# CONTRIBUTING This project is free software for the express purpose of collaboration. We welcome all input, bug reports, feature requests, general comments, and patches. ## Communication XXX Add communication forums If you're not sure about anything, please open an issue and ask, or e-mail the project founder <email@example.com> or [talk to us on IRC on irc.perl.org channel #cpantesters-discuss](https://chat.mibbit.com/?channel=%23cpantesters-discuss&server=irc.perl.org)! ## Standard of Conduct To ensure a welcoming, safe, collaborative environment, this project will enforce a standard of conduct: * The topic of this project is the project itself. Please stay on-topic. * Stick to the facts * Avoid demeaning remarks and sarcasm Unacceptable behavior will receive a single, public warning. Repeated unacceptable behavior will result in removal from the project. Remember, all the people who contribute to this project are volunteers. ## About this Project ### Project Goals XXX Add project goals ### Repository Layout This project follows CPAN conventions with some additions, explained below. #### `lib/` Modules are located in the `lib/` directory. Most of the functionality of the project should be in a module. If the functionality should be available to users from a script, the script should call the module. #### `bin/` Command-line scripts go in the `bin/` directory. Most of the real functionality of these should be in a library, but these scripts must call the library function and document the command-line interface. #### `t/` All the tests are located in the `t/` directory. See "Getting Started" below for how to build the project and run its tests. #### `xt/` Any extra tests that are not to be bundled with the CPAN module and run by consumers is located here. These tests are run at release time and may test things that are expensive or esoteric. #### `share/` Any files that are not runnable code but must still be available to the code are stored in `share/`. This includes default config files, default content, informational files, read-only databases, and other such. This project uses [File::Share](http://metacpan.com/pod/File::Share) to locate these files at run-time. ## What to Contribute ### Comments The issue tracker is used for both bug reports and to-do list. Anything on the issue tracker, open or closed, is available for discussion. ### Fixes For fixes, simply fork and send a pull request. Fixes to anything, documentation, code, tests, are equally welcome, appreciated, and addressed! If you are fixing a bug in the code, please add a regression test to ensure it stays fixed in the future. ### Features All contributions are welcome if they fit the scope of this project. If you're not sure if your feature fits, open an issue and ask. If it doesn't fit, we will try to find a way to enable you to add your feature in a related project (if it means changes in this project). When contributing a feature, please add some basic functionality tests to ensure the feature is working properly. These tests do not need to be comprehensive or paranoid, but must at least demonstrate that the feature is working as documented. ## Getting Started Building and Running Tests This project uses Dist::Zilla for its releases, but you aren't required to use it for contributing. These instructions do require you have [App::cpanminus (cpanm)](https://metacpan.org/pod/App::cpanminus) installed. `cpanm` is a CPAN client to install Perl modules and programs. You can install `cpanm` by doing: ``` curl -L https://cpanmin.us | perl - App::cpanminus ``` Or, if you (not incorrectly) do not trust that, by using the existing `cpan` client that comes with Perl: ``` cpan App::cpanminus ``` You may need to be root or Administrator to install cpanminus. XXX Add this for Perl version requirements This project also requires Perl version 5.24. If your Perl is not recent enough, you can install a new version of Perl in a local directory by using [perlbrew](http://perlbrew.pl) (the easiest option) or [plenv](https://github.com/tokuhirom/plenv). ### Using `cpanm` to install prereqs The [`cpanm`](https://metacpan.org/pod/App::cpanminus) command is the easiest way to install this project's dependencies. In the root of the project, just run `cpanm --installdeps .` and the dependencies will be installed. ### Using `carton` to install prereqs in an isolated directory If you with to isolate the prerequisites of this project so they do not interfere with other projects, you can use the [Carton](http://metacpan.org/pod/Carton) tool. Install Carton normally from CPAN using `cpanm Carton`, then use the `carton` command to install this module's prereqs in the `local/` directory: ``` carton install ``` Once the prereqs are installed, you can use `carton exec prove -lr t` to run all the tests with the right prereqs. Putting `carton exec` in front of the command makes sure Perl uses the right library directories. ### Using `prove` to run tests Perl comes with a utility called `prove` which runs tests and gives a report on failures. To run the test suite with `prove`, do: ``` prove -lr t ``` This will run all the tests in the `t` directory, recursively, while adding the current `lib/` directory to the library path. You can run individual test files more quickly by passing them as arguments to prove: ``` prove -l t/my-test.t ``` ### Using Dist::Zilla to install prereqs and run tests Once you have installed Dist::Zilla via `cpanm Dist::Zilla`, you can get this distributions's dependencies by doing: ``` dzil listdeps --author --missing | cpanm ``` Once all that is done, testing is as easy as: ``` dzil test ``` ## Before you Submit Your Contribution ### Copyright and License All contributions are copyright their respective owners, so make sure you agree with the project license (found in the LICENSE file) before contributing. The list of Contributors is calculated automatically from the Git commit log. If you do not wish to be listed as a contributor, or if you wish to be listed as a contributor with a different e-mail address, tell me so in the ticket or e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org. ### Code Formatting and Style Please try to maintain the existing code formatting and style. * 4-space indents * Opening brace on the same line as the opening keyword * Exceptions made for lengthy conditionals * Closing brace on the same column as the opening keyword ### Documentation Documentation is incredibly important, and contributions will not be accepted until documentated. * Methods must be documented inline, above the code of the method * Method documentation must include name, sample usage, and description of inputs and outputs * Attributes must be documented inline, above the attribute declaration * Attribute documentation must include name, sample value, and description * User-executable scripts must be documented with a short synopsis, a longer description, and all the arguments and options explained * Tests must be documented with the purpose of the test and any useful information for understanding the test. ### New Prerequisites Though this project has a `cpanfile`, a `Makefile.PL`, and maybe even a `Build.PL`, these files are auto-generated and should not be edited. To add new prereqs, you must add them to the `dist.ini` file in the following sections: * `[Prereqs]` - Runtime requirements * `[Prereqs / TestRequires]` - Test-only requirements * `[Prereqs / Recommends]` - Runtime recommendations, for optional modules * `[Prereqs / TestRecomments]` - Test-only recommendations, for optional modules If the section doesn't already exist, you can add it to the bottom of the `dist.ini` file. The `Recommends` and `TestRecommends` will be automatically installed by Travis CI to test those parts of the code. OS-specific prerequisites can be added using the [Dist::Zilla::Plugin::OSPrereqs](http://metacpan.org/pod/Dist::Zilla::Plugin::OSPrereqs) module.