=head1 NAME

JSON::Streaming::Reader - Read JSON strings in a streaming manner

=cut

package JSON::Streaming::Reader;

use strict;
use warnings;
use Carp;
use IO::Scalar;
use JSON::Streaming::Reader::EventWrapper;

our $VERSION = '0.06';

use constant ROOT_STATE => {};

# Make some constants for the token types
BEGIN {
    foreach my $token_type (qw(start_object end_object start_array end_array start_property end_property add_string add_number add_boolean add_null error)) {
        no strict 'refs';

        my $full_name = __PACKAGE__."::".uc($token_type);

        *{$full_name} = sub { $token_type };
    }
};

sub for_stream {
    my ($class, $stream) = @_;

    my $self = bless {}, $class;
    $self->{stream} = $stream;
    $self->{state} = ROOT_STATE;
    $self->{state_stack} = [];
    $self->{used} = 0;
    return $self;
}

sub for_string {
    my ($class, $value) = @_;

    my $stream = IO::Scalar->new(ref $value ? $value : \$value);
    return $class->for_stream($stream);
}

sub event_based {
    my ($class, %callbacks) = @_;

    my $fake_stream = JSON::Streaming::Reader::EventWrapper->new();
    my $self = $class->for_stream($fake_stream);
    $self->{event_callbacks} = \%callbacks;

    return $self;
}

sub process_tokens {
    my ($self, %callbacks) = @_;

    while (my $token = $self->get_token()) {
        my $token_type = shift @$token;
        my $callback = $callbacks{$token_type} or Carp::croak("No callback provided for $token_type tokens");
        $callback->(@$token);
    }
}

sub get_token {
    my ($self) = @_;

    return undef if $self->{errored};

    my $tok = eval {
        my $need_comma = $self->made_value;
        while (1) { # Until we find a character that's interesting
            $self->_eat_whitespace();
            my $char = $self->_peek_char();

            unless (defined($char)) {
                # EOF
                die("Unexpected end of input\n") unless $self->_state == ROOT_STATE;
                return undef;
            }

            # If we've found more stuff while we're in the root state and we've
            # already seen stuff then there's junk at the end of the string.
            die("Unexpected junk at the end of input\n") if $self->_state == ROOT_STATE && $self->{used};

            if ($char eq ',' && ! $self->done_comma) {
                if ($self->in_array || $self->in_object) {
                    if ($self->made_value) {
                        $self->_require_char(',');

                        if($self->is_event_based) {
                            my $stream = $self->{stream};
                            $stream->complete_reading;
                            $stream->begin_reading;
                        }

                        $self->_set_done_comma();
                        next;
                    }
                }
                elsif ($self->in_property) {
                    # If we're in a property then a comma indicates
                    # the end of the property. We exit the property state
                    # but leave the comma so that the next get_token
                    # can still see it.
                    die("Property has no value\n") unless $self->made_value;
                    $self->_pop_state();
                    $self->_set_made_value;
                    return [ END_PROPERTY ];
                }
            }

            if ($char ne '}' && $self->in_object) {
                # If we're in an object then we must start a property here.
                my $name_token = $self->_get_string_token();
                die "Expected string\n" unless $name_token->[0] eq ADD_STRING;
                $self->_eat_whitespace();
                $self->_require_char(":");
                my $property_name = $name_token->[1];
                my $state = $self->_push_state();
                $state->{in_property} = 1;
                return [ START_PROPERTY, $property_name ];
            }

            if ($char eq '{') {
                die("Unexpected start of object\n") unless $self->can_start_value;
                $self->_require_char('{');
                my $state = $self->_push_state();
                $state->{in_object} = 1;
                return [ START_OBJECT ];
            }
            elsif ($char eq '}') {
                die("Expected another property\n") if $self->done_comma;

                # If we're in a property then this also indicates
                # the end of the property.
                # We don't actually consume the } here, so the next
                # call to get_token will see it again but it will be
                # in the is_object state rather than is_property.
                if ($self->in_property) {
                    die("Property has no value\n") unless $self->made_value;
                    $self->_pop_state();
                    $self->_set_made_value;
                    return [ END_PROPERTY ];
                }

