle error

        eval {
            1;    # return true
        } or do {
            #handle error

     -A new flag -asbl (or --opening-anonymous-sub-brace-on-new-line) has
      been added to put the opening brace of anonymous sub's on a new line,
      as in the following snippet:

        my $code = sub
            my $arg = shift;
            return $arg->(@_);

      This was not possible before because the -sbl flag only applies to named
      subs. Thanks to Benjamin Krupp.

     -Fix tokenization bug with the following snippet
       print 'hi' if { x => 1, }->{x};
      which resulted in a semicolon being added after the comma.  The workaround
      was to use -nasc, but this is no longer necessary.  Thanks to Brian Duggan. 

     -Fixed problem in which an incorrect error message could be triggered
     by the (unusual) combination of parameters  -lp -i=0 -l=2 -ci=0 for
     example.  Thanks to Richard Jelinek.

     -A new flag --keep-old-blank-lines=n has been added to
     give more control over the treatment of old blank lines in
     a script.  The manual has been revised to discuss the new
     flag and clarify the treatment of old blank lines.  Thanks
     to Oliver Schaefer.

  2007 12 05
     -Improved support for perl 5.10: New quote modifier 'p', new block type UNITCHECK, 
     new keyword break, improved formatting of given/when.

     -Corrected tokenization bug of something like $var{-q}.

     -Numerous minor formatting improvements.

     -Corrected list of operators controlled by -baao -bbao to include
       . : ? && || and or err xor

     -Corrected very minor error in log file involving incorrect comment
     regarding need for upper case of labels.  

     -Fixed problem where perltidy could run for a very long time
     when given certain non-perl text files.

     -Line breaks in un-parenthesized lists now try to follow
     line breaks in the input file rather than trying to fill
     lines.  This usually works better, but if this causes
     trouble you can use -iob to ignore any old line breaks.
     Example for the following input snippet:

        "conformability (Not the same dimension)\n",
        "\t", $have, " is ", text_unit($hu), "\n",
        "\t", $want, " is ", text_unit($wu), "\n",

        print "conformability (Not the same dimension)\n", "\t", $have, " is ",
          text_unit($hu), "\n", "\t", $want, " is ", text_unit($wu), "\n",;

        print "conformability (Not the same dimension)\n",
          "\t", $have, " is ", text_unit($hu), "\n",
          "\t", $want, " is ", text_unit($wu), "\n",

  2007 08 01
     -Added -fpsc option (--fixed-position-side-comment). Thanks to Ueli Hugenschmidt. 
     For example -fpsc=40 tells perltidy to put side comments in column 40
     if possible.  

     -Added -bbao and -baao options (--break-before-all-operators and
     --break-after-all-operators) to simplify command lines and configuration
     files.  These define an initial preference for breaking at operators which can
     be modified with -wba and -wbb flags.  For example to break before all operators
     except an = one could use --bbao -wba='=' rather than listing every
     single perl operator (except =) on a -wbb flag.

     -Added -kis option (--keep-interior-semicolons).  Use the B<-kis> flag
     to prevent breaking at a semicolon if there was no break there in the
     input file.  To illustrate, consider the following input lines:

        dbmclose(%verb_delim); undef %verb_delim;
        dbmclose(%expanded); undef %expanded;
        dbmclose(%global); undef %global;

     Normally these would be broken into six lines, but 
     perltidy -kis gives:

        dbmclose(%verb_delim); undef %verb_delim;
        dbmclose(%expanded);   undef %expanded;
        dbmclose(%global);     undef %global;
     -Improved formatting of complex ternary statements, with indentation
     of nested statements.  
        return defined( $cw->{Selected} )
          ? (wantarray)
          ? @{ $cw->{Selected} }
          : $cw->{Selected}[0]
          : undef;

        return defined( $cw->{Selected} )
          ? (wantarray)
              ? @{ $cw->{Selected} }
              : $cw->{Selected}[0]
          : undef;

     -Text following un-parenthesized if/unless/while/until statements get a
     full level of indentation.  Suggested by Jeff Armstorng and others. 
        return $ship->chargeWeapons("phaser-canon")
          if $encounter->description eq 'klingon'
          and $ship->firepower >= $encounter->firepower
          and $location->status ne 'neutral';
        return $ship->chargeWeapons("phaser-canon")
          if $encounter->description eq 'klingon'
              and $ship->firepower >= $encounter->firepower
              and $location->status ne 'neutral';

  2007 05 08
     -Fixed bug where #line directives were being indented.  Thanks to
     Philippe Bruhat.

  2007 05 04
     -Fixed problem where an extra blank line was added after an =cut when either
     (a) the =cut started (not stopped) a POD section, or (b) -mbl > 1. 
     Thanks to J. Robert Ray and Bill Moseley.

  2007 04 24
     -ole (--output-line-ending) and -ple (--preserve-line-endings) should
     now work on all systems rather than just unix systems. Thanks to Dan

     -Fixed problem of a warning issued for multiple subs for BEGIN subs
     and other control subs. Thanks to Heiko Eissfeldt.
     -Fixed problem where no space was introduced between a keyword or
     bareword and a colon, such as:

     ( ref($result) eq 'HASH' && !%$result ) ? undef: $result;

     Thanks to Niek.

     -Added a utility program '' to the examples directory of
     the distribution.  It breaks long quoted strings into a chain of concatenated
     sub strings no longer than a selected length.  Suggested by Michael Renner as
     a perltidy feature but was judged to be best done in a separate program.

     -Updated docs to remove extra < and >= from list of tokens 
     after which breaks are made by default.  Thanks to Bob Kleemann.

     -Removed improper uses of $_ to avoid conflicts with external calls, giving
     error message similar to:
        Modification of a read-only value attempted at 
        /usr/share/perl5/Perl/ line 6907.
     Thanks to Michael Renner.

     -Fixed problem when errorfile was not a plain filename or filehandle
     in a call to  The call
     perltidy(source => \$input, destination => \$output, errorfile => \$err);
     gave the following error message:
      Not a GLOB reference at /usr/share/perl5/Perl/ line 3827.
     Thanks to Michael Renner and Phillipe Bruhat.

     -Fixed problem where -sot would not stack an opening token followed by
     a side comment.  Thanks to Jens Schicke.

     -improved breakpoints in complex math and other long statements. Example:
          log($n) + 0.577215664901532 + ( 1 / ( 2 * $n ) ) -
          ( 1 / ( 12 * ( $n**2 ) ) ) + ( 1 / ( 120 * ( $n**4 ) ) );
          log($n) + 0.577215664901532 +
          ( 1 / ( 2 * $n ) ) -
          ( 1 / ( 12 * ( $n**2 ) ) ) +
          ( 1 / ( 120 * ( $n**4 ) ) );

     -more robust vertical alignment of complex terminal else blocks and ternary

  2006 07 19
     -Eliminated bug where a here-doc invoked through an 'e' modifier on a pattern
     replacement text was not recognized.  The tokenizer now recursively scans
     replacement text (but does not reformat it).

     -improved vertical alignment of terminal else blocks and ternary statements.
      Thanks to Chris for the suggestion. 

        if    ( IsBitmap() ) { return GetBitmap(); }
        elsif ( IsFiles() )  { return GetFiles(); }
        else { return GetText(); }

        if    ( IsBitmap() ) { return GetBitmap(); }
        elsif ( IsFiles() )  { return GetFiles(); }
        else                 { return GetText(); }

        $which_search =
            $opts{"t"} ? 'title'
          : $opts{"s"} ? 'subject'
          : $opts{"a"} ? 'author'
          : 'title';

        $which_search =
            $opts{"t"} ? 'title'
          : $opts{"s"} ? 'subject'
          : $opts{"a"} ? 'author'
          :              'title';

     -improved indentation of try/catch blocks and other externally defined
     functions accepting a block argument.  Thanks to jae.

     -Added support for Perl 5.10 features say and smartmatch.

     -Added flag -pbp (--perl-best-practices) as an abbreviation for parameters
     suggested in Damian Conway's "Perl Best Practices".  -pbp is the same as:

        -l=78 -i=4 -ci=4 -st -se -vt=2 -cti=0 -pt=1 -bt=1 -sbt=1 -bbt=1 -nsfs -nolq
        -wbb="% + - * / x != == >= <= =~ !~ < > | & >= < = 
              **= += *= &= <<= &&= -= /= |= >>= ||= .= %= ^= x="

      Please note that the -st here restricts input to standard input; use
      -nst if necessary to override.

     -Eliminated some needless breaks at equals signs in -lp indentation.

            $c =
              Math::Complex->make(LEFT + $x * (RIGHT - LEFT) / SIZE,
                                  TOP + $y * (BOTTOM - TOP) / SIZE);
            $c = Math::Complex->make(LEFT + $x * (RIGHT - LEFT) / SIZE,
                                     TOP + $y * (BOTTOM - TOP) / SIZE);

     A break at an equals is sometimes useful for preventing complex statements 
     from hitting the line length limit.  The decision to do this was 
     over-eager in some cases and has been improved.  Thanks to Royce Reece.

     -qw quotes contained in braces, square brackets, and parens are being
     treated more like those containers as far as stacking of tokens.  Also
     stack of closing tokens ending ');' will outdent to where the ');' would
     have outdented if the closing stack is matched with a similar opening stack.

