The Perl Toolchain Summit needs more sponsors. If your company depends on Perl, please support this very important event.
# Revision history for Inline::SLang

version: 1.00
date:    Tue Jan  4 12:02:37 EST 2005

There has been only one minor change to the previous version (v0.30).

- The initialisation of the S-lang interpreter now more-closely mirrors
  that used by the slsh application. This means that:
    - The interpreter's load path is set to the SLSH_PATH environment
      variable (if set). This path can be read/set using the S-Lang
      intrinsics get_slang_load_path() and set_slang_load_path().
    - The "system" slsh.rc file is processed. This file is looked for
      (in order), the SLSH_CONF_DIR and SLSH_LIB_DIR environment
      variables and, if they do not exist, in one of
    - The "user" ~/.slshrc file is processed. This file is looked for
      in the directory given by the HOME environemnt variable.

   This was primarily added to support the changes made to the S-Lang
   support in CIAO 3.2 - e.g. the use of require() to load modules - but
   may be useful elsewhere.

   This support is on by default but can be turned off by adding
     use Inline SLang => CONFIG => 'none';
   to your script.

   The function sl_setup_called() can be used to determine if the
   slsh support was loaded (a value other than 0). The routine
   sl_setup_as_slsh() can be used to call this initialisation code
   after the S-Lang code has been processed (in the unlikely event this
   is needed).

   Unfortunately the support is currently only for UNIX systems so there
   may be problems when the module is compiled.

- The documentation has been updated to better match the module and
  to clean up a few areas. The list of previous changes can now be
  found in the Inline::SLang::Changes documentation, with Inline::SLang
  only listing the changes in the current version.

- Improvements to the test suite.

- A copyright statement has been added to the source files.

version: 0.30
date:    Tue Jun  8 21:00:16 EDT 2004

This is intended to be the last release before the 1.00 version (which will
hopefully be identical to this one bar the change in version number).

- PDL support:
  - arrays are converted "as is", so that what is a 2x3 array in S-Lang will
    be converted to a 3x2 piddle (and vice versa).
  - Removed the warning messages that were in the code and documentation.
  - added support for "virtual" piddles (see the description of the
    make_physical() routine in PDL::Core). The current system is not ideal
    since it calls make_physical() on any virtual piddle sent to a S-Lang
    routine, which is a waste of memory. We may want to extend the PDL C
    API to allow 'easy' read access to data from a virtual piddle (since I
    do not want to be messing around with the internals of a piddle in this

- fixed minor bugs in Makefile.PL:
    - when multiple S-Lang libraries were found on the system they were all
      labelled as number 1 (when asking which to use).
    - the list of paths searched for S-Lang was not displayed correctly in
      the --help option
    - improvement to a regexp used to find the size of S-Lang datatypes
  - Removed the warning message when compiling the PDL support.

- minor enhancements to test suite to check support for n-dimensional
  piddles. Removed a warning message about the re-definition of the all/any

- fixed minor bug in examples/ and the documentation

- added to the Inline::SLang::Details documentation.
  - added examples/ which is referenced in Inline::SLang::Details

version: 0.26
date:    Fri Apr 16 00:07:13 EDT 2004

- Fixed bug in datatype initialisation introduced in the 0.22 version
  of the code that manifested itself by failures in the test

- The SLang_init_array_extra() routine is called when the S-Lang
  interpreter is initialised. This adds the sum, min, max functions
  (and cumsum for version 1.4.9) to the S-Lang run-time library.
  Updated tests to remove my own version of sum. This change is
  needed to allow importing of the ChIPS and Sherpa modules
  from CIAO 3.1.

- Minor updates to README to match recent changes.

version: 0.25
date:    Tue Apr 13 22:56:06 EDT 2004

- Another one-line fix and we have PDL support working on OS-X.
  PDL support is now on by default during building (that is if PDL
  is available).

version: 0.24
date:    Tue Apr 13 22:16:12 EDT 2004

- A one-line fix means that PDL support now works on Linux as well as
  Solaris. It works on OS-X until you try to convert a S-Lang array
  to a piddle. PDL support is now on by default for Solaris and Linux

version: 0.23
date:    Wed Apr  7 21:32:07 EDT 2004

- This is a fix to 'make test' in version 0.22, which failed on systems
  which did not already have a version of Inline::SLang installed.

version: 0.22
date:    Wed Apr  7 16:29:05 EDT 2004

- This is a minor release over 0.21.

