install.pod - how to install WordNet::SenseRelate::TargetWord


 perl Makefile.PL


 make test

 make install



You need to have WordNet (version 1.7.1 or later, 2.0 preferred), WordNet::QueryData (version 1.30 or later), WordNet::Similarity (latest version preferred), XML::Parser (version 2.34 or later) installed. Optionally, you should also have Gtk+ (version 1.2.x) and Gtk::Perl installed, to be able to use the graphical interfaces provided.

WordNet is available at

WordNet::QueryData is available from

WordNet::Similarity is available from

XML::Parser is available from

Gtk is available from

Gtk::Perl is available from

You should set the WNHOME environment variable to the location where you have WordNet installed; see the WordNet::QueryData documentation for more information.


The usual way to install the package is to run the following commands:

 perl Makefile.PL


 make test

 make install

If you can't set the WNHOME environment variable, you can use the WNHOME option when running perl Makefile.PL. For example,

 perl Makefile.PL WNHOME=/usr/local/WordNet-2.0

You will often need root access/superuser priviledges to run make install. The module can also be installed locally. To do a local install, you need to specify a PREFIX option when you run 'perl Makefile.PL'. For example,

 perl Makefile.PL PREFIX=/home/sid


 perl Makefile.PL LIB=/home/sid/lib PREFIX=/home/sid

will install Similarity into /home/sid. The first method above will install the modules in /home/sid/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.8.3 (assuming you are using version 5.8.3 of Perl; otherwise, the directory will be slightly different). The second method will install the modules in /home/sid/lib. In either case the executable scripts will be installed in /home/sid/bin and the man pages will be installed in /home/sid/share.

In your Perl programs that you may write using the modules, you may need to add a line like so

 use lib '/home/sid/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.8.3';

if you used the first method or

 use lib '/home/sid/lib';

if you used the second method. By doing this, the installed modules are found by your program. To run the program, you would need to do

 perl -I/home/sid/lib/perl5/site_perl/5.8.3


 perl -I/home/sid/lib

Of course, you could also add the 'use lib' line to the top of the program yourself. You will need to replace 5.8.3 with whatever version of Perl you are using. The preceeding instructions should be sufficient for standard and slightly non-standard installations. However, if you need to modify other makefile options you should look at the ExtUtils::MakeMaker documentation. Modifying other makefile options is not recommended unless you really, absolutely, and completely know what you're doing!

Alternatively, you could also set the PERL5LIB environment variable to indicate the location of the Perl modules.

NOTE: If one (or more) of the tests run by 'make test' fails, you will see a summary of the tests that failed, followed by a message of the form "make: *** [test_dynamic] Error Y" where Y is a number between 1 and 255 (inclusive). If the number is less than 255, then it indicates how many test failed (if more than 254 tests failed, then 254 will still be shown). If one or more tests died, then 255 will be shown. For more details, see:

System Requirements

  1. Perl version 5.6 or later. This package has been written in Perl, which is freely available from This package assumes that Perl is installed in the directory /usr/local/bin. If this is where Perl is on your computer, then the support programs can be run directly at the command line as ' ...' or '', etc. However, if Perl is not installed at this location, you would need to explicitly invoke them as 'perl ... ' or 'perl', etc.

  2. WordNet: The modules are based on WordNet. WordNet must be installed on your system. WordNet is freely downloadable from WordNet version 2.0 was used during the development and testing of the package; however, it should work with other versions of WordNet as well. The WordNet::QueryData Perl module is used to access WordNet. This module requires that an environment variable 'WNHOME', containing the path to the WordNet files, be set up. For further details, please see the WordNet::QueryData documentation.

  3. WordNet::QueryData: This is the Perl interface to WordNet written by Jason Rennie. QueryData should be accessible on the @INC path of Perl. (Can be freely downloaded from QueryData 1.31 was used during the development. Also we observed that that due to some major changes in QueryData from its previous versions, this software does not work with the earlier versions of QueryData. If you have an earlier version of QueryData (1.29 or earlier) you may need to upgrade QueryData.

  4. WordNet::Similarity: This module is used by some of the WordNet::SenseRelate::Algorithm modules while performing the disambiguation. You can get this package from

  5. XML::Parser: The Senseval2 lexical sample data set is provided in an XML format. The XML::Parser package is required to parse these files. XML::Parser is available from

  6. Gtk+ and Gtk::Perl: Graphical interfaces to the modules have been included among the tools. These interfaces require that Gtk+ (The GIMP Toolkit) and its Perl library Gtk::Perl be installed on the system. Gtk+ is available from and Gtk::Perl is available from


 Ted Pedersen, University of Minnesota Duluth
 tpederse at

 Siddharth Patwardhan, University of Utah, Salt Lake City
 sidd at

 Satanjeev Banerjee, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh
 banerjee+ at


intro.pod modules.pod


Copyright (C) 2005 Ted Pedersen, Siddharth Patwardhan, and Satanjeev Banerjee

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts.

Note: a copy of the GNU Free Documentation License is available on the web at and is included in this distribution as FDL.txt.