                die("End of object without matching start\n") unless $self->in_object;
                $self->_require_char('}');
                $self->_pop_state();
                $self->_set_made_value();
                return [ END_OBJECT ];
            }
            elsif ($char eq '[') {
                die("Unexpected start of array\n") unless $self->can_start_value;
                $self->_require_char('[');
                my $state = $self->_push_state();
                $state->{in_array} = 1;
                return [ START_ARRAY ];
            }
            elsif ($char eq ']') {
                die("End of array without matching start\n") unless $self->in_array;
                die("Expected another value\n") if $self->done_comma;
                $self->_require_char(']');
                $self->_pop_state();
                $self->_set_made_value();
                return [ END_ARRAY ];
            }
            elsif ($char eq '"') {
                die("Unexpected string value\n") unless $self->can_start_value;
                die("Expected ,\n") if $need_comma && ! $self->done_comma;
                return $self->_get_string_token();
            }
            elsif ($char eq 't') {
                die("Unexpected boolean value\n") unless $self->can_start_value;
                die("Expected ,\n") if $need_comma && ! $self->done_comma;
                foreach my $c (qw(t r u e)) {
                    $self->_require_char($c);
                }
                $self->_set_made_value();
                return [ ADD_BOOLEAN, 1 ];
            }
            elsif ($char eq 'f') {
                die("Unexpected boolean value\n") unless $self->can_start_value;
                die("Expected ,\n") if $need_comma && ! $self->done_comma;
                foreach my $c (qw(f a l s e)) {
                    $self->_require_char($c);
                }
                $self->_set_made_value();
                return [ ADD_BOOLEAN, 0 ];
            }
            elsif ($char eq 'n') {
                die("Unexpected null\n") unless $self->can_start_value;
                die("Expected ,\n") if $need_comma && ! $self->done_comma;
                foreach my $c (qw(n u l l)) {
                    $self->_require_char($c);
                }
                $self->_set_made_value();
                return [ ADD_NULL ];
            }
            elsif ($char =~ /^[\d\-]/) {
                die("Unexpected number value\n") unless $self->can_start_value;
                die("Expected ,\n") if $need_comma && ! $self->done_comma;
                return $self->_get_number_token();
            }

            die "Unexpected character $char\n";
            last;
        }
    };
    if ($@) {
        unless (ref($@) && $@ == JSON::Streaming::Reader::EventWrapper::UNDERRUN()) {
            $self->{errored} = 1;
            my $error = $@;
            chomp $error;
            return [ ERROR, $error ];
        }
        else {
            # If it's an underrun signal from our weird event-based IO wrapper,
            # we pass it through to the caller.

            die $@;
        }
    }

    return $tok;

}

sub skip {
    my ($self) = @_;

    Carp::croak("Can't skip() on an event-based reader") if $self->is_event_based;

    my @end_chars;

    @end_chars = (',', '}') if $self->in_property;
    @end_chars = qw(}) if $self->in_object;
    @end_chars = qw(]) if $self->in_array;

    my $start_chars = 0;

    while (1) {
        my $peek = $self->_peek_char();

        die "Unexpected end of input\n" unless defined($peek);

        if ($peek eq '"') {
            # Use the normal string parser to skip over the
            # string so that strings containing our end_chars don't
            # cause us problems.
            $self->_parse_string();
            next;
        }

        if ($start_chars < 1 && grep { $_ eq $peek } @end_chars) {
            unless ($self->in_property && $peek eq '}') {
                $self->_get_char();
            }
            my $skipped_value = $self->in_object || $self->in_array;
            $self->_pop_state();
            $self->_set_made_value() if $skipped_value;
            return;
        }
        else {
            $start_chars++ if $peek eq '[' || $peek eq '{';
            $start_chars-- if $peek eq ']' || $peek eq '}';
            $self->_get_char();
        }
    }

}

sub slurp {
    my ($self) = @_;

    Carp::croak("Can't slurp() on an event-based reader") if $self->is_event_based;

    my $start_state = $self->_state;
    my @items = ();
    my $current_item = undef;

    my $push_item = sub {
        my $item = shift;
        push @items, $current_item;
        $current_item = $item;
    };
    my $pop_item = sub {
        $current_item = pop @items;
        return $current_item;
    };
    my $handle_value = sub {
        my ($token, $target) = @_;
        my $type = $token->[0];

        if ($type eq ADD_STRING || $type eq ADD_NUMBER) {
            $$target = $token->[1];
        }
        elsif ($type eq ADD_BOOLEAN) {
            $$target = $token->[1] ? \1 : \0;
        }
        elsif ($type eq ADD_NULL) {
            $$target = undef;
        }
        elsif ($type eq START_OBJECT) {
            my $new_item = {};
            $$target = $new_item;
            $push_item->($new_item);
        }
        elsif ($type eq START_ARRAY) {
            my $new_item = [];
            $$target = $new_item;
            $push_item->($new_item);
        }
        else {
            # This should actually never happen, since it should be caught
            # by the underlying raw API.
            die "Expecting a value but got a $type token\n";
        }
    };