      OLD: perltidy -soc -sct
      NEW: perltidy -soc -sct
        __PACKAGE__->load_components( qw(
        ) );
      Thanks to Aran Deltac

     -Eliminated some undesirable or marginally desirable vertical alignments.
     These include terminal colons, opening braces, and equals, and particularly
     when just two lines would be aligned.

        my $accurate_timestamps = $Stamps{lnk};
        my $has_link            = 
        my $accurate_timestamps = $Stamps{lnk};
        my $has_link =

     -Corrected a problem with -mangle in which a space would be removed
     between a keyword and variable beginning with ::.

  2006 06 14
     -Attribute argument lists are now correctly treated as quoted strings
     and not formatted.  This is the most important update in this version.
     Thanks to Borris Zentner, Greg Ferguson, Steve Kirkup.

     -Updated to recognize the defined or operator, //, to be released in Perl 10.
     Thanks to Sebastien Aperghis-Tramoni.

     -A useful utility is included in the examples section.  It
     will read any perltidyrc file and write it back out in a standard format
     (though comments are lost).

     -Added option to have perltidy read and return a hash with the contents of a
     perltidyrc file.  This may be used by Leif Eriksen's tidyview code.  This
     feature is used by the demonstration program '' in the
     examples directory.

     -Improved error checking in perltidyrc files.  Unknown bare words were not
     being caught.

     -The --dump-options parameter now dumps parameters in the format required by a
     perltidyrc file.

     -V-Strings with underscores are now recognized.
     For example: $v = v1.2_3; 

     -cti=3 option added which gives one extra indentation level to closing 
     tokens always.  This provides more predictable closing token placement
     than cti=2.  If you are using cti=2 you might want to try cti=3.

     -To identify all left-adjusted comments as static block comments, use C<-sbcp='^#'>.

     -New parameters -fs, -fsb, -fse added to allow sections of code between #<<<
     and #>>> to be passed through verbatim. This is enabled by default and turned
     off by -nfs.  Flags -fsb and -fse allow other beginning and ending markers.
     Thanks to Wolfgang Werner and Marion Berryman for suggesting this.  

     -added flag -skp to put a space between all Perl keywords and following paren.
     The default is to only do this for certain keywords.  Suggested by
     H.Merijn Brand.

     -added flag -sfp to put a space between a function name and following paren.
     The default is not to do this.  Suggested by H.Merijn Brand.

     -Added patch to avoid breaking GetOpt::Long::Configure set by calling program. 
     Thanks to Philippe Bruhat.

     -An error was fixed in which certain parameters in a .perltidyrc file given
     without the equals sign were not recognized.  That is,
     '--brace-tightness 0' gave an error but '--brace-tightness=0' worked
     ok.  Thanks to Zac Hansen.

     -An error preventing the -nwrs flag from working was corrected. Thanks to
      Greg Ferguson.

     -Corrected some alignment problems with entab option.

     -A bug with the combination of -lp and -extrude was fixed (though this
     combination doesn't really make sense).  The bug was that a line with
     a single zero would be dropped.  Thanks to Cameron Hayne.

     -Updated Windows detection code to avoid an undefined variable.
     Thanks to Joe Yates and Russ Jones.

     -Improved formatting for short trailing statements following a closing paren.
     Thanks to Joe Matarazzo.

     -The handling of the -icb (indent closing block braces) flag has been changed
     slightly to provide more consistent and predictable formatting of complex
     structures.  Instead of giving a closing block brace the indentation of the
     previous line, it is now given one extra indentation level.  The two methods
     give the same result if the previous line was a complete statement, as in this

            if ($task) {
                }    # -icb
            else {
     The change also fixes a problem with empty blocks such as:

        OLD, -icb:
        elsif ($debug) {

        NEW, -icb:
        elsif ($debug) {

     -A problem with -icb was fixed in which a closing brace was misplaced when
     it followed a quote which spanned multiple lines.

     -Some improved breakpoints for -wba='&& || and or'

     -Fixed problem with misaligned cuddled else in complex statements
     when the -bar flag was also used.  Thanks to Alex and Royce Reese.

     -Corrected documentation to show that --outdent-long-comments is the default.
     Thanks to Mario Lia.

     -New flag -otr (opening-token-right) is similar to -bar (braces-always-right)
     but applies to non-structural opening tokens.

     -new flags -sot (stack-opening-token), -sct (stack-closing-token).
     Suggested by Tony.

  2003 10 21
     -The default has been changed to not do syntax checking with perl.  
       Use -syn if you want it.  Perltidy is very robust now, and the -syn
       flag now causes more problems than it's worth because of BEGIN blocks
       (which get executed with perl -c).  For example, perltidy will never
       return when trying to beautify this code if -syn is used:

            BEGIN { 1 while { }; }

      Although this is an obvious error, perltidy is often run on untested
      code which is more likely to have this sort of problem.  A more subtle
      example is:

            BEGIN { use FindBin; }

      which may hang on some systems using -syn if a shared file system is

     -Changed style -gnu to use -cti=1 instead of -cti=2 (see next item).
      In most cases it looks better.  To recover the previous format, use
      '-gnu -cti=2'

     -Added flags -cti=n for finer control of closing token indentation.
       -cti = 0 no extra indentation (default; same as -nicp)
       -cti = 1 enough indentation so that the closing token
            aligns with its opening token.
       -cti = 2 one extra indentation level if the line has the form 
              );   ];   or   };     (same as -icp).

       The new option -cti=1 works well with -lp:


        # perltidy -lp -cti=1
        @month_of_year = (
                           'Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun',
                           'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec'

        # perltidy -lp -cti=2
        @month_of_year = (
                           'Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun',
                           'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec'
      This is backwards compatible with -icp. See revised manual for
      details.  Suggested by Mike Pennington.
     -Added flag '--preserve-line-endings' or '-ple' to cause the output
      line ending to be the same as in the input file, for unix, dos, 
      or mac line endings.  Only works under unix. Suggested by 
      Rainer Hochschild.

     -Added flag '--output-line-ending=s' or '-ole=s' where s=dos or win,
      unix, or mac.  Only works under unix.

     -Files with Mac line endings should now be handled properly under unix
      and dos without being passed through a converter.

     -You may now include 'and', 'or', and 'xor' in the list following
      '--want-break-after' to get line breaks after those keywords rather than
      before them.  Suggested by Rainer Hochschild.

     -Corrected problem with command line option for -vtc=n and -vt=n. The
      equals sign was being eaten up by the Windows shell so perltidy didn't
      see it.

  2003 07 26
     -Corrected cause of warning message with recent versions of Perl:
        "Possible precedence problem on bitwise & operator at ..."
      Thanks to Jim Files.

     -fixed bug with -html with '=for pod2html' sections, in which code/pod
     output order was incorrect.  Thanks to Tassilo von Parseval.

     -fixed bug when the -html flag is used, in which the following error
     message, plus others, appear:
         did not see <body> in pod2html output
     This was caused by a change in the format of html output by pod2html
     VERSION 1.04 (included with perl 5.8).  Thanks to Tassilo von Parseval.

     -Fixed bug where an __END__ statement would be mistaken for a label
     if it is immediately followed by a line with a leading colon. Thanks
     to John Bayes.
     -Implemented guessing logic for brace types when it is ambiguous.  This
     has been on the TODO list a long time.  Thanks to Boris Zentner for
     an example.

     -Long options may now be negated either as '--nolong-option' 
     or '--no-long-option'.  Thanks to Philip Newton for the suggestion.

     -added flag --html-entities or -hent which controls the use of
     Html::Entities for html formatting.  Use --nohtml-entities or -nhent to
     prevent the use of Html::Entities to encode special symbols.  The
     default is -hent.  Html::Entities when formatting perl text to escape
     special symbols.  This may or may not be the right thing to do,
     depending on browser/language combinations.  Thanks to Burak Gursoy for
     this suggestion.

     -Bareword strings with leading '-', like, '-foo' now count as 1 token
     for horizontal tightness.  This way $a{'-foo'}, $a{foo}, and $a{-foo}
     are now all treated similarly.  Thus, by default, OLD: $a{ -foo } will
     now be NEW: $a{-foo}.  Suggested by Mark Olesen.

     -added 2 new flags to control spaces between keywords and opening parens:
       -sak=s  or --space-after-keyword=s,  and
       -nsak=s or --nospace-after-keyword=s, where 's' is a list of keywords.

     The new default list of keywords which get a space is:

       "my local our and or eq ne if else elsif until unless while for foreach
         return switch case given when"

     Use -sak=s and -nsak=s to add and remove keywords from this list,

     Explanation: Stephen Hildrey noted that perltidy was being inconsistent
     in placing spaces between keywords and opening parens, and sent a patch
     to give user control over this.  The above list was selected as being
     a reasonable default keyword list.  Previously, perltidy
     had a hardwired list which also included these keywords:

            push pop shift unshift join split die

     but did not have 'our'.  Example: if you prefer to make perltidy behave
     exactly as before, you can include the following two lines in your
     .perltidyrc file: 

       -sak="push pop local shift unshift join split die"

     -Corrected html error in .toc file when -frm -html is used (extra ");
      browsers were tolerant of it.

     -Improved alignment of chains of binary and ?/: operators. Example:
        $leapyear =
          $year % 4     ? 0
          : $year % 100 ? 1
          : $year % 400 ? 0
          : 1;
        $leapyear =
            $year % 4   ? 0
          : $year % 100 ? 1
          : $year % 400 ? 0
          : 1;

     -improved breakpoint choices involving '->'

     -Corrected tokenization of things like ${#} or ${©}. For example,
      ${©} is valid, but ${© } is a syntax error.

     -Corrected minor tokenization errors with indirect object notation.
      For example, 'new A::()' works now.

