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btool_faq - Frequently-Asked Questions about btparse and Text::BibTeX
This document attempts to address questions that I have been asked several times, and are easy to answer -- but not by perusing the documentation. For various reasons, the answers tend to be thinly distributed across several man pages, making it difficult to figure out what's going on. Hence, this man page will attempt to tie together various strands of thought, providing quick, focused, "How do I do X?" answers as opposed to lengthy descriptions of the capabilities and conventions of the btOOL libraries.
This section covers questions that users of
Text::BibTeX, the Perl component of btOOL, have asked.
Because they're bibliography-specific, and
Text::BibTeX by default doesn't impose any assumptions about a particular type of database or data-processing domain on your entries. The problem arises when you parse entries from a file, say foo.bib that quite sensibly use the month macros (
feb, etc.) provided by the BibTeX standard style files:
$bibfile = Text::BibTeX::File->new('foo.bib') # open file or die "foo.bib: $!\n"; $entry = Text::BibTeX::Entry->new($bibfile); # parse first entry
Using this code, you might get an "undefined macro" warning for every entry parsed from foo.bib. Apart from the superficial annoyance of all those warning messages, the undefined macros are expanded as empty strings, meaning you lose any information about them---not good.
You could always kludge it and forcibly define the month macros yourself. Prior to release 0.30, this had to be done by parsing a set of fake entries, but now
Text::BibTeX provides a direct interface to the underlying macro table. You could just do this before parsing any entries:
use Text::BibTeX qw(:macrosubs); # ... my %month = (jan => 'January', feb => 'February', ... ); add_macro_text ($macro, $value) while (($macro, $value) = each %month);
But there's a better way that's more in keeping with how things are done under BibTeX (where default macros are defined in the style file): use
Text::BibTeX's object-oriented analogue to style files, called structure modules.
Text::BibTeX provides a structure module,
Text::BibTeX::Bib, that (partially) emulates the standard style files of BibTeX 0.99, including the definition of month macros. Structure modules are specified on a per-file basis by using the
set_structure method on a
Text::BibTeX::File object. It's quite simple to tell
Text::BibTeX that entries from
$bibfile are expected to conform to the
Bib structure (which is implemented by the
Text::BibTeX::Bib module, but you don't really need to know that):
$bibfile = Text::BibTeX::File->new('foo.bib') or die "foo.bib: $!\n"; $bibfile->set_structure ('Bib');
You probably shouldn't hardcode the name of a particular structure in your programs, though, as there will eventually be a multitude of structure modules to choose from (just as there are a multitude of BibTeX style files to choose from). My preferred approach is to make the structure a command-line option which defaults to
Bib (since that's the only structure actually implemented as of this writing).
Just open it in append mode, and write entries to it as usual. Remember, a
Text::BibTeX::File object is mainly a wrapper around an
IO::File object, and the
Text::BibTeX::File::open method (and thus
new as well) is just a front-end to
IO::File::open, in turn, is a front-end either to Perl's builtin
open (if called with one argument) or
sysopen (two or three arguments). To save you the trouble of going off and reading all those man pages, here's the trick: if you pass just a filename to
new method, then it's treated just like a filename passed to Perl's builtin
my $append_file = Text::BibTeX::File->new(">>$filename") or die "couldn't open $filename for appending: $!\n";
$filename for appending. If, later on, you have an entry from another file (say
$entry), then you can append it to
$append_file by just writing it as usual:
append_entries in the examples/ subdirectory of the
Text::BibTeX distribution for a complete example.
This section covers frequently-asked questions about btparse, the C component of btOOL.
Not that I know of. I haven't written one. If you do so, please let me know about it.
Greg Ward <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Copyright (c) 1997-2000 by Gregory P. Ward. All rights reserved. This file is part of the Text::BibTeX library. This library is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.