NAME

es-copy-index.pl - Copy an index from one cluster to another

VERSION

version 7.8

SYNOPSIS

es-copy-access.pl [options] [query to select documents]

Options:

    --source            (Required) The source index name for the copy
    --destination       Destination index name, assumes source
    --from              (Required) A server in the cluster where the index lives
    --to                A server in the cluster where the index will be copied to
    --block             How many docs to process in one batch, default: 1,000
    --mapping           JSON mapping to use instead of the source mapping
    --settings          JSON index settings to use instead of those from the source
    --append            Instead of creating the index, add the documents to the destination
    --help              print help
    --manual            print full manual

From App::ElasticSearch::Utilities:

    --local         Use localhost as the elasticsearch host
    --host          ElasticSearch host to connect to
    --port          HTTP port for your cluster
    --proto         Defaults to 'http', can also be 'https'
    --http-username HTTP Basic Auth username
    --http-password HTTP Basic Auth password (if not specified, and --http-user is, you will be prompted)
    --password-exec Script to run to get the users password
    --noop          Any operations other than GET are disabled, can be negated with --no-noop
    --timeout       Timeout to ElasticSearch, default 30
    --keep-proxy    Do not remove any proxy settings from %ENV
    --index         Index to run commands against
    --base          For daily indexes, reference only those starting with "logstash"
                     (same as --pattern logstash-* or logstash-DATE)
    --datesep       Date separator, default '.' also (--date-separator)
    --pattern       Use a pattern to operate on the indexes
    --days          If using a pattern or base, how many days back to go, default: 1

See also the "CONNECTION ARGUMENTS" and "INDEX SELECTION ARGUMENTS" sections from App::ElasticSearch::Utilities.

From CLI::Helpers:

    --data-file         Path to a file to write lines tagged with 'data => 1'
    --tags              A comma separated list of tags to display
    --color             Boolean, enable/disable color, default use git settings
    --verbose           Incremental, increase verbosity (Alias is -v)
    --debug             Show developer output
    --debug-class       Show debug messages originating from a specific package, default: main
    --quiet             Show no output (for cron)
    --syslog            Generate messages to syslog as well
    --syslog-facility   Default "local0"
    --syslog-tag        The program name, default is the script name
    --syslog-debug      Enable debug messages to syslog if in use, default false
    --nopaste           Use App::Nopaste to paste output to configured paste service
    --nopaste-public    Defaults to false, specify to use public paste services
    --nopaste-service   Comma-separated App::Nopaste service, defaults to Shadowcat

DESCRIPTION

This script allows you to copy data from one index to another on the same cluster or on a separate cluster. It handles index creation, either directly copying the mapping and settings from the source index or from mapping/settings JSON files.

This script could also be used to split up an index into smaller indexes for any number of reasons.

This uses the reindex API to copy data from one cluster to another

NAME

es-copy-index.pl - Copy an index from one cluster to another

OPTIONS

from

REQUIRED: hostname or IP of the source cluster

to

Hostname or IP of the destination cluster, defaults to the same host unless otherwise specified.

source

REQUIRED: name of the source index for the copy

destination

Optional: change the name of the index on the destination cluster

block

Batch size of docs to process in one retrieval, default is 1,000

mapping

Path to a file containing JSON mapping to use on the destination index instead of the mapping directly from the source index.

settings

Path to a file containing JSON settings to use on the destination index instead of the settings directly from the source index.

append

This mode skips the index mapping and settings configuration and just being indexing documents from the source into the destination.

help

Print this message and exit

manual

Print detailed help with examples

EXAMPLES

Copy to different cluster

   es-copy-index.pl --from localhost --to remote.cluster.com --source logstash-2013.01.11

Rename an existing index

   es-copy-index.pl --from localhost --source logstash-2013.01.11 --destination logs-2013.01.11

Subset an existing index

   es-copy-index.pl --from localhost \
        --source logstash-2013.01.11 \
        --destination secure-2013.01.11 \
        category:'(authentication authorization)'

Changing settings and mappings

   es-copy-index.pl --from localhost \
        --source logstash-2013.01.11 \
        --destination testing-new-settings-old-data-2013.01.11 \
        --settings new_settings.json \
        --mappings new_mappings.json

Building an Incident Index using append

Let's say we were investigating an incident and wanted to have an index that contained the data we were interested in. We could use different retention rules for incident indexes and we could arbitrarily add data to them based on searches being performed on the source index.

Here's our initial query, a bad actor on our admin login page.

   es-copy-index.pl --from localhost \
        --source logstash-2013.01.11 \
        --destination incident-rt1234-2013.01.11 \
        src_ip:1.2.3.4 dst:admin.exmaple.com and file:'\/login.php'

Later on, we discover there was another actor:

   es-copy-index.pl --from localhost \
        --source logstash-2013.01.11 \
        --destination incident-rt1234-2013.01.11 \
        --append \
        src_ip:4.3.2.1 dst:admin.exmaple.com and file:'\/login.php'

The incident-rt1234-2013.01.11 index will now hold all the data from both of those queries.

Query Syntax Extensions

The search string is pre-analyzed before being sent to ElasticSearch. The following plugins work to manipulate the query string and provide richer, more complete syntax for CLI applications.

App::ElasticSearch::Utilities::QueryString::AutoEscape

Provide an '=' prefix to a query string parameter to promote that parameter to a term filter.

This allows for exact matches of a field without worrying about escaping Lucene special character filters.

E.g.:

    user_agent:"Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 12_1_2 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/605.1.15 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/12.0 Mobile/15E148 Safari/604.1"

Is evaluated into a weird query that doesn't do what you want. However:

    =user_agent:"Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 12_1_2 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/605.1.15 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/12.0 Mobile/15E148 Safari/604.1"

Is translated into:

    { term => { user_agent => "Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 12_1_2 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/605.1.15 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/12.0 Mobile/15E148 Safari/604.1" } }

Which provides an exact match to the term in the query.

App::ElasticSearch::Utilities::QueryString::Barewords

The following barewords are transformed:

    or => OR
    and => AND
    not => NOT

App::ElasticSearch::Utilities::QueryString::IP

If a field is an IP address uses CIDR Notation, it's expanded to a range query.

    src_ip:10.0/8 => src_ip:[10.0.0.0 TO 10.255.255.255]

App::ElasticSearch::Utilities::QueryString::Ranges

This plugin translates some special comparison operators so you don't need to remember them anymore.

Example:

    price:<100

Will translate into a:

    { range: { price: { lt: 100 } } }

And:

    price:>50,<100

Will translate to:

    { range: { price: { gt: 50, lt: 100 } } }

Supported Operators

gt via >, gte via >=, lt via <, lte via <=

App::ElasticSearch::Utilities::QueryString::Underscored

This plugin translates some special underscore surrounded tokens into the Elasticsearch Query DSL.

Implemented:

_prefix_

Example query string:

    _prefix_:useragent:'Go '

Translates into:

    { prefix => { useragent => 'Go ' } }

App::ElasticSearch::Utilities::QueryString::FileExpansion

If the match ends in .dat, .txt, .csv, or .json then we attempt to read a file with that name and OR the condition:

    $ cat test.dat
    50  1.2.3.4
    40  1.2.3.5
    30  1.2.3.6
    20  1.2.3.7

Or

    $ cat test.csv
    50,1.2.3.4
    40,1.2.3.5
    30,1.2.3.6
    20,1.2.3.7

Or

    $ cat test.txt
    1.2.3.4
    1.2.3.5
    1.2.3.6
    1.2.3.7

Or

    $ cat test.json
    { "ip": "1.2.3.4" }
    { "ip": "1.2.3.5" }
    { "ip": "1.2.3.6" }
    { "ip": "1.2.3.7" }

We can source that file:

    src_ip:test.dat      => src_ip:(1.2.3.4 1.2.3.5 1.2.3.6 1.2.3.7)
    src_ip:test.json[ip] => src_ip:(1.2.3.4 1.2.3.5 1.2.3.6 1.2.3.7)

This make it simple to use the --data-file output options and build queries based off previous queries. For .txt and .dat file, the delimiter for columns in the file must be either a tab or a null. For files ending in .csv, Text::CSV_XS is used to accurate parsing of the file format. Files ending in .json are considered to be newline-delimited JSON.

You can also specify the column of the data file to use, the default being the last column or (-1). Columns are zero-based indexing. This means the first column is index 0, second is 1, .. The previous example can be rewritten as:

    src_ip:test.dat[1]

or: src_ip:test.dat[-1]

For newline delimited JSON files, you need to specify the key path you want to extract from the file. If we have a JSON source file with:

    { "first": { "second": { "third": [ "bob", "alice" ] } } }
    { "first": { "second": { "third": "ginger" } } }
    { "first": { "second": { "nope":  "fred" } } }

We could search using:

    actor:test.json[first.second.third]

Which would expand to:

    { "terms": { "actor": [ "alice", "bob", "ginger" ] } }

This option will iterate through the whole file and unique the elements of the list. They will then be transformed into an appropriate terms query.

App::ElasticSearch::Utilities::QueryString::Nested

Implement the proposed nested query syntax early. Example:

    nested_path:"field:match AND string"

AUTHOR

Brad Lhotsky <brad@divisionbyzero.net>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2020 by Brad Lhotsky.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The (three-clause) BSD License