     -Minor tokenization improvements; all perl code distributed with perl 5.8 
      seems to be parsed correctly except for one instance (lextest.t) 
      of the known bug.

  2002 11 30
     -Implemented scalar attributes.  Thanks to Sean Tobin for noting this.

     -Fixed glitch introduced in previous release where -pre option
     was not outputting a leading html <pre> tag.

     -Numerous minor improvements in vertical alignment, including the following:

     -Improved alignment of opening braces in many cases.  Needed for improved
     switch/case formatting, and also suggested by Mark Olesen for sort/map/grep
     formatting.  For example:

        @modified =
          map { $_->[0] }
          sort { $a->[1] <=> $b->[1] }
          map { [ $_, -M ] } @filenames;

        @modified =
          map  { $_->[0] }
          sort { $a->[1] <=> $b->[1] }
          map  { [ $_, -M ] } @filenames;

     -Eliminated alignments across unrelated statements. Example:
        $borrowerinfo->configure( -state => 'disabled' );
        $borrowerinfo->grid( -col        => 1, -row => 0, -sticky => 'w' );

        $borrowerinfo->configure( -state => 'disabled' );
        $borrowerinfo->grid( -col => 1, -row => 0, -sticky => 'w' );

      Thanks to Mark Olesen for suggesting this.

     -Improved alignement of '='s in certain cases.
      Thanks to Norbert Gruener for sending an example.

     -Outdent-long-comments (-olc) has been re-instated as a default, since
      it works much better now.  Use -nolc if you want to prevent it.

     -Added check for 'perltidy -o', which causes
     to be lost. (The -b option should be used instead). Thanks to mreister
     for reporting this problem.

  2002 11 06
     -Switch/case or given/when syntax is now recognized.  Its vertical alignment
     is not great yet, but it parses ok.  The words 'switch', 'case', 'given',
     and 'when' are now treated as keywords.  If this causes trouble with older
     code, we could introduce a switch to deactivate it.  Thanks to Stan Brown
     and Jochen Schneider for recommending this.

     -Corrected error parsing sub attributes with call parameters.
     Thanks to Marc Kerr for catching this.

     -Sub prototypes no longer need to be on the same line as sub names.  

     -a new flag -frm or --frames will cause html output to be in a
     frame, with table of contents in the left panel and formatted source
     in the right panel.  Try 'perltidy -html -frm' for example.

     -The new default for -html formatting is to pass the pod through Pod::Html.
     The result is syntax colored code within your pod documents. This can be
     deactivated with -npod.  Thanks to those who have written to discuss this,
     particularly Mark Olesen and Hugh Myers.

     -the -olc (--outdent-long-comments) option works much better.  It now outdents
     groups of consecutive comments together, and by just the amount needed to
     avoid having any one line exceeding the maximum line length.

     -block comments are now trimmed of trailing whitespace.

     -if a directory specified with -opath does not exist, it will be created.

     -a table of contents to packages and subs is output when -html is used.
     Use -ntoc to prevent this. 

     -fixed an unusual bug in which a 'for' statement following a 'format'
     statement was not correctly tokenized.  Thanks to Boris Zentner for
     catching this. is no longer dependent on modules IO::Scalar and IO::ScalarArray.  
     There were some speed issues.  Suggested by Joerg Walter.

     -The treatment of quoted wildcards (file globs) is now system-independent. 
     For example

        perltidy 'b*x.p[lm]'

     would match,, under any operating system.  Of
     course, anything unquoted will be subject to expansion by any shell.

     -default color for keywords under -html changed from 
     SaddleBrown (#8B4513) to magenta4 (#8B008B).

     -fixed an arg parsing glitch in which something like:
       perltidy quick-help
     would trigger the help message and exit, rather than operate on the
     file 'quick-help'.

  2002 09 22
     -New option '-b' or '--backup-and-modify-in-place' will cause perltidy to
     overwrite the original file with the tidied output file.  The original
     file will be saved with a '.bak' extension (which can be changed with
     -bext=s).  Thanks to Rudi Farkas for the suggestion.

     -An index to all subs is included at the top of -html output, unless
     only the <pre> section is written.

     -Anchor lines of the form <a name="mysub"></a> are now inserted at key points
     in html output, such as before sub definitions, for the convenience of
     postprocessing scripts.  Suggested by Howard Owen.

     -The cuddled-else (-ce) flag now also makes cuddled continues, like

        while ( ( $pack, $file, $line ) = caller( $i++ ) ) {
           # bla bla
        } continue {
            $prevpack = $pack;

     Suggested by Simon Perreault.  

     -Fixed bug in which an extra blank line was added before an =head or 
     similar pod line after an __END__ or __DATA__ line each time 
     perltidy was run.  Also, an extra blank was being added after
     a terminal =cut.  Thanks to Mike Birdsall for reporting this.

  2002 08 26
     -Fixed bug in which space was inserted in a hyphenated hash key:
        my $val = $myhash{USER-NAME};
      was converted to:
        my $val = $myhash{USER -NAME}; 
      Thanks to an anonymous bug reporter at sourceforge.

     -Fixed problem with the '-io' ('--indent-only') where all lines 
      were double spaced.  Thanks to Nick Andrew for reporting this bug.

     -Fixed tokenization error in which something like '-e1' was 
      parsed as a number. 

     -Corrected a rare problem involving older perl versions, in which 
      a line break before a bareword caused problems with 'use strict'.
      Thanks to Wolfgang Weisselberg for noting this.

     -More syntax error checking added.

     -Outdenting labels (-ola) has been made the default, in order to follow the
      perlstyle guidelines better.  It's probably a good idea in general, but
      if you do not want this, use -nola in your .perltidyrc file.
     -Updated rules for padding logical expressions to include more cases.
      Thanks to Wolfgang Weisselberg for helpful discussions.

     -Added new flag -osbc (--outdent-static-block-comments) which will
      outdent static block comments by 2 spaces (or whatever -ci equals).
      Requested by Jon Robison.

  2002 04 25
     -Corrected a bug, introduced in the previous release, in which some
      closing side comments (-csc) could have incorrect text.  This is
      annoying but will be correct the next time perltidy is run with -csc.

     -Implemented XHTML patch submitted by Ville Skyttä.

     -Fixed bug where whitespace was being removed between 'Bar' and '()' 
      in a use statement like:

           use Foo::Bar ();

      Thanks to Ville Skyttä for reporting this.

     -Whenever possible, if a logical expression is broken with leading
      '&&', '||', 'and', or 'or', then the leading line will be padded
      with additional space to produce alignment.  This has been on the
      todo list for a long time; thanks to Frank Steinhauer for reminding
      me to do it.  Notice the first line after the open parens here:

            OLD: perltidy -lp
            if (
                 && !param("rules.from.$linecount")
                 && !param("rules.subject.$linecount")
                 && !(
                       && param("rules.fieldval.$linecount")
                 && !param("rules.size.$linecount")
                 && !param("rules.custom.$linecount")

            NEW: perltidy -lp
            if (
                 && !param("rules.from.$linecount")
                 && !param("rules.subject.$linecount")
                 && !(
                       && param("rules.fieldval.$linecount")
                 && !param("rules.size.$linecount")
                 && !param("rules.custom.$linecount")

  2002 04 16
     -Corrected a mistokenization of variables for a package with a name
      equal to a perl keyword.  For example: 

         package my;
         sub qx{print "Hello from my::qx\n";}

      In this case, the leading 'my' was mistokenized as a keyword, and a
      space was being place between 'my' and '::'.  This has been
      corrected.  Thanks to Martin Sluka for discovering this. 

     -A new flag -bol (--break-at-old-logic-breakpoints)
      has been added to control whether containers with logical expressions
      should be broken open.  This is the default.

     -A new flag -bok (--break-at-old-keyword-breakpoints)
      has been added to follow breaks at old keywords which return lists,
      such as sort and map.  This is the default.

     -A new flag -bot (--break-at-old-trinary-breakpoints) has been added to
      follow breaks at trinary (conditional) operators.  This is the default.

     -A new flag -cab=n has been added to control breaks at commas after
      '=>' tokens.  The default is n=1, meaning break unless this breaks
      open an existing on-line container.

     -A new flag -boc has been added to allow existing list formatting
      to be retained.  (--break-at-old-comma-breakpoints).  See updated manual.

     -A new flag -iob (--ignore-old-breakpoints) has been added to
      prevent the locations of old breakpoints from influencing the output

     -Corrected problem where nested parentheses were not getting full
      indentation.  This has been on the todo list for some time; thanks 
      to Axel Rose for a snippet demonstrating this issue.

                OLD: inner list is not indented
                      $ret->name,        $user->username, $user->host,
                    $user->server->name, $user->nick,     "H"

                        $ret->name,          $user->username, $user->host,
                        $user->server->name, $user->nick,     "H"

     -Code cleaned up by removing the following unused, undocumented flags.
      They should not be in any .perltidyrc files because they were just
      experimental flags which were never documented.  Most of them placed
      artificial limits on spaces, and Wolfgang Weisselberg convinced me that
      most of them they do more harm than good by causing unexpected results.

      --maximum-continuation-indentation (-mci)
      --maximum-space-to-comment (-xsc)
      --big-space-jump (-bsj)

     -Pod file 'perltidy.pod' has been appended to the script 'perltidy', and
      Tidy.pod has been append to the module ''.  Older MakeMaker's
      were having trouble.
     -A new flag -isbc has been added for more control on comments. This flag
      has the effect that if there is no leading space on the line, then the
      comment will not be indented, and otherwise it may be.  If both -ibc and
      -isbc are set, then -isbc takes priority.  Thanks to Frank Steinhauer
      for suggesting this.