- The major change is in the details of the build process: we now use
  Inline::C to embed the C code - which is used to interrogate the
  S-Lang interpreter - within Makefile.PL rather than having it in a
  separate file (slfconfig.c) which we have to compile ourselves. This
  should make the build process more portable.

- One really minor documentation fix to the "CHANGES" section of

version: 0.21
date:    Mon Apr  5 15:15:51 EDT 2004

- This is a minor release over version 0.20. The main user-visible changes
    o The module will now build on OS-X.
    o Support for PDL has been turned off by default since it does not
      work on Linux and OS-X machines.
    o The dump() method has been added to the Struct_Type class. This
      should be considered an experimental feature (which is why it has
      not been documented) and not relied upon.
    o Inline::SLang::Details has been added to document the design and
      implementation of the module. It is not intended to be read by the
      average user, unless there is a problem. Currently it is little more
      than a place holder.

- The code has been re-organised: the single file util.c has been
  split into sl2pl.c, pl2sl.c, and pdl.c.

version: 0.20
date:    Wed May 21 00:37:07 EDT 2003

- Support for conversion of S-Lang arrays to piddles (PDL):
    o requires v2.4.0 of PDL which isn't actually released
      (a fairly-recent CVS build should do the trick)
    o conversion betweed 1D arrays and piddles works
    o should 0D piddles be converted to a scalar or a 1-element 1D array?
      (currently the code croaks)
    o > 1D arrays is a mess since a 2x3 array in S-Lang maps to a
      3x2 piddle. The first time this happens a warning is printed to
      STDERR as a precaution. Not sure what the best approach is.
    o it has only been tested on 32-bit machines

- Remove some warnings from the test suite seen on an Alpha

- Tie::ExtraHash appears to have been added to Tie::Hash after 5.6.0
  so copy the code for this package rather than import it.

version: 0.12
date:    Sun May 11 23:33:38 EDT 2003

- Added support for type "synonyms": you can now create DataType_Type
  objects of type Int16_Type, UInt16_Type, Int32_Type, UInt32_Type,
  Float32_Type, Float64_Type, Short_Type, Long_Type and possibly
  Int64_Type, UInt64_Type. The return value of Inline::SLang::Int32_Type()
  - or whatever - is the actual type usedf by S-Lang rather than the
  type synonym. Note that Short/Long types may not actually be synonyms.
- The build process now checks that the S-Lang interpreter was built with
  support for floats and complex types; if not it exits with an error.

- Added a brief section to the Inline::SLang document describing how
  S-Lang are handled.

version: 0.11
date:    Wed May  7 00:39:17 EDT 2003

- S-Lang arrays can now be converted to Array_Type objects as well
  as array references. Use the Inline::SLang::sl_array2perl()
  function (described in the Inline::SLang manpage) to control how
  arrays are converted.

- Added functions called Inline::SLang::<datatype name>() that return
  a DataType_Type object whose value matches the given datatype. These
  can be imported via the EXPORT array individually or by using '!types'.
  This means you can say
  rather than
  [unfortunately there are no functions for type "synonyms" like 'Int_Type'].

- DataType_Type objects can now be compared for equality and inequality
  (i.e. the ==, eq, !=, and ne operators).

- Added Inline::SLang::sl_have_pdl() and Inline::SLang::sl_version()
  functions that return information about how the module was compiled.

- changed storage mechanism for "opaque" types; should be better behaved
  when converting a large array of such items.

- re-arranged some of the internals to take advantage of recent changes
  or make them more robust/maintainable. Should be no user-visible changes.

- we no longer allow the S-Lang namespace "_inline" to be bound to Perl
  (this namespace is for use only by the module).

version: 0.10
date:    Sat May  3 19:39:00 EDT 2003

Since there have been a number of significant changes over 0.06 the 
version number has been pushed to 0.10.

 - Support for S-Lang libraries earlier than 1.4.7 has been discontinued.

 - Perl class names have been changed from Inline::SLang::XXX to
   XXX. This reduces the amount of typing, but it doesn't fit in
   with standard Perl module/namespace policy. There's also the (rare?)
   possibility that a data type name will clash with an extant
   Perl module. A compromise would be to use SLang::XXX?

