Alberto Simões 🐪


XML::Writer::Simple - Create XML files easily!


    use XML::Writer::Simple dtd => "file.dtd";

    print xml_header(encoding => 'iso-8859-1');
    print para("foo",b("bar"),"zbr");

    # if you want CGI but you do not want CGI :)
    use XML::Writer::Simple ':html';


This module takes some ideas from CGI to make easier the life for those who need to generated XML code. You can use the module in three flavours (or combine them):


When importing the module you can specify the tags you will be using:

  use XML::Writer::Simple tags => [qw/p b i tt/];

  print p("Hey, ",b("you"),"! ", i("Yes ", b("you")));

that will generate

 <p>Hey <b>you</b>! <i>Yes <b>you</b></i></p>

You can supply a DTD, that will be analyzed, and the tags used:

  use XML::Writer::Simple dtd => "tmx.dtd";

  print tu(seg("foo"),seg("bar"));

You can supply an XML (or a reference to a list of XML files). They will be parsed, and the tags used:

  use XML::Writer::Simple xml => "foo.xml";

  print foo("bar");

You can supply an 'partial' key, to generate prototypes for partial tags construction. For instance:

  use XML::Writer::Simple tags => qw/foo bar/, partial => 1;

  print start_foo;
  print ...
  print end_foo;

You can also use tagsets, where sets of tags from a well known format are imported. For example, to use HTML:

   use XML::Writer::Simple ':html';


This module export one function for each element at the dtd or xml file you are using. See below for details.



Used when you 'use' the module, should not be used directly.


This function returns the xml header string, without encoding definition, with a trailing new line. Default XML encoding should be UTF-8, by the way.

You can force an encoding passing it as argument:

  print xml_header(encoding=>'iso-8859-1');


Used to specify a powertag. For instance:


  ul_li([qw/foo bar zbr ugh/]);

will generate


You can also supply this information when loading the module, with

  use XML::Writer::Simple powertags=>["ul_li","ol_li"];

Powertags support three level tags as well:

  use XML::Writer::Simple powertags=>["table_tr_td"];

  print table_tr_td(['a','b','c'],['d','e','f']);


To use the special characters <, > and & on your PCDATA content you need to protect them. You can either do that yourself or call this function.

   print f(quote_entities("a < b"));


Alberto Simões, <>


Please report any bugs or feature requests to, or through the web interface at I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.


Copyright 1999-2012 Project Natura.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.