    my $need_deref = 0;
    if ($self->in_array) {
        $current_item = [];
    }
    elsif ($self->in_object) {
        $current_item = {};
    }
    elsif ($self->in_property) {
        my $value = undef;
        $current_item = \$value;
        $need_deref = 1;
    }
    else {
        die "Can only slurp arrays, object or properties\n";
    }
    my $ret_item = $current_item;

    while (my $token = $self->get_token()) {
        my $type = $token->[0];

        if ($type eq ERROR) {
            die $token->[1];
        }

        my $item_type = ref($current_item);

        if ($item_type eq 'SCALAR' || $item_type eq 'REF') {
            # We're expecting a value

            if ($type eq END_PROPERTY) {
                $pop_item->();
                last unless defined($current_item);
            }
            else {
                $handle_value->($token, $current_item);
            }
        }
        elsif ($item_type eq 'ARRAY') {
            if ($type eq END_ARRAY) {
                $pop_item->();
                last unless defined($current_item);
            }
            else {
                # We're expecting a value here too, but
                # we're going to add it to the end of the
                # array instead.
                my $target = \$current_item->[scalar(@$current_item)];
                $handle_value->($token, $target);
            }
        }
        elsif ($item_type eq 'HASH') {
            # We're expecting a property here.

            if ($type eq START_PROPERTY) {
                my $name = $token->[1];
                my $target = \$current_item->{$name};
                $push_item->($target);
            }
            elsif ($type eq END_OBJECT) {
                $pop_item->();
                last unless defined($current_item);
            }
            else {
                die "Not expecting $type in object state\n";
            }
        }
        else {
            die "Don't know what to do with a $item_type value\n";
        }

    }

    # There should be nothing in $current_item by this point.
    die "Unexpected end of input" if defined($current_item);

    return $need_deref ? $$ret_item : $ret_item;
}

sub signal_eof {
    my ($self) = @_;

    Carp::croak("Can't signal_eof on a non-event-based JSON reader") unless $self->is_event_based;

    $self->{stream}->signal_eof();

    # Now feed the buffer with nothing to get it to process
    # whatever we have left in the buffer.
    my $empty = '';
    $self->feed_buffer(\$empty);
}

sub feed_buffer {
    my ($self, $new_data) = @_;

    Carp::croak("Can't feed_buffer on a non-event-based JSON reader") unless $self->is_event_based;

    my $stream = $self->{stream};

    $stream->feed_buffer($new_data);

    # Retain the peek value so we can restore it if we roll back
    my $old_peek = $self->{peeked};

    # Start a read transaction so we can roll back if there's a buffer underrun
    $stream->begin_reading();

    my $callbacks = $self->{event_callbacks};

    # Now get our normal, blocking parsing code to try to read tokens until we underrun the buffer.
    eval {
        while (my $token = $self->get_token()) {
            $stream->complete_reading();

            my $token_type = shift @$token;
            my $callback = $callbacks->{$token_type} or Carp::croak("No callback provided for $token_type tokens");
            $callback->(@$token);

            # Start a new transaction at the end of the last token.
            my $old_peek = $self->{peeked};
            $stream->begin_reading();
        }
    };
    if ($@) {
        my $err = $@;
        if (ref($err) && $err == JSON::Streaming::Reader::EventWrapper::UNDERRUN()) {
            # Roll back and try again when we get more data.
            $stream->roll_back_reading();
            $self->{peeked} = $old_peek;
            return;
        }
        else {
            # Some other kind of error. Re-throw.
            die $err;
        }
    }
    else {
        # We hit EOF without an underrun, so we just need to clean up now.
        $stream->complete_reading();
        my $callback = $callbacks->{eof} or Carp::croak("No callback provided for eof");
        $callback->();
    }
}

sub _get_char {
    my ($self) = @_;

    my $ret = $self->_peek_char();
    $self->{peeked} = undef;
    return $ret;
}

sub _require_char {
    my ($self, $required) = @_;

    my $char = $self->_get_char();
    unless (defined($char) && $char eq $required) {
        die "Expected $required but encountered ".(defined($char) ? $char : 'EOF')."\n";
    }
    return $char;
}