 - S-Lang structs (both Struct_Type and named structs) are now handled
   using a tied hash. What this means is that you get back a hash
   reference and so can use it as any other hash (e.g. $$foo{x}) with
   the caveat that you can not create new keys and the iteration order
   - eg the value from keys(%$foo) and each(%$foo) - is fixed to match
   that of the struct's fields. The returned value is still a member
   of the Struct_Type class (or derived from it if it's a named struct).

 - S-Lang Assoc_Type arrays are now converted to the Perl Assoc_Type
   class (and vice-versa). This is a reference to a hash array (as with
   Struct_Type) but you can add and delete keys. Note that when iterating
   through the key names of the array [eg via Perl's keys/values/each or
   the get_keys/values method calls] you are NOT guaranteed to get
   the same order as S-Lang's assoc_get_keys/values/foreach construct.
   If a user supplies a hash reference (ie not an Assoc_Type object)
   then this gets converted to an 'Assoc_Type [Any_Type]' array.

 - Have created a Perl Array_Type class to handle S-Lang arrays. This
   will not use a tied interface, instead using methods as mutators.
   It is expected that piddles will be used for numeric arrays - at least
   once the PDL support is added! - and so this will only really be
   used for arrays of non-numeric data types (and even then you will
   probably want to use a normal Perl array reference as discussed below).

 - Perl array references are converted to S-Lang arrays with the
   type and dimensionality guessed at based on the first element in the
   array. Note that it's not too hard to confuse the poor computer; for
   such cases you can use the Inline::SLang::sl_array() function to 
   specify the data type and/or dimensionality.

 - Conversion of S-Lang arrays to Perl now accomdates all dimensions
   (previously only 1 and 2D) and all variable types (previously only
   numeric, string, and a couple of other ones such as DataType_Type).
   Still use Perl array references to represent this data (and not
   Array_Type objects). This will be configurable.

 - Several Inline::SLang::XXX routines can now be exported to Perl's
   main package by use of the EXPORT configuration option (rather than
   the standard Perl way of using 'use foo qw( ... );'. This can be
   looked at as something of a hack.
 - Handling of S-Lang errors has been improved: they are now caught
   and then converted into Perl errors. So, calls to sl_eval() can
   now be wrapped in an eval block and the S-Lang error message will
   appear in $@. Needs more testing to see if this is really what is
   wanted (I don't really grok Perl's error handling). For instance the
   lack of line numbers can be annoying.
   This means that calling DataType_Type->new() with an unknown type
   name no longer results in S-Lang error messages printed to STDERR
   (which it did in 0.06).
 - fixed mem leak when converting structs from Perl to S-Lang. Note that
   the code used *may* trigger a mem leak in the S-Lang library if you
   are using a version < 1.4.9.

version: 0.06
date:    Thu Apr  3 22:36:54 EST 2003
 - big improvement in amount of S-Lang scalar types that can be converted
   to Perl (and vice versa). If a S-Lang type is not recognised then
   it is converted into an Inline::SLang::XXX object, where XXX matches
   the S-Lang type. These objects do not do much in Perl, but will
   convert back to the S-Lang type. Types handled like this are
     Ref_Type (removes hacky handling of this type 0.05); Any_Type; and
     any module-defined types
 - named/type-deffed structures - ie those created via 'typedef struct ...'
   - are now handled as Inline::SLang::XXX objects, where XXX is
   the S-Lang type name. These objects are sub-classes of the
   Inline::SLang::Struct_type class.
 - Inline::SLang::DataType_Type->new() now verifies that the type is
   recognised by S-Lang. This means that type synonyms (eg 'Int_Type'
   for 'Integer_Type' are recognised and converted to the 'base' type),
   but it does mean that unrecognised values result in several lines of
   S-Lang error messages being printed to STDERR. This could be stopped
   by installing an error hook, but that's for later.