     -A new document 'stylekey.pod' has been created to quickly guide new users
      through the maze of perltidy style parameters.  An html version is 
      on the perltidy web page.  Take a look! It should be very helpful.

     -Parameters for controlling 'vertical tightness' have been added:
      -vt and -vtc are the main controls, but finer control is provided
      with -pvt, -pcvt, -bvt, -bcvt, -sbvt, -sbcvt.  Block brace vertical
      tightness controls have also been added.
      See updated manual and also see 'stylekey.pod'. Simple examples:

        # perltidy -lp -vt=1 -vtc=1
        @month_of_year = ( 'Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun',
                           'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec' );

        # perltidy -lp -vt=1 -vtc=0
        @month_of_year = ( 'Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun',
                           'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec'

     -Lists which do not format well in uniform columns are now better
      identified and formated.

        return $c->create( 'polygon', $x, $y, $x + $ruler_info{'size'},
            $y + $ruler_info{'size'}, $x - $ruler_info{'size'},
            $y + $ruler_info{'size'} );

        return $c->create(
            'polygon', $x, $y,
            $x + $ruler_info{'size'},
            $y + $ruler_info{'size'},
            $x - $ruler_info{'size'},
            $y + $ruler_info{'size'}

          radlablist($f1, pad('Initial', $p), $b->{Init}->get_panel_ref, 'None ',
                     'None', 'Default', 'Default', 'Simple', 'Simple');
                     pad('Initial', $p),
                     'None ', 'None', 'Default', 'Default', 'Simple', 'Simple');

     -Corrected problem where an incorrect html filename was generated for 
      external calls to module.  Fixed incorrect html title when is called with IO::Scalar or IO::Array source.

     -Output file permissons are now set as follows.  An output script file
      gets the same permission as the input file, except that owner
      read/write permission is added (otherwise, perltidy could not be
      rerun).  Html output files use system defaults.  Previously chmod 0755
      was used in all cases.  Thanks to Mark Olesen for bringing this up.

     -Missing semicolons will not be added in multi-line blocks of type
      sort, map, or grep.  This brings perltidy into closer agreement
      with common practice.  Of course, you can still put semicolons 
      there if you like.  Thanks to Simon Perreault for a discussion of this.

     -Most instances of extra semicolons are now deleted.  This is
      particularly important if the -csc option is used.  Thanks to Wolfgang
      Weisselberg for noting this.  For example, the following line
      (produced by 'h2xs' :) has an extra semicolon which will now be

         BEGIN { plan tests => 1 };

     -New parameter -csce (--closing-side-comment-else-flag) can be used
      to control what text is appended to 'else' and 'elsif' blocks.
      Default is to just add leading 'if' text to an 'else'.  See manual.

     -The -csc option now labels 'else' blocks with additinal information
      from the opening if statement and elsif statements, if space.
      Thanks to Wolfgang Weisselberg for suggesting this.

     -The -csc option will now remove any old closing side comments
      below the line interval threshold. Thanks to Wolfgang Weisselberg for
      suggesting this.

     -The abbreviation feature, which was broken in the previous version,
      is now fixed.  Thanks to Michael Cartmell for noting this.

     -Vertical alignment is now done for '||='  .. somehow this was 

  2002 02 25
     -This version uses modules for the first time, and a standard perl
      Makefile.PL has been supplied.  However, perltidy may still be
      installed as a single script, without modules.  See INSTALL for

     -The man page 'perl2web' has been merged back into the main 'perltidy'
      man page to simplify installation.  So you may remove that man page
      if you have an older installation.

     -Added patch from Axel Rose for MacPerl.  The patch prompts the user
      for command line arguments before calling the module 

     -Corrected bug with '-bar' which was introduced in the previous
      version.  A closing block brace was being indented.  Thanks to
      Alexandros M Manoussakis for reporting this.

     -New parameter '--entab-leading-whitespace=n', or '-et=n', has been
      added for those who prefer tabs.  This behaves different from the
      existing '-t' parameter; see updated man page.  Suggested by Mark

     -New parameter '--perl-syntax-check-flags=s'  or '-pcsf=s' can be
      used to change the flags passed to perltidy in a syntax check.
      See updated man page.  Suggested by Mark Olesen. 

     -New parameter '--output-path=s'  or '-opath=s' will cause output
      files to be placed in directory s.  See updated man page.  Thanks for
      Mark Olesen for suggesting this.

     -New parameter --dump-profile (or -dpro) will dump to
      standard output information about the search for a
      configuration file, the name of whatever configuration file
      is selected, and its contents.  This should help debugging
      config files, especially on different Windows systems.

     -The -w parameter now notes possible errors of the form:

            $comment = s/^\s*(\S+)\..*/$1/;   # trim whitespace

     -Corrections added for a leading ':' and for leaving a leading 'tcsh'
      line untouched.  Mark Olesen reported that lines of this form were
      accepted by perl but not by perltidy:

            : # use -*- perl -*-
            eval 'exec perl -wS $0 "$@"'  # shell should exec 'perl'
            unless 1;                     # but Perl should skip this one

      Perl will silently swallow a leading colon on line 1 of a
      script, and now perltidy will do likewise.  For example,
      this is a valid script, provided that it is the first line,
      but not otherwise:

            : print "Hello World\n";
      Also, perltidy will now mark a first line with leading ':' followed by
      '#' as type SYSTEM (just as a #!  line), not to be formatted.

     -List formatting improved for certain lists with special
      initial terms, such as occur with 'printf', 'sprintf',
      'push', 'pack', 'join', 'chmod'.  The special initial term is
      now placed on a line by itself.  For example, perltidy -gnu

            $Addr = pack(
                         "C4",                hex($SourceAddr[0]),
                         hex($SourceAddr[1]), hex($SourceAddr[2]),

            $Addr = pack("C4",
                         hex($SourceAddr[0]), hex($SourceAddr[1]),
                         hex($SourceAddr[2]), hex($SourceAddr[3]));

                push (
                      @{$$self{states}}, '64', '66', '68',
                      '70',              '72', '74', '76',
                      '78',              '80', '82', '84',
                      '86',              '88', '90', '92',
                      '94',              '96', '98', '100',
                      '102',             '104'

                push (
                      '64', '66', '68', '70', '72',  '74',  '76',
                      '78', '80', '82', '84', '86',  '88',  '90',
                      '92', '94', '96', '98', '100', '102', '104'

     -Lists of complex items, such as matricies, are now detected
      and displayed with just one item per row:

        $this->{'CURRENT'}{'gfx'}{'MatrixSkew'} = Text::PDF::API::Matrix->new(
            [ 1, tan( deg2rad($a) ), 0 ], [ tan( deg2rad($b) ), 1, 0 ],
            [ 0, 0, 1 ]

        $this->{'CURRENT'}{'gfx'}{'MatrixSkew'} = Text::PDF::API::Matrix->new(
            [ 1,                  tan( deg2rad($a) ), 0 ],
            [ tan( deg2rad($b) ), 1,                  0 ],
            [ 0,                  0,                  1 ]

     -The perl syntax check will be turned off for now when input is from
      standard input or standard output.  The reason is that this requires
      temporary files, which has produced far too many problems during
      Windows testing.  For example, the POSIX module under Windows XP/2000
      creates temporary names in the root directory, to which only the
      administrator should have permission to write.

     -Merged patch sent by Yves Orton to handle appropriate
      configuration file locations for different Windows varieties
      (2000, NT, Me, XP, 95, 98).

     -Added patch to properly handle a for/foreach loop without
      parens around a list represented as a qw.  I didn't know this
      was possible until Wolfgang Weisselberg pointed it out:

            foreach my $key qw\Uno Due Tres Quadro\ {
                print "Set $key\n";

      But Perl will give a syntax error without the $ variable; ie this will
      not work:

            foreach qw\Uno Due Tres Quadro\ {
                print "Set $_\n";

     -Merged Windows version detection code sent by Yves Orton.  Perltidy
      now automatically turns off syntax checking for Win 9x/ME versions,
      and this has solved a lot of robustness problems.  These systems 
      cannot reliably handle backtick operators.  See man page for
     -Merged VMS filename handling patch sent by Michael Cartmell.  (Invalid
      output filenames were being created in some cases). 

     -Numerous minor improvements have been made for -lp style indentation.

     -Long C-style 'for' expressions will be broken after each ';'.   

      'perltidy -gnu' gives:

        for ($status = $db->seq($key, $value, R_CURSOR()) ; $status == 0
             and $key eq $origkey ; $status = $db->seq($key, $value, R_NEXT())) 

        for ($status = $db->seq($key, $value, R_CURSOR()) ;
             $status == 0 and $key eq $origkey ;
             $status = $db->seq($key, $value, R_NEXT()))

     -For the -lp option, a single long term within parens
      (without commas) now has better alignment.  For example,
      perltidy -gnu

                $self->throw("Must specify a known host, not $location,"
                      . " possible values ("
                      . join (",", sort keys %hosts) . ")");

                $self->throw("Must specify a known host, not $location,"
                             . " possible values ("
                             . join (",", sort keys %hosts) . ")");

  2001 12 31
     -This version is about 20 percent faster than the previous
      version as a result of optimization work.  The largest gain
      came from switching to a dispatch hash table in the

     -perltidy -html will check to see if HTML::Entities is
      installed, and if so, it will use it to encode unsafe

     -Added flag -oext=ext to change the output file extension to
      be different from the default ('tdy' or 'html').  For

        perltidy -html -oext=htm filename

     will produce filename.htm

     -Added flag -cscw to issue warnings if a closing side comment would replace
     an existing, different side comments.  See the man page for details.
     Thanks to Peter Masiar for helpful discussions.

