Dean Serenevy
and 1 contributors

NAME

Test::WWW::Mechanize::Driver::Manual - Writing Tests for Test::WWW::Mechanize::Driver

DESCRIPTION

Test::WWW::Mechanize::Driver Allows one to write Test::WWW::Mechanize tests in YAML. This module will load the tests make a plan and run the tests. Supports every-page tests, SKIP, TODO, and any object supporting the Test::WWW::Mechanize interface.

 # sample .t file:
 use strict; use warnings;
 use Test::WWW::Mechanize::Driver;
 use Test::More;

 my $tester = Test::WWW::Mechanize::Driver->new(
   load => [ glob( "t/*.yaml" ) ],
   add_to_plan => 10,    # optional
 );

 ok( ... ); # ... 10 of your own tests
 $tester->run;

This document focuses on the test data format. See the Test::WWW::Mechanize::Driver documentation for information about writing the perl test driver (*.t) files if you need something more fancy than the above example. Examples in this document use YAML syntax though it is possible with alternate loaders to store tests in another format such as raw perl code.

Test File Structure

Each file is called a "stream" which may consist of one or more "documents" (this is consistent with YAML terminology). Each document may be any of a scalar, hash (mapping in YAMLspeak), or array (sequence). Plain scalar documents are treated as comments and are completely ignored by the driver module. Hash documents may be used to set default settings for test documents following the hash document. Finally, array documents are test documents and contain a list of hashes which define the tests.

A simple example showing all three document types:

 --- |
 
 This is a comment document (denoted by the | following the document
 separator), ignored by Test::WWW::Mechanize::Driver. It might be used to
 describe the test file or to disable blocks of tests.
 
 ---
 
 # This is a default settings document. YAML comments (such as this one)
 # may appear here. The following line will set a default "tag" for each
 # test in this file following this document (it would not affect tests
 # before this point). [note: tags are not used by the driver, but may be
 # used by a custom "after_response" callback.]
 
 tag: basic_tests
 
 ---
 
 # This is a test document. Each item defines an arbitrary number of
 # subtests.
 
 # check title and contents in random order
 - uri: http://google.com/
   description: Google main page
   title_is: Google
   contains:
     - Advanced Search
     - Preferences
 
 # Ensure title is tested before contents
 - uri: http://yahoo.com/
   description: Yahoo main page
   actions:
     - title_is: Yahoo!
     - contains:
       - My Yahoo!
       - '<li class="mailstatus">Check your mail status:'

Test Documents

The core keys of a test group are.

uri | url

The only required parameter. Specifies the origin URI for the test group. This page will be automatically loaded by the mechanize object. "url" is an alias for "uri".

parameters | parms | params

Optional hash of parameters to send with the request.

method

Optional HTTP request method. One of GET, POST, PUT, DELETE.

description

Optional test description. Will be added to test messages.

actions

List of mechanize tests and actions to perform. As a convenience, action items may be placed in the top-level hash (along with "uri", etc.). Note, however, that actions at the top level will be executed in an arbitrary order, therefore, any actions involving form submission or that otherwise alter the mechanize object's state should be placed in the actions array.

SKIP
TODO

If included, the entire test group will be skipped or marked TODO. The value of these options will be used as the message passed to Test::Builder.

Action Items

Action item keys are Test::WWW::Mechanize test method names. The values are given as parameters to the corresponding method. The test driver defines a few aliases so that any of the content_* methoids may leave off the "content_" part. Further, the test driver knows which methods operate on only a single item (such as content_contains, title_like, ...) and will automatically and properly hand array values.

Example:

 - uri: http://google.com/
   actions:
     - title_is: Google
     - contains:
       - Advanced Search
       - Preferences
     - submit_form_ok:
         q: foo
         btnG: Google Search
     - contains:
       - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foo

is equivalent to:

 $mech->get_ok("http://google.com/");
 $mech->title_is("Google");
 $mech->content_contains("Advanced Search");
 $mech->content_contains("Preferences");
 $mech->submit_form_ok({ q => "foo", btnG => "Google Search" });
 $mech->content_contains("en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foo");

Note, the above YAML could have been written:

 - uri: http://google.com/
   title_is: Google
   contains:
     - Advanced Search
     - Preferences
   actions:
     - submit_form_ok:
         q: foo
         btnG: Google Search
     - contains:
       - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foo

In which case the title_is and first pair of content_contains tests would have run first in random order, but the form submission and final content_contains test would be performed afterward in the proper order.

Mechanize Actions

Mechanize actions may be placed into the action list as long as they have a true value in %Test::WWW::Mechanize::Driver::mech_action. ARRAY or HASH values undergo exactly one level of "unwrapping".

 # calls $mechanize->foo( "bar", "baz" )
 foo:
   - bar
   - baz

 # calls $mechanize->foo( ["bar", "baz"] )
 foo:
   -
     - bar
     - baz

Magic Values (applying templates, posting files)

By placing object references which overload stringification into your test descriptions, you can upload external files or create dynamic templated parameters.

The YAML syntax for blessing an object is: !!perl/REFTYPE:PACKAGE. Test::WWW::Mechanize::Driver defines three classes:

FileContents

Stringifies to file contents. Files are read in binmode. Sample usage:

 - uri: http://example.com/uploader
   method: PUT
   parameters:
     myfile: !!perl/scalar:FileContents t/test-file.pdf

ApplyTemplate

Fills in a string using Template.pm.

 - uri: http://example.com/schedule
   parameters:
     date: !!perl/scalar:ApplyTemplate '[% today.strftime("%Y-%m-%d") %]'

Some variables will be made available to the template:

t

The test group object. Includes all keys defined in the test suite (uri, parameters, description, ...) including custom keys. Is the same object passed to the after_request callback so any modifications made there will be available as well.

now

The current date as a DateTime object.

Stacked

This class takes an array reference and blesses the 0th entry into the class named in the 1st entry. It then stringifies the result and repeats the process with the class given in the next entry. Arbitrarily many classes may be stacked in this way.

 - uri: http://example.com/message
   method: POST
   user_name: Bob Smiley
   parameters:
     message: !!perl/array:Stacked [ t/test-message.tt, FileContents, ApplyTemplate ]

Sample contents of test-message.tt:

 Dude, this webpage rocks! - [% t.user_name %]

AUTHOR

The original version of this code written by Dean Serenevy while under contract with National Financial Management who graciously allowed me to release it to the public.

 Dean Serenevy
 dean@serenevy.net
 http://dean.serenevy.net/

LICENSE

This software is hereby placed into the public domain. If you use this code, a simple comment in your code giving credit and an email letting me know that you find it useful would be courteous but is not required.

The software is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall the authors or copyright holders be liable for any claim, damages or other liability, whether in an action of contract, tort or otherwise, arising from, out of or in connection with the software or the use or other dealings in the software.

SEE ALSO

WWW::Mechanize, Test::WWW::Mechanize, Test::WWW::Mechanize::Driver

1 POD Error

The following errors were encountered while parsing the POD:

Around line 125:

=back doesn't take any parameters, but you said =back 4