 - fixed BIND_NS => "All"
 - added examples/ directory (not too different from those in the tests
   and in the Inline::SLang::Types documentation)

Note that in the next release the class names for objects will be
shortened from Inline::SLang::Foo_Type to Foo_Type.

version: 0.05
date:    Fri Mar 14 11:57:31 EST 2003
 - Removed the namespace tests (t/20bind_foo|many.t) if S-Lang version is
   less than 1.4.3. This should remove the CPAN testing failure.
   If you wish to use the BIND_NS option then make sure you have at least
   this version of S-Lang (you gain further benefits if you upgrade to
   at least v1.4.7).
 - Can specify the Perl package name for each S-Lang namespace to be bound
   to (by specifying "foo=bar" in the BIND_NS config option to get S-Lang
   namespace "foo" to be bound to the "bar" Perl package). I can't actually
   think of a need for this.
 - BIND_NS = "All" will bind all namespaces without having to specify them
   individually (only available if you use v1.4.7 or higher of S-Lang)
 - Added the BIND_SLFUNCS option to allow binding of selected S-Lang
   intrinsic functions. We allow these functions to use a different function
   name in Perl to that in S-Lang (specified as "slang_name=perl_name").
 - The output of 'perl -MInline=info' has been updated to account for the
   inproved binding schemes.

 - added support for Ref_Type (both from and to S-Lang) variables (scalar
   only). This makes use of "private" routines/structures and so should
   be considered a hack.
 - handling of S-Lang structs has changed to more closely match the S-Lang
   API (in that the method names match the S-Lang function names without
   the 'slang_')
 - Support for "non native" types (those that are represented by an object
   from an Inline::SLang::* class) has been standardised to use the name
   of the S-Lang datatype: at present we have Inline::SLang::DataType_Type,
   Inline::SLang::Struct_Type, and Inline::SLang::Ref_Type. All classes
   provide several common methods (all classes are sub-classes of a
   hidden base class).
   This has the side effect of making the class names even more verbose.

 - Documentation for configuration of Inline::SLang has been moved from
   Inline::SLang to Inline::SLang::Config. 

version: 0.04
date:    Fri Mar  7 00:14:47 EST 2003
 - The copyright holder is now the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
 - The license changed to GNU General Public License only (prior to v0.04
   it was distributed under a dual "perl or GNU GPL license" scheme)

 - S-Lang's Struct_Type variables are converted to Inline::SLang::struct
   objects, assuming the types of the fields are also supported.
   The conversion leaks memory.
 - 1D and 2D support for DataType variables (S-Lang to Perl)
 - Fixed mem leaks in the code converting associative-array
 - improvement to access 1D/2D arrays of Complex_Type values; users
   should see no change because of this
 - internal function added to access S-Lang version module was compiled
   against. This is almost-certainly not needed.
 - Conversion of perl types to S-Lang is still very limited.

 - added the configuration option BIND_NS: only functions in namespaces
   in this list are bound to Perl. Note that S-Lang intrinsic functions
   are not bound to Perl and that S-Lang functions in namespace foo
   (ie that would be evaluated via foo->function_name() in S-Lang)
   are accessed via foo::function_name() in Perl. See the TODO file for
   possible future upgrades.
 - improved the build/load functions used when evaluating/loading the
   S-Lang code. This stops the S-Lang code being evaluated twice the
   first time a file was evaluated.

 - further separation (and improvement) of test cases

version: 0.03
date:    Tue Jan 28 12:01:49 EST 2003
 - Initial CPAN release (for feedback/comments as still pre-alpha)
 - S-Lang's associative arrays are supported (in so far as there is
   1D array support for the data type of the stored data)
 - S-Lang's Complex_Type is stored as a Math::Complex object in Perl
   and can convert between the two languages (scalars only)
 - S-Lang's Datatype_Type is represented as an Inline::SLang::datatype
   object (scalars only).
 - 1/2D array support (S-Lang to Perl) no longer lumps together similar
   datatypes (eg char, short, int, long) into the code (should we just
   typecast them to long in S-Lang scope instead?)
 - Complex types are supported in 1 & 2D arrays
 - documentation split: data type information is now in a separate pod,
 - 'perl Makefile.PL' now supports the --gdb(=string) flag (--help for 
   Initial support for both static and dynamically-loaded forms of the 
   S-Lang library.
   Added Test::More as a requirement.

version: 0.02
date:    Sun Jan 19 10:56:10 EST 2003
 - now correctly accesses elements from String_Type (thanks to John Davis)
 - started support for > 1D arrays (S-Lang to Perl only)
 - added some necessary files for a perl module

version: 0.01
date:    Thu Jan 16 23:59:59 EST 2003
 - initial version
 - the fact it works is thanks to Neil Watkiss' Ruby & Python Inline modules