Forward::Guides::Routes::Resources - Rails like resource routing for Plack web framework developers (Perl)
Forward::Routes provides support for Rails like resource routing. The
add_resources command generates a bunch of routes that can be used to dispatch to a controller's read, create, update and delete actions and to display CRUD related forms. Framework builders are responsible to load the respective controller classes and to execute the desired controller method. Forward::Routes just generates the routes and in case of a match, provides a match object with the needed controller and action parameters.
# Routes root object my $routes = Forward::Routes->new; # Add a resource $routes->add_resources('cities'); # The following routes are generated: HTTP Path Controller Action Route name request parameter parameter method GET /cities/new Cities create_form cities_create_form GET /cities/:id Cities show cities_show GET /cities/:id/edit Cities update_form cities_update_form GET /cities/:id/delete Cities delete_form cities_delete_form GET /cities Cities index cities_index POST /cities Cities create cities_create PUT /cities/:id Cities update cities_update DELETE /cities/:id Cities delete cities_delete
Each generated route will usually dispatch to a specific method (see action parameter above) which is used to:
Action (method) Used to create_form display a form to create a new item show display an individual item update_form display a form to update an existing item delete_form display a form to confirm the deletion of an existing item index list all items create create a new item update update an existing item delete delete an existing item
Multiple resources can be created with a single
# Add multiple resources $routes->add_resources('cities', 'users', 'articles'); # equals $routes->add_resources('cities''); $routes->add_resources('users'); $routes->add_resources('articles');
Forward::Routes also supports singular resource routing. Singular resources are useful if the "id" is already known and has not to be part of the URL pattern. For example, the id might already be part of a higher level route (in case of nested routes) or could be derived from a cookie.
# Routes root object my $routes = Forward::Routes->new; my $author = $routes->add_route('author/:id'); # Add a singular resource to $author $author->add_singular_resources('contact'); # The following routes are generated on top of author/:id: HTTP Path Controller Action Route name request parameter parameter method GET /contact/new Contact create_form contact_create_form GET /contact/edit Contact update_form contact_update_form GET /contact Contact show contact_show PUT /contact Contact update contact_update POST /contact Contact create contact_create DELETE /contact Contact delete contact_delete
Resource routing is quite flexible and offers many customization options:
The internal code to generate a resource makes use of nested routes:
my $resource = $routes->add_route('cities'); # get => /cities $resource->add_route ->via('get') ->to("Cities#index") ->name('cities_index'); # post => /cities $resource->add_route ->via('post') ->to("Cities#create") ->name('cities_create'); # get => /cities/new $resource->add_route('/new') ->via('get') ->to("Cities#create_form") ->name('cities_create_form'); # nested route with id placeholder, placeholder can contain everything # but dots and slashed (constraint) my $nested = $resource->add_route(':id') ->constraints('id' => qr/[^.\/]+/); # get => /cities/paris $nested->add_route ->via('get') ->to("Cities#show") ->name('cities_show'); # put => /cities/paris $nested->add_route ->via('put') ->to("Cities#update") ->name('cities_update'); # delete => /cities/paris $nested->add_route ->via('delete') ->to("Cities#delete") ->name('cities_delete'); # get => /cities/paris/edit $nested->add_route('edit') ->via('get') ->to("Cities#update_form") ->name('cities_update_form'); # get => /cities/paris/delete $nested->add_route('delete') ->via('get') ->to("Cities#delete_form") ->name('cities_delete_form');