     -Corrected tokenization error of signed hex/octal/binary numbers. For
     example, the first hex number below would have been parsed correctly
     but the second one was not:
        if ( ( $tmp >= 0x80_00_00 ) || ( $tmp < -0x80_00_00 ) ) { }

     -'**=' was incorrectly tokenized as '**' and '='.  This only
         caused a problem with the -extrude opton.

     -Corrected a divide by zero when -extrude option is used

     -The flag -w will now contain all errors reported by 'perl -c' on the
     input file, but otherwise they are not reported.  The reason is that
     perl will report lots of problems and syntax errors which are not of
     interest when only a small snippet is being formatted (such as missing
     modules and unknown bare words).  Perltidy will always report all
     significant syntax errors that it finds, such as unbalanced braces,
     unless the -q (quiet) flag is set.

     -Merged modifications created by Hugh Myers into perltidy.
      These include a 'streamhandle' routine which allows perltidy
      as a module to operate on input and output arrays and strings
      in addition to files.  Documentation and new packaging as a
      module should be ready early next year; This is an elegant,
      powerful update; many thanks to Hugh for contributing it.

  2001 11 28
     -added a tentative patch which tries to keep any existing breakpoints
     at lines with leading keywords map,sort,eval,grep. The idea is to
     improve formatting of sequences of list operations, as in a schwartzian
     transform.  Example:

        my @sorted = map { $_->[0] }
                     sort { $a->[1] <=> $b->[1] }
                     map { [ $_, rand ] } @list;

        my @sorted =
          map { $_->[0] } sort { $a->[1] <=> $b->[1] } map { [ $_, rand ] } @list;

        my @sorted = map { $_->[0] }
          sort { $a->[1] <=> $b->[1] }
          map { [ $_, rand ] } @list;

      The new alignment is not as nice as the input, but this is an improvement.
      Thanks to Yves Orton for this suggestion.

     -modified indentation logic so that a line with leading opening paren,
     brace, or square bracket will never have less indentation than the
     line with the corresponding opening token.  Here's a simple example:

                -text    => "New Document",
                -command => \&new_document
                -side   => 'bottom',
                -anchor => 'e'

        Note how the closing ');' is lined up with the first line, even
        though it closes a paren in the 'pack' line.  That seems wrong.
                -text    => "New Document",
                -command => \&new_document
                -side   => 'bottom',
                -anchor => 'e'

       This seems nicer: you can up-arrow with an editor and arrive at the
       opening 'pack' line.
     -corrected minor glitch in which cuddled else (-ce) did not get applied
     to an 'unless' block, which should look like this:

            unless ($test) {

            } else {


      Thanks to Jeremy Mates for reporting this.

     -The man page has been reorganized to parameters easier to find.
     -Added check for multiple definitions of same subroutine.  It is easy
      to introduce this problem when cutting and pasting. Perl does not
      complain about it, but it can lead to disaster.

     -The command -pro=filename  or -profile=filename may be used to specify a
      configuration file which will override the default name of .perltidyrc.
      There must not be a space on either side of the '=' sign.  I needed
      this to be able to easily test perltidy with a variety of different
      configuration files.

     -Side comment alignment has been improved somewhat across frequent level
      changes, as in short if/else blocks.  Thanks to Wolfgang Weisselberg 
      for pointing out this problem.  For example:
        if ( ref $self ) {    # Called as a method
            $format = shift;
        else {    # Regular procedure call
            $format = $self;
            undef $self;

        if ( ref $self ) {    # Called as a method
            $format = shift;
        else {                # Regular procedure call
            $format = $self;
            undef $self;

     -New command -ssc (--static-side-comment) and related command allows
      side comments to be spaced close to preceding character.  This is
      useful for displaying commented code as side comments.

     -New command -csc (--closing-side-comment) and several related
      commands allow comments to be added to (and deleted from) any or all
      closing block braces.  This can be useful if you have to maintain large
      programs, especially those that you didn't write.  See updated man page.
      Thanks to Peter Masiar for this suggestion.  For a simple example:

            perltidy -csc

            sub foo {
                if ( !defined( $_[0] ) ) {
                    print("Hello, World\n");
                else {
                    print( $_[0], "\n" );
            } ## end sub foo

      This added '## end sub foo' to the closing brace.  
      To remove it, perltidy -ncsc.

     -New commands -ola, for outdenting labels, and -okw, for outdenting
      selected control keywords, were implemented.  See the perltidy man
      page for details.  Thanks to Peter Masiar for this suggestion.

     -Hanging side comment change: a comment will not be considered to be a
      hanging side comment if there is no leading whitespace on the line.
      This should improve the reliability of identifying hanging side comments.
      Thanks to Peter Masiar for this suggestion.

     -Two new commands for outdenting, -olq (outdent-long-quotes) and -olc
      (outdent-long-comments), have been added.  The original -oll
      (outdent-long-lines) remains, and now is an abbreviation for -olq and -olc.
      The new default is just -olq.  This was necessary to avoid inconsistency with
      the new static block comment option.

     -Static block comments:  to provide a way to display commented code
      better, the convention is used that comments with a leading '##' should
      not be formatted as usual.  Please see '-sbc' (or '--static-block-comment')
      for documentation.  It can be deactivated with with -nsbc, but
      should not normally be necessary. Thanks to Peter Masiar for this 

     -Two changes were made to help show structure of complex lists:
      (1) breakpoints are forced after every ',' in a list where any of
      the list items spans multiple lines, and
      (2) List items which span multiple lines now get continuation indentation.

      The following example illustrates both of these points.  Many thanks to
      Wolfgang Weisselberg for this snippet and a discussion of it; this is a
      significant formatting improvement. Note how it is easier to see the call
      parameters in the NEW version:

        assert( __LINE__, ( not defined $check )
            or ref $check
            or $check eq "new"
            or $check eq "old", "Error in parameters",
            defined $old_new ? ( ref $old_new ? ref $old_new : $old_new ) : "undef",
            defined $db_new  ? ( ref $db_new  ? ref $db_new  : $db_new )  : "undef",
            defined $old_db ? ( ref $old_db ? ref $old_db : $old_db ) : "undef" );

            ( not defined $check )
              or ref $check
              or $check eq "new"
              or $check eq "old",
            "Error in parameters",
            defined $old_new ? ( ref $old_new ? ref $old_new : $old_new ) : "undef",
            defined $db_new  ? ( ref $db_new  ? ref $db_new  : $db_new )  : "undef",
            defined $old_db  ? ( ref $old_db  ? ref $old_db  : $old_db )  : "undef"

        Another example shows how this helps displaying lists:

        %{ $self->{COMPONENTS} } = (
            fname =>
            { type => 'name', adj => 'yes', font => 'Helvetica', 'index' => 0 },
            street =>
            { type => 'road', adj => 'yes', font => 'Helvetica', 'index' => 2 },

        The structure is clearer with the added indentation:
        %{ $self->{COMPONENTS} } = (
            fname =>
              { type => 'name', adj => 'yes', font => 'Helvetica', 'index' => 0 },
            street =>
              { type => 'road', adj => 'yes', font => 'Helvetica', 'index' => 2 },

        -The structure of nested logical expressions is now displayed better.
        Thanks to Wolfgang Weisselberg for helpful discussions.  For example,
        note how the status of the final 'or' is displayed in the following:

        return ( !null($op)
              and null( $op->sibling )
              and $op->ppaddr eq "pp_null"
              and class($op) eq "UNOP"
              and ( ( $op->first->ppaddr =~ /^pp_(and|or)$/
                and $op->first->first->sibling->ppaddr eq "pp_lineseq" )
                or ( $op->first->ppaddr eq "pp_lineseq"
                    and not null $op->first->first->sibling
                    and $op->first->first->sibling->ppaddr eq "pp_unstack" ) ) );

        return (
              and null( $op->sibling )
              and $op->ppaddr eq "pp_null"
              and class($op) eq "UNOP"
              and (
                    $op->first->ppaddr =~ /^pp_(and|or)$/
                    and $op->first->first->sibling->ppaddr eq "pp_lineseq"
                or ( $op->first->ppaddr eq "pp_lineseq"
                    and not null $op->first->first->sibling
                    and $op->first->first->sibling->ppaddr eq "pp_unstack" )

       -A break will always be put before a list item containing a comma-arrow.
       This will improve formatting of mixed lists of this form:

                'text', 225, 20, -text => 'A Simple Plot',
                -font => $font,
                -fill => 'brown'

                'text', 225, 20,
                -text => 'A Simple Plot',
                -font => $font,
                -fill => 'brown'

      -For convenience, the command -dac (--delete-all-comments) now also
      deletes pod.  Likewise, -tac (--tee-all-comments) now also sends pod
      to a '.TEE' file.  Complete control over the treatment of pod and
      comments is still possible, as described in the updated help message 
      and man page.

      -The logic which breaks open 'containers' has been rewritten to be completely
      symmetric in the following sense: if a line break is placed after an opening
      {, [, or (, then a break will be placed before the corresponding closing
      token.  Thus, a container either remains closed or is completely cracked

      -Improved indentation of parenthesized lists.  For example, 

                $GPSCompCourse =
                  atan2( $GPSTempCompLong - $GPSLongitude,
                  $GPSLatitude - $GPSTempCompLat ) * 180 / 3.14159265 );

                $GPSCompCourse = int(
                        $GPSTempCompLong - $GPSLongitude,
                        $GPSLatitude - $GPSTempCompLat
                      ) * 180 / 3.14159265

       Further improvements will be made in future releases.

      -Some improvements were made in formatting small lists.

      -Correspondence between Input and Output line numbers reported in a 
       .LOG file should now be exact.  They were sometimes off due to the size
       of intermediate buffers.

      -Corrected minor tokenization error in which a ';' in a foreach loop
       control was tokenized as a statement termination, which forced a 
       line break:

            foreach ( $i = 0;
                $i <= 10;
                $i += 2
                print "$i ";

            foreach ( $i = 0 ; $i <= 10 ; $i += 2 ) {
                print "$i ";

      -Corrected a problem with reading config files, in which quote marks were not
       stripped.  As a result, something like -wba="&& . || " would have the leading
       quote attached to the && and not work correctly.  A workaround for older
       versions is to place a space around all tokens within the quotes, like this:
       -wba=" && . || "

      -Removed any existing space between a label and its ':'
        OLD    : { }
        NEW: { }
       This was necessary because the label and its colon are a single token.

      -Corrected tokenization error for the following (highly non-recommended) 
        $user = @vars[1] / 100;
      -Resolved cause of a difference between perltidy under perl v5.6.1 and
      5.005_03; the problem was different behavior of \G regex position

  2001 10 20
     -Corrected a bug in which a break was not being made after a full-line
     comment within a short eval/sort/map/grep block.  A flag was not being
     zeroed.  The syntax error check catches this.  Here is a snippet which
     illustrates the bug:

            eval {
                #open Socket to Dispatcher
                $sock = &OpenSocket;

     The formatter mistakenly thought that it had found the following 
     one-line block:
            eval {#open Socket to Dispatcher$sock = &OpenSocket; };

     The patch fixes this. Many thanks to Henry Story for reporting this bug.

     -Changes were made to help diagnose and resolve problems in a
     .perltidyrc file: 
       (1) processing of command parameters has been into two separate
       batches so that any errors in a .perltidyrc file can be localized.  
       (2) commands --help, --version, and as many of the --dump-xxx
       commands are handled immediately, without any command line processing
       at all.  
       (3) Perltidy will ignore any commands in the .perltidyrc file which
       cause immediate exit.  These are:  -h -v -ddf -dln -dop -dsn -dtt
       -dwls -dwrs -ss.  Thanks to Wolfgang Weisselberg for helpful
       suggestions regarding these updates.

     -Syntax check has been reinstated as default for MSWin32 systems.  This
     way Windows 2000 users will get syntax check by default, which seems
     like a better idea, since the number of Win 95/98 systems will be
     decreasing over time.  Documentation revised to warn Windows 95/98
     users about the problem with empty '&1'.  Too bad these systems
     all report themselves as MSWin32.

  2001 10 16
     -Fixed tokenization error in which a method call of the form

      got a space before the '::' like this:

        Module ::->new();

      Thanks to David Holden for reporting this.
     -Added -html control over pod text, using a new abbreviation 'pd'.  See
     updated perl2web man page. The default is to use the color of a comment,
     but italicized.  Old .css style sheets will need a new line for
     .pd to use this.  The old color was the color of a string, and there
     was no control.  
     -.css lines are now printed in sorted order.

     -Fixed interpolation problem where html files had '$input_file' as title
     instead of actual input file name.  Thanks to Simon Perreault for finding
     this and sending a patch, and also to Tobias Weber.

     -Breaks will now have the ':' placed at the start of a line, 
     one per line by default because this shows logical structure
     more clearly. This coding has been completely redone. Some 
     examples of new ?/: formatting:

                wantarray ? map( $dir::cwd->lookup($_)->path, @_ ) :
                  $dir::cwd->lookup( $_[0] )->path;

                  ? map( $dir::cwd->lookup($_)->path, @_ )
                  : $dir::cwd->lookup( $_[0] )->path;

                    $a = ( $b > 0 ) ? {
                        a => 1,
                        b => 2
                    } : { a => 6, b => 8 };

                    $a = ( $b > 0 )
                      ? {
                        a => 1,
                        b => 2
                      : { a => 6, b => 8 };

        OLD: (-gnu):
        $self->note($self->{skip} ? "Hunk #$self->{hunk} ignored at 1.\n" :
                    "Hunk #$self->{hunk} failed--$@");

        NEW: (-gnu):
                    ? "Hunk #$self->{hunk} ignored at 1.\n"
                    : "Hunk #$self->{hunk} failed--$@");

            $which_search =
              $opts{"t"} ? 'title'   :
              $opts{"s"} ? 'subject' : $opts{"a"} ? 'author' : 'title';

            $which_search =
              $opts{"t"} ? 'title'
              : $opts{"s"} ? 'subject'
              : $opts{"a"} ? 'author'
              : 'title';
     You can use -wba=':' to recover the previous default which placed ':'
     at the end of a line.  Thanks to Michael Cartmell for helpful
     discussions and examples.  

     -Tokenizer updated to do syntax checking for matched ?/: pairs.  Also,
     the tokenizer now outputs a unique serial number for every balanced
     pair of brace types and ?/: pairs.  This greatly simplifies the

     -Long lines with repeated 'and', 'or', '&&', '||'  will now have
     one such item per line.  For example:

            if ( $opt_d || $opt_m || $opt_p || $opt_t || $opt_x
                || ( -e $archive && $opt_r ) )
                ( $pAr, $pNames ) = readAr($archive);

            if ( $opt_d
                || $opt_m
                || $opt_p
                || $opt_t
                || $opt_x
                || ( -e $archive && $opt_r ) )
                ( $pAr, $pNames ) = readAr($archive);

            if ( $vp->{X0} + 4 <= $x && $vp->{X0} + $vp->{W} - 4 >= $x
                && $vp->{Y0} + 4 <= $y && $vp->{Y0} + $vp->{H} - 4 >= $y ) 

            if ( $vp->{X0} + 4 <= $x
                && $vp->{X0} + $vp->{W} - 4 >= $x
                && $vp->{Y0} + 4 <= $y
                && $vp->{Y0} + $vp->{H} - 4 >= $y )

     -Long lines with multiple concatenated tokens will have concatenated
     terms (see below) placed one per line, except for short items.  For

            $report .=
              "Device type:" . $ib->family . "  ID:" . $ib->serial . "  CRC:"
              . $ib->crc . ": " . $ib->model() . "\n";

            $report .= "Device type:"
              . $ib->family . "  ID:"
              . $ib->serial . "  CRC:"
              . $ib->model()
              . $ib->crc . ": " . "\n";

     NOTE: at present 'short' means 8 characters or less.  There is a
     tentative flag to change this (-scl), but it is undocumented and
     is likely to be changed or removed later, so only use it for testing.  
     In the above example, the tokens "  ID:", "  CRC:", and "\n" are below
     this limit.  

     -If a line which is short enough to fit on a single line was
     nevertheless broken in the input file at a 'good' location (see below), 
     perltidy will try to retain a break.  For example, the following line
     will be formatted as:
        open SUM, "<$file"
          or die "Cannot open $file ($!)";
     if it was broken in the input file, and like this if not:

        open SUM, "<$file" or die "Cannot open $file ($!)";

     GOOD: 'good' location means before 'and','or','if','unless','&&','||'

     The reason perltidy does not just always break at these points is that if
     there are multiple, similar statements, this would preclude alignment.  So
     rather than check for this, perltidy just tries to follow the input style,
     in the hopes that the author made a good choice. Here is an example where 
     we might not want to break before each 'if':

        ($Locale, @Locale) = ($English, @English) if (@English > @Locale);
        ($Locale, @Locale) = ($German,  @German)  if (@German > @Locale);
        ($Locale, @Locale) = ($French,  @French)  if (@French > @Locale);
        ($Locale, @Locale) = ($Spanish, @Spanish) if (@Spanish > @Locale);

     -Added wildcard file expansion for systems with shells which lack this.
     Now 'perltidy *.pl' should work under MSDOS/Windows.  Thanks to Hugh Myers 
     for suggesting this.  This uses builtin glob() for now; I may change that.

     -Added new flag -sbl which, if specified, overrides the value of -bl
     for opening sub braces.  This allows formatting of this type:

     perltidy -sbl 

     sub foo
        if (!defined($_[0])) {
            print("Hello, World\n");
        else {
            print($_[0], "\n");
     Requested by Don Alexander.

     -Fixed minor parsing error which prevented a space after a $$ variable
     (pid) in some cases.  Thanks to Michael Cartmell for noting this.
     For example, 
       old: $$< 700 
       new: $$ < 700

     -Improved line break choices 'and' and 'or' to display logic better.
     For example:

            exists $self->{'build_dir'} and push @e,
              "Unwrapped into directory $self->{'build_dir'}";

            exists $self->{'build_dir'}
              and push @e, "Unwrapped into directory $self->{'build_dir'}";

     -Fixed error of multiple use of abbreviatioin '-dsc'.  -dsc remains 
     abbreviation for delete-side-comments; -dsm is new abbreviation for 

     -Corrected and updated 'usage' help routine.  Thanks to Slaven Rezic for 
     noting an error.

     -The default for Windows is, for now, not to do a 'perl -c' syntax
     check (but -syn will activate it).  This is because of problems with  James Freeman sent me a patch which tries to get around
     the problems, and it works in many cases, but testing revealed several
     issues that still need to be resolved.  So for now, the default is no
     syntax check for Windows.

     -I added a -T flag when doing perl -c syntax check.
     This is because I test it on a large number of scripts from sources
     unknown, and who knows what might be hidden in initialization blocks?
     Also, deactivated the syntax check if perltidy is run as root.  As a
     benign example, running the previous version of perltidy on the
     following file would cause it to disappear:

                    print "Bye, bye baby!\n";
                    unlink $0;
     The new version will not let that happen.

     -I am contemplating (but have not yet implemented) making '-lp' the
     default indentation, because it is stable now and may be closer to how
     perl is commonly formatted.  This could be in the next release.  The
     reason that '-lp' was not the original default is that the coding for
     it was complex and not ready for the initial release of perltidy.  If
     anyone has any strong feelings about this, I'd like to hear.  The
     current default could always be recovered with the '-nlp' flag.

  2001 09 03
     -html updates:
         - sub definition names are now specially colored, red by default.  
           The letter 'm' is used to identify them.
         - keyword 'sub' now has color of other keywords.
         - restored html keyword color to __END__ and __DATA__, which was 
           accidentally removed in the previous version.

     -A new -se (--standard-error-output) flag has been implemented and
     documented which causes all errors to be written to standard output
     instead of a .ERR file.

     -A new -w (--warning-output) flag has been implemented and documented
      which causes perltidy to output certain non-critical messages to the
      error output file, .ERR.  These include complaints about pod usage,
      for example.  The default is to not include these.

      NOTE: This replaces an undocumented -w=0 or --warning-level flag
      which was tentatively introduced in the previous version to avoid some
      unwanted messages.  The new default is the same as the old -w=0, so
      that is no longer needed. 

      -Improved syntax checking and corrected tokenization of functions such
      as rand, srand, sqrt, ...  These can accept either an operator or a term
      to their right.  This has been corrected.
     -Corrected tokenization of semicolon: testing of the previous update showed 
     that the semicolon in the following statement was being mis-tokenized.  That
     did no harm, other than adding an extra blank space, but has been corrected.

              for (sort {strcoll($a,$b);} keys %investments) {

     -New syntax check: after wasting 5 minutes trying to resolve a syntax
      error in which I had an extra terminal ';' in a complex for (;;) statement, 
      I spent a few more minutes adding a check for this in perltidy so it won't
      happen again.

     -The behavior of --break-before-subs (-bbs) and --break-before-blocks
     (-bbb) has been modified.  Also, a new control parameter,
     --long-block-line-count=n (-lbl=n) has been introduced to give more
     control on -bbb.  This was previously a hardwired value.  The reason
     for the change is to reduce the number of unwanted blank lines that
     perltidy introduces, and make it less erratic.  It's annoying to remove
     an unwanted blank line and have perltidy put it back.  The goal is to
     be able to sprinkle a few blank lines in that dense script you
     inherited from Bubba.  I did a lot of experimenting with different
     schemes for introducing blank lines before and after code blocks, and
     decided that there is no really good way to do it.  But I think the new
     scheme is an improvement.  You can always deactivate this with -nbbb.
     I've been meaning to work on this; thanks to Erik Thaysen for bringing
     it to my attention.

     -The .LOG file is seldom needed, and I get tired of deleting them, so
      they will now only be automatically saved if perltidy thinks that it
      made an error, which is almost never.  You can still force the logfile
      to be saved with -log or -g.

     -Improved method for computing number of columns in a table.  The old
     method always tried for an even number.  The new method allows odd
     numbers when it is obvious that a list is not a hash initialization

       old: my (
                 $name,       $xsargs, $parobjs, $optypes,
                 $hasp2child, $pmcode, $hdrcode, $inplacecode,
                 $globalnew,  $callcopy
              = @_;

       new: my (
                 $name,   $xsargs,  $parobjs,     $optypes,   $hasp2child,
                 $pmcode, $hdrcode, $inplacecode, $globalnew, $callcopy
              = @_;

     -I fiddled with the list threshold adjustment, and some small lists
     look better now.  Here is the change for one of the lists in test file
       %units =
         ("in", "in", "pt", "pt", "pc", "pi", "mm", "mm", "cm", "cm", "\\hsize", "%",
           "\\vsize", "%", "\\textwidth", "%", "\\textheight", "%");

       %units = (
                  "in",      "in", "pt",          "pt", "pc",           "pi",
                  "mm",      "mm", "cm",          "cm", "\\hsize",      "%",
                  "\\vsize", "%",  "\\textwidth", "%",  "\\textheight", "%"

     -Improved -lp formatting at '=' sign.  A break was always being added after
     the '=' sign in a statement such as this, (to be sure there was enough room
     for the parameters):

     old: my $fee =
                            $env,          $borrnum,
                            $biblionumber, $constraint,
     The updated version doesn't do this unless the space is really needed:

     new: my $fee = CalcReserveFee(
                                   $env,          $borrnum,
                                   $biblionumber, $constraint,

     -I updated the tokenizer to allow $#+ and $#-, which seem to be new to
     Perl 5.6.  Some experimenting with a recent version of Perl indicated
     that it allows these non-alphanumeric '$#' array maximum index
     varaibles: $#: $#- $#+ so I updated the parser accordingly.  Only $#:
     seems to be valid in older versions of Perl.

     -Fixed a rare formatting problem with -lp (and -gnu) which caused
     excessive indentation.

     -Many additional syntax checks have been added.

     -Revised method for testing here-doc target strings; the following
     was causing trouble with a regex test because of the '*' characters:
      print <<"*EOF*";
      bla bla
     Perl seems to allow almost anything to be a here doc target, so an
     exact string comparison is now used.

     -Made update to allow underscores in binary numbers, like '0b1100_0000'.

     -Corrected problem with scanning certain module names; a blank space was 
     being inserted after 'warnings' in the following:
        use warnings::register;
     The problem was that warnings (and a couple of other key modules) were 
     being tokenized as keywords.  They should have just been identifiers.

     -Corrected tokenization of indirect objects after sort, system, and exec,
     after testing produced an incorrect error message for the following
     line of code:
        print sort $sortsubref @list;

     -Corrected minor problem where a line after a format had unwanted
     extra continuation indentation.  

     -Delete-block-comments (and -dac) now retain any leading hash-bang line

     -Update for -lp (and -gnu) to not align the leading '=' of a list
     with a previous '=', since this interferes with alignment of parameters.

      old:  my $hireDay = new Date;
            my $self    = {
                         firstName => undef,
                         lastName  => undef,
                         hireDay   => $hireDay
      new:  my $hireDay = new Date;
            my $self = {
                         firstName => undef,
                         lastName  => undef,
                         hireDay   => $hireDay

     -Modifications made to display tables more compactly when possible,
      without adding lines. For example,
                    '1', "I", '2', "II", '3', "III", '4', "IV",
                    '5', "V", '6', "VI", '7', "VII", '8', "VIII",
                    '9', "IX"
                    '1', "I",   '2', "II",   '3', "III",
                    '4', "IV",  '5', "V",    '6', "VI",
                    '7', "VII", '8', "VIII", '9', "IX"

     -Corrected minor bug in which -pt=2 did not keep the right paren tight
     around a '++' or '--' token, like this:

                for ($i = 0 ; $i < length $key ; $i++ )

     The formatting for this should be, and now is: 

                for ($i = 0 ; $i < length $key ; $i++)

     Thanks to Erik Thaysen for noting this.

     -Discovered a new bug involving here-docs during testing!  See BUGS.html.  

     -Finally fixed parsing of subroutine attributes (A Perl 5.6 feature).
     However, the attributes and prototypes must still be on the same line
     as the sub name.

  2001 07 31
     -Corrected minor, uncommon bug found during routine testing, in which a
     blank got inserted between a function name and its opening paren after
     a file test operator, but only in the case that the function had not
     been previously seen.  Perl uses the existence (or lack thereof) of 
     the blank to guess if it is a function call.  That is,
        if (-l pid_filename()) {
        if (-l pid_filename ()) {
     which is a syntax error if pid_filename has not been seen by perl.

     -If the AutoLoader module is used, perltidy will continue formatting
     code after seeing an __END__ line.  Use -nlal to deactivate this feature.  
     Likewise, if the SelfLoader module is used, perltidy will continue 
     formatting code after seeing a __DATA__ line.  Use -nlsl to
     deactivate this feature.  Thanks to Slaven Rezic for this suggestion.

     -pod text after __END__ and __DATA__ is now identified by perltidy
     so that -dp works correctly.  Thanks to Slaven Rezic for this suggestion.

     -The first $VERSION line which might be eval'd by MakeMaker
     is now passed through unchanged.  Use -npvl to deactivate this feature.
     Thanks to Manfred Winter for this suggestion.

     -Improved indentation of nested parenthesized expressions.  Tests have
     given favorable results.  Thanks to Wolfgang Weisselberg for helpful

  2001 07 23
     -Fixed a very rare problem in which an unwanted semicolon was inserted
     due to misidentification of anonymous hash reference curly as a code
     block curly.  (No instances of this have been reported; I discovered it
     during testing).  A workaround for older versions of perltidy is to use

     -Added -icb (-indent-closing-brace) parameter to indent a brace which
     terminates a code block to the same level as the previous line.
     Suggested by Andrew Cutler.  For example, 

            if ($task) {
                }    # -icb
            else {

     -Rewrote error message triggered by an unknown bareword in a print or
     printf filehandle position, and added flag -w=0 to prevent issuing this
     error message.  Suggested by Byron Jones.

     -Added modification to align a one-line 'if' block with similar
     following 'elsif' one-line blocks, like this:
          if    ( $something eq "simple" )  { &handle_simple }
          elsif ( $something eq "hard" )    { &handle_hard }
     (Suggested by  Wolfgang Weisselberg).

  2001 07 02
     -Eliminated all constants with leading underscores because perl 5.005_03
     does not support that.  For example, _SPACES changed to XX_SPACES.
     Thanks to kromJx for this update.

  2001 07 01
     -the directory of test files has been moved to a separate distribution
     file because it is getting large but is of little interest to most users.
     For the current distribution:
       perltidy-20010701.tgz        contains the source and docs for perltidy
       perltidy-20010701-test.tgz   contains the test files

     -fixed bug where temporary file perltidy.TMPI was not being deleted 
     when input was from stdin.

     -adjusted line break logic to not break after closing brace of an
     eval block (suggested by Boris Zentner).

     -added flag -gnu (--gnu-style) to give an approximation to the GNU
     style as sometimes applied to perl.  The programming style in GNU
     'automake' was used as a guide in setting the parameters; these
     parameters will probably be adjusted over time.

     -an empty code block now has one space for emphasis:
       if ( $cmd eq "bg_untested" ) {}    # old
       if ( $cmd eq "bg_untested" ) { }   # new
     If this bothers anyone, we could create a parameter.

     -the -bt (--brace-tightness) parameter has been split into two
     parameters to give more control. -bt now applies only to non-BLOCK
     braces, while a new parameter -bbt (block-brace-tightness) applies to
     curly braces which contain code BLOCKS. The default value is -bbt=0.

     -added flag -icp (--indent-closing-paren) which leaves a statement
     termination of the form );, };, or ]; indented with the same
     indentation as the previous line.  For example,

        @month_of_year = (          # default, or -nicp
            'Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun', 'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct',
            'Nov', 'Dec'

        @month_of_year = (          # -icp
            'Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun', 'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct',
            'Nov', 'Dec'

     -Vertical alignment updated to synchronize with tokens &&, ||,
     and, or, if, unless.  Allowable space before forcing
     resynchronization has been increased.  (Suggested by  Wolfgang

     -html corrected to use -nohtml-bold-xxxxxxx or -nhbx to negate bold,
     and likewise -nohtml-italic-xxxxxxx or -nhbi to negate italic.  There
     was no way to negate these previously.  html documentation updated and
     corrected.  (Suggested by  Wolfgang Weisselberg).

     -Some modifications have been made which improve the -lp formatting in
     a few cases.

     -Perltidy now retains or creates a blank line after an =cut to keep
     podchecker happy (Suggested by Manfred H. Winter).  This appears to be
     a glitch in podchecker, but it was annoying.

  2001 06 17
     -Added -bli flag to give continuation indentation to braces, like this

            if ($bli_flag)

     -Corrected an error with the tab (-t) option which caused the last line
     of a multi-line quote to receive a leading tab.  This error was in
     version 2001 06 08  but not 2001 04 06.  If you formatted a script
     with -t with this version, please check it by running once with the
     -chk flag and perltidy will scan for this possible error.

     -Corrected an invalid pattern (\R should have been just R), changed
     $^W =1 to BEGIN {$^W=1} to use warnings in compile phase, and corrected
     several unnecessary 'my' declarations. Many thanks to Wolfgang Weisselberg,
     2001-06-12, for catching these errors.
     -A '-bar' flag has been added to require braces to always be on the
     right, even for multi-line if and foreach statements.  For example,
     the default formatting of a long if statement would be:

            if ($bigwasteofspace1 && $bigwasteofspace2
              || $bigwasteofspace3 && $bigwasteofspace4)

     With -bar, the formatting is:

            if ($bigwasteofspace1 && $bigwasteofspace2
              || $bigwasteofspace3 && $bigwasteofspace4) {
     Suggested by Eli Fidler 2001-06-11.

     -Uploaded perltidy to sourceforge cvs 2001-06-10.

     -An '-lp' flag (--line-up-parentheses) has been added which causes lists
     to be indented with extra indentation in the manner sometimes
     associated with emacs or the GNU suggestions.  Thanks to Ian Stuart for
     this suggestion and for extensive help in testing it. 

     -Subroutine call parameter lists are now formatted as other lists.
     This should improve formatting of tables being passed via subroutine
     calls.  This will also cause full indentation ('-i=n, default n= 4) of
     continued parameter list lines rather than just the number of spaces
     given with -ci=n, default n=2.
     -Added support for hanging side comments.  Perltidy identifies a hanging
     side comment as a comment immediately following a line with a side
     comment or another hanging side comment.  This should work in most
     cases.  It can be deactivated with --no-hanging-side-comments (-nhsc).
     The manual has been updated to discuss this.  Suggested by Brad
     Eisenberg some time ago, and finally implemented.

  2001 06 08
     -fixed problem with parsing command parameters containing quoted
     strings in .perltidyrc files. (Reported by Roger Espel Llima 2001-06-07).

     -added two command line flags, --want-break-after and 
     --want-break-before, which allow changing whether perltidy
     breaks lines before or after any operators.  Please see the revised 
     man pages for details.

     -added system-wide configuration file capability.
     If perltidy does not find a .perltidyrc command line file in
     the current directory, nor in the home directory, it now looks
     for '/usr/local/etc/perltidyrc' and then for '/etc/perltidyrc'.
     (Suggested by Roger Espel Llima 2001-05-31).

     -fixed problem in which spaces were trimmed from lines of a multi-line
     quote. (Reported by Roger Espel Llima 2001-05-30).  This is an 
     uncommon situation, but serious, because it could conceivably change
     the proper function of a script.

     -fixed problem in which a semicolon was incorrectly added within 
     an anonymous hash.  (Reported by A.C. Yardley, 2001-5-23).
     (You would know if this happened, because perl would give a syntax
     error for the resulting script).

     -fixed problem in which an incorrect error message was produced
      after a version number on a 'use' line, like this ( Reported 
      by Andres Kroonmaa, 2001-5-14):

                  use CGI 2.42 qw(fatalsToBrowser);

      Other than the extraneous error message, this bug was harmless.

  2001 04 06
     -fixed serious bug in which the last line of some multi-line quotes or
      patterns was given continuation indentation spaces.  This may make
      a pattern incorrect unless it uses the /x modifier.  To find
      instances of this error in scripts which have been formatted with
      earlier versions of perltidy, run with the -chk flag, which has
      been added for this purpose (SLH, 2001-04-05).

      ** So, please check previously formatted scripts by running with -chk
      at least once **

     -continuation indentation has been reprogrammed to be hierarchical, 
      which improves deeply nested structures.

     -fixed problem with undefined value in list formatting (reported by Michael
      Langner 2001-04-05)

     -Switched to graphical display of nesting in .LOG files.  If an
      old format string was "(1 [0 {2", the new string is "{{(".  This
      is easier to read and also shows the order of nesting.

     -added outdenting of cuddled paren structures, like  ")->pack(".

     -added line break and outdenting of ')->' so that instead of

              -text   => "perltidy",
              -relief => 'ridge')->pack;
      the current default is:

              -text   => "perltidy",
              -relief => 'ridge'

      (requested by Michael Langner 2001-03-31; in the future this could 
      be controlled by a command-line parameter).

     -revised list indentation logic, so that lists following an assignment
      operator get one full indentation level, rather than just continuation 
      indentation.  Also corrected some minor glitches in the continuation 
      indentation logic. 

     -Fixed problem with unwanted continuation indentation after a blank line 
     (reported by Erik Thaysen 2001-03-28):

     -minor update to avoid stranding a single '(' on one line

  2001 03 28:
     -corrected serious error tokenizing filehandles, in which a sub call 
     after a print or printf, like this:
        print usage() and exit;
     became this:
        print usage () and exit;
     Unfortunately, this converts 'usage' to a filehandle.  To fix this, rerun
     perltidy; it will look for this situation and issue a warning. 

     -fixed another cuddled-else formatting bug (Reported by Craig Bourne)

     -added several diagnostic --dump routines
     -added token-level whitespace controls (suggested by Hans Ecke)

  2001 03 23:
     -added support for special variables of the form ${^WANT_BITS}

     -space added between scalar and left paren in 'for' and 'foreach' loops,
      (suggestion by Michael Cartmell):

        for $i( 1 .. 20 )   # old
        for $i ( 1 .. 20 )   # new

     -html now outputs cascading style sheets (thanks to suggestion from
      Hans Ecke)

     -flags -o and -st now work with -html

     -added missing -html documentation for comments (noted by Alex Izvorski)

     -support for VMS added (thanks to Michael Cartmell for code patches and 

     -v-strings implemented (noted by Hans Ecke and Michael Cartmell; extensive
       testing by Michael Cartmell)

     -fixed problem where operand may be empty at line 3970 
      (\b should be just b in lines 3970, 3973) (Thanks to Erik Thaysen, 
      Keith Marshall for bug reports)

     -fixed -ce bug (cuddled else), where lines like '} else {' were indented
      (Thanks to Shawn Stepper and Rick Measham for reporting this)

  2001 03 04:
     -fixed undefined value in line 153 (only worked with -I set)
     (Thanks to Mike Stok, Phantom of the Opcodes, Ian Ehrenwald, and others)

     -fixed undefined value in line 1069 (filehandle problem with perl versions <
     5.6) (Thanks to Yuri Leikind, Mike Stok, Michael Holve, Jeff Kolber)

  2001 03 03:
     -Initial announcement at; started Change Log
     (Unfortunately this version was DOA, but it was fixed the next day)