sub _peek_char {
    my ($self) = @_;

    return $self->{peeked} if defined($self->{peeked});

    my $buf = "";
    my $success = $self->{stream}->read($buf, 1);

    unless ($success) {
        # Assume EOF
        return undef;
    }

    return $self->{peeked} = $buf;
}

sub _eat_whitespace {
    my ($self) = @_;

    while (1) {
        my $char = $self->_peek_char();

        return if ! defined($char);
        return if $char !~ /^\s/;
        $self->_get_char();
    }
}

sub _get_digits {
    my ($self) = @_;

    my $accum = "";

    while (defined($self->_peek_char()) && $self->_peek_char() =~ /\d/) {
        $accum .= $self->_get_char();
    }

    # We should have got at least one digit
    die "Expected digits but got ".(defined $self->_peek_char() ? $self->_peek_char() : 'EOF')."\n" unless defined($accum) && $accum ne '';

    return $accum;
}

sub _get_number_token {
    my ($self) = @_;

    my @accum = ();

    if ($self->_peek_char() eq '-') {
        push @accum, $self->_get_char();
    }

    push @accum, $self->_get_digits;

    if (defined($self->_peek_char()) && $self->_peek_char() eq '.') {
        push @accum, $self->_get_char();

        push @accum, $self->_get_digits;

    }

    if (defined($self->_peek_char()) && $self->_peek_char() =~ /e/i) {
        push @accum, $self->_get_char();

        my $peek = $self->_peek_char();

        if (defined($peek) && ($peek eq '+' || $peek eq '-')) {
            push @accum, $self->_get_char();
        }

        push @accum, $self->_get_digits;
    }

    $self->_set_made_value();

    # Join and convert to number
    # Perl's numberification conveniently does what we need here.
    return [ ADD_NUMBER, join('', @accum)+0 ];
}

my %escape_chars = (
    b => "\b",
    f => "\f",
    n => "\n",
    r => "\r",
    t => "\t",
    "\\" => "\\",
    "/" => "/",
    '"' => '"',
);

sub _get_string_token {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->_require_char('"');

    my $accum = "";

    while (1) {
        my $char = $self->_get_char();

        die "Unterminated string\n" unless defined($char);
        if ($char eq '"') {
            last;
        }

        if ($char eq "\\") {
            my $escape_char = $self->_get_char();

            die "Unfinished escape sequence\n" unless defined($escape_char);

            if (my $replacement = $escape_chars{$escape_char}) {
                $accum .= $replacement;
            }
            elsif ($escape_char eq 'u') {
                # TODO: Support this
                die "\\u sequence not yet supported\n";
            }
            else {
                die "Invalid escape sequence \\$escape_char\n";
            }
        }
        else {
            $accum .= $char;
        }
    }

    $self->_set_made_value();

    return [ ADD_STRING, $accum ];
}

sub _parse_string {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->_require_char('"');

    my $accum = "";

    # Don't bother building the result buffer if we're called in void context
    my $want_result = defined(wantarray());

    while (1) {
        my $char = $self->_get_char();

        die "Unterminated string\n" unless defined($char);
        if ($char eq '"') {
            last;
        }

        if ($char eq "\\") {
            my $escape_char = $self->_get_char();

            die "Unfinished escape sequence\n" unless defined($escape_char);

            if (my $replacement = $escape_chars{$escape_char}) {
                $accum .= $replacement if $want_result;
            }
            elsif ($escape_char eq 'u') {
                # TODO: Support this
                die "\\u sequence not yet supported\n";
            }
            else {
                die "Invalid escape sequence \\$escape_char";
            }
        }
        else {
            $accum .= $char if $want_result;
        }
    }

    return $accum;
}

sub _push_state {
    my ($self) = @_;

    Carp::croak("Can't add anything else: JSON output is complete") if $self->_state == ROOT_STATE && $self->{used};

    $self->{used} = 1;

    push @{$self->{state_stack}}, $self->{state};

    $self->{state} = {
        in_object => 0,
        in_array => 0,
        in_property => 0,
        made_value => 0,
    };

    return $self->{state};
}

sub _pop_state {
    my ($self) = @_;

    my $state = pop @{$self->{state_stack}};
    return $self->{state} = $state;
}

sub _state {
    my ($self) = @_;

    return $self->{state};
}

sub in_object {
    return $_[0]->_state->{in_object} ? 1 : 0;
}

sub in_array {
    return $_[0]->_state->{in_array} ? 1 : 0;
}

sub in_property {
    return $_[0]->_state->{in_property} ? 1 : 0;
}

sub made_value {
    return $_[0]->_state->{made_value} ? 1 : 0;
}

sub done_comma {
    return $_[0]->_state->{done_comma} ? 1 : 0;
}

sub _set_made_value {
    $_[0]->_state->{made_value} = 1 unless $_[0]->_state == ROOT_STATE;
    $_[0]->_state->{done_comma} = 0 unless $_[0]->_state == ROOT_STATE;
    $_[0]->{used} = 1;
}

sub _set_done_comma {
    $_[0]->_state->{done_comma} = 1 unless $_[0]->_state == ROOT_STATE;
}

sub can_start_value {

    return 0 if $_[0]->in_property && $_[0]->made_value;

    return $_[0]->in_object ? 0 : 1;
}

sub _expecting_property {
    return $_[0]->in_object ? 1 : 0;
}

sub is_event_based {
    return defined($_[0]->{event_callbacks});
}

1;

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This module is effectively a tokenizer for JSON strings. With it you can process
JSON strings in customizable ways without first creating a Perl data structure
from the data. For some applications, such as those where the expected data
structure is known ahead of time, this may be a more efficient way to process
incoming data.

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    my $jsonr = JSON::Streaming::Reader->for_stream($fh);
    $jsonr->process_tokens(
        start_object => sub {
            ...
        },
        end_object => sub {

        },
        start_property => sub {
            my ($name) = @_;
        },
        # ...
    );

=head1 CREATING A NEW INSTANCE

This module can operate on either an L<IO::Handle> instance or a string.

=head2 JSON::Streaming::Reader->for_stream($fh)

Create a new instance that will read from the provided L<IO::Handle> instance.
If you want to operate on a raw Perl filehandle, you currently must wrap it up in
an IO::Handle instance yourself.

=head2 JSON::Streaming::Reader->for_string(\$string)

Create a new instance that will read from the provided string. Uses L<IO::Scalar>
to make a stream-like wrapper around the string, and passes it into C<for_stream>.

=head1 CALLBACK API

The recommended way to use this library is via the callback-based API. In this
API you make a single method call on the reader object and pass it a CODE ref
for each token type. The reader object will then consume the entire stream
and call the callback responding to the type of each token it encounters.

An error token will be raised if an error is encountered during parsing.

For tokens that themselves have data, the data items will be passed in as arguments
to the callback.

The handlers for the C<start_property>, C<start_array> and C<start_object> tokens
may use the C<skip> method from the pull API, as described below, to avoid processing
the remainder of the corresponding container.

=head2 $jsonr->process_tokens(%callbacks)

Read the whole stream and call a callback corresponding to each token encountered.

=head1 PULL API

A lower-level API is provided that allows the caller to pull single tokens
from the stream as necessary. The callback API is implemented in terms of the
pull API.

=head2 $jsonr->get_token()

Get the next token from the stream and advance. If the end of the stream is reached, this
will return C<undef>. Otherwise it returns an ARRAY ref whose first member is the
token type and its subsequent members are the token type's data items, if any.

=head2 $jsonr->skip()

Quickly skip to the end of the current container. This can be used after a C<start_property>,
C<start_array> or C<start_object> token is retrieved to signal that the remainder of the
container is not actually required. The next call to get_token will return the token
that comes after the corresponding C<end_> token for the current container. The corresponding
C<end_> token is never returned.

This is most useful for skipping over unrecognised properties when populating a known
data structure.

It is better to use this method than to implement skipping in the caller because skipping
is done using a lightweight mechanism that does not need to allocate additional memory
for tokens encountered during skipping. However, since this method uses a simpler
state model it may cause less-intuitive error messages to be raised if there is a
JSON syntax error within the content that is skipped.

Note that errors encountered during skip are actually raised via C<die> rather than
via the return value as with C<get_token>.

=head2 $jsonr->slurp()

Skip to the end of the current container, capturing its value.
This allows you to handle a C<start_property>,
C<start_array> or C<start_object> token as if it were an C<add_>-type token,
dealing with its entire contents in one go.

The next call to get_token will return the token
that comes after the corresponding C<end_> token for the current container. The corresponding
C<end_> token is never returned.

The return value of this method call will be a Perl data structure
representing the data that was skipped. This uses the same mappings as other
popular Perl JSON libraries: objects become hashrefs, arrays become arrayrefs,
strings and integers become scalars, boolean values become references to either
1 or 0, and null becomes undef.

This is useful if there is a part of the tree that you would rather handle
via an in-memory data structure like you'd get from a non-streaming JSON parser.
It allows you to mix-and-match streaming parsing and one-shot parsing
within a single data stream.

Note that errors encountered during skip are actually raised via C<die> rather than
via the return value as with C<get_token>.

If you call this when in property state it will return the value of the property
and parsing will continue after the corresponding C<end_property>. In object or
array state it will return the object or array and continue after the corresponding
C<end_object> or C<end_array>.

=head1 EVENT-BASED API

This module has an experimental event-based API which can be used to
do streaming JSON processing in event-driven applications or those
which do non-blocking I/O.

In event-based mode it is the caller's responsibility to obtain data and
when data is available provide it to the reader for processing. When
enough data is available to unambigously represent a complete, atomic token
a callback function is called in a similar fashion to the callback-based API
described above.

The event-based API implementation is currently somewhat hacky and
inefficient. Caution is advised when making use of it in production
applications, since it is currently merely a shim over the existing
blocking API which may introduce strange packet-boundary bugs
and other misbehavior.

=head2 JSON::Streaming::Reader->event_based(%callbacks)

Creates and returns an event-based reader. Callbacks are provided in the same way
as to the C<process_tokens> method in the callback-based API, though
here there is an additional pseudo-token type called 'eof' which
signals that the end of the stream has been reached.

Note that at present it is not possible to use the C<skip> or C<slurp> methods
on an event-based reader, since their implementations expect
to be able to block. This ought to be fixed in a future version.

=head2 $jsonr->feed_buffer(\$data)

The caller must call this method whenever new data becomes available
for processing. A call to this method causes the reader to append
the supplied data to any existing buffer and then try to consume as
many tokens as possible from the buffer before returning. A callback
will be run for each complete token encountered in the buffer.

If the additional data does not allow a complete token to be recognised,
the reader will retain the leftover buffer and attempt parsing again
at the next call to C<feed_buffer>.

In most cases this method will be called in response to some event,
such as a notification that more data is available to read on a socket.

=head2 $jsonr->signal_eof()

The caller must call this method to signal the end of the data stream.
This will cause the parser to process any remaining bytes in the buffer,
possibly running token callbacks in the process, and then call the
special eof callback.

In most cases this method will be called in response to some event,
such as a notification that a socket stream has been closed.

=head1 TOKEN TYPES

There are two major classes of token types. Bracketing tokens enclose other tokens
and come in pairs, named with C<start_> and C<end_> prefixes. Leaf tokens stand alone
and have C<add_> prefixes.

For convenience the token type names match the method names used in the "raw" API
of L<JSON::Streaming::Writer>, so it is straightforward to implement a streaming JSON
normalizer by feeding the output from this module into the corresponding methods on that module.
However, this module does have an additional special token type 'error' which is used
to indicate tokenizing errors and does not have a corresponding method on the writer.

=head2 start_object, end_object

These token types delimit a JSON object. In a valid JSON stream an object will contain
only properties as direct children, which will result in start_property and end_property tokens.

=head2 start_array, end_array

These token types delimit a JSON array. In a valid JSON stream an object will contain
only values as direct children, which will result in one of the value token types described
below.

=head2 start_property($name), end_property

These token types delimit a JSON property. The name of the property is given as an argument.
In a valid JSON stream a start_property token will always be followed by one of the value
token types which will itself be immediately followed by an end_property token.

=head2 add_string($value)

Represents a JSON string. The value of the string is passed as an argument.

=head2 add_number($value)

Represents a JSON number. The value of the number is passed as an argument.

=head2 add_boolean($value)

Represents a JSON boolean. If it's C<true> then 1 is passed as an argument, or if C<false> 0 is passed.

=head2 add_null

Represents a JSON null.

=head2 error($string)

Indicates a tokenization error. A human-readable description of the error is included in $string.

=head1 STREAM BUFFERING

Except in event-based mode, this module doesn't do any buffering.
It expects the underlying stream to do appropriate read buffering
if necessary.

In event-based mode an internal buffer is used which retains
bytes that are not yet enough to unambiguously represent
a complete token so that it can retry when more data is available.
In this situation it is up to the caller to read from its
data source in an appropriate manner, but it is best to provide
as much data as possible in a single data notification.

=head1 LICENSE

Copyright 2009 Martin Atkins <mart@degeneration.co.uk>.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as Perl itself.