Author image Michael Shipper
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Data::Range::Compare::Stream::Cookbook::COMPARE_IPV4 - IPV4 Howto for Data::Range::Compare::Stream


This section covers how to create a compare class that can handle ipv4 ranges.

Special notes

One thing to keep in mind when dealing with IPV4 data: There are alot of valid formats! With that in mind the internals of Data::Range::Compare::Stream process integers, wich for the most part will handle just about everything we need wth 2 exceptions.

These 2 examples work with integers but do not work with IPV4 address ranges

Less than 0:

  0/0 -1

Greater than 0xffffffff: + 1

The solution is to add add some sanity checking into our Range class

Parsing ranges

Data::Range::Compare::Stream handles integers, but not notations and processing integers is always faster than converting strings on the fly.

The solution is to add a parser interface into our base class.

Implementing a new Data::Range::Compare::Stream class

Example package

  package Data::Range::Compare::Stream::IPV4;
  use strict;
  use warnings;
  use Data::IPV4::Range::Parse qw(auto_parse_ipv4_range int_to_ip ALL_BITS);
  use base qw(Data::Range::Compare::Stream);
  use constant NEW_FROM_CLASS=>'Data::Range::Compare::Stream::IPV4';
  # our sanity checking consists of 2 parts
  # 1. overloading the bool operator
  # 2. creating our boolean function
  # Sanity check 1
  # overloading the default bool operator and defining our boolean function
  use overload
  # Sanity check 2
  sub boolean {
    my ($self)=@_;
    return -4 unless defined($self->range_start);
    return -3 unless defined($self->range_end);
    return -2 if $self->cmp_values($self->range_start,$self->range_end)==1;
    return -1 if $self->cmp_values($self->range_end,ALL_BITS)==1;
    return 0 if $self->cmp_values(0,$self->range_start)==1;
  sub parse_range {
    my ($class,@args)=@_;
    my ($start,$end)= auto_parse_ipv4_range(@args);
    print $class->NEW_FROM_CLASS,"\n";
    return $class->NEW_FROM_CLASS->new($start,$end);
  sub range_start_to_string () {
    my ($self)=@_;
    return int_to_ip($self->range_start);
  sub range_end_to_string () {
    my ($self)=@_;
    return int_to_ip($self->range_end);

Putting it all togeather

Now we can use the new Compare package to handle processing our IPV4 Ranges

  use strict;
  use warnings;
  use Data::IPV4::Range::Parse qw(ALL_BITS);
  use Data::Range::Compare::Stream::IