Compress::LZF - extremely light-weight Lempel-Ziv-Free compression
# import compress/decompress functions
# the same as above
use Compress::LZF ':compress';
$compressed = compress $uncompressed_data;
$original_data = decompress $compressed;
# import sfreeze, sfreeze_cref and sfreeze_c
use Compress::LZF ':freeze';
$serialized = sfreeze_c [4,5,6];
$original_data = sthaw $serialized;
LZF is an extremely fast (not that much slower than a pure memcpy) compression algorithm. It is ideal for applications where you want to save some space but not at the cost of speed. It is ideal for repetitive data as well. The module is self-contained and very small (no large library to be pulled in). It is also free, so there should be no problems incorporating this module into commercial programs.
I have no idea wether any patents in any countries apply to this algorithm, but at the moment it is believed that it is free from any patents.
Try to compress the given string as quickly and as much as possible. In the worst case, the string can enlarge by 1 byte, but that should be the absolute exception. You can expect a 45% compression ratio on large, binary strings.
The compress_best function uses a different algorithm that is slower but usually achieves better compression.
Uncompress the string (compressed by compress) and return the original data. Decompression errors can result in either broken data (there is no checksum kept) or a runtime error.
Often there is the need to serialize data into a string. This function does that, by using the Storable module. It does the following transforms:
undef (the perl undefined value)
=> a special cookie (undef'ness is being preserved)
IV, NV, PV (i.e. a _plain_ perl scalar):
=> stays as is when it contains normal text/numbers
=> gets serialized into a string
RV, undef, other funny objects (magical ones for example):
=> data structure is freeze'd into a string.
That is, it tries to leave "normal", human-readable data untouched but still serializes complex data structures into strings. The idea is to keep readability as high as possible, and in cases readability can't be helped anyways, it tries to compress the string.
The sfreeze functions will enlarge the original data one byte at most and will only load the Storable method when neccessary.
The sfreeze_best function uses a different algorithm that is slower but usually achieves better compression.
Similar to sfreeze, but always tries to compress the resulting string. This still leaves most small objects (most numbers) untouched.
The sfreeze_c function uses a different algorithm that is slower but usually achieves better compression.
Similar to sfreeze, but tries to compress the resulting string unless it's a "simple" string. References for example are not "simple" and as such are being compressed.
The sfreeze_cr_best function uses a different algorithm that is slower but usually achieves better compression.
Recreate the original object from it's serialized representation. This function automatically detects all the different sfreeze formats.
Set the serialize module and functions to use. The default is "Storable", "Storable::net_mstore" and "Storable::mretrieve", which should be fine for most purposes.
This module supports the perl multicore specification (http://perlmulticore.schmorp.de/) for all compression (> 2000 octets) and decompression (> 4000 octets) functions.
Other Compress::* modules, especially Compress::LZV1 (an older, less speedy module that guarentees only 1 byte overhead worst case) and Compress::Zlib.
This perl extension and the underlying liblzf were written by Marc Lehmann <email@example.com> (See also http://liblzf.plan9.de/).
To install Compress::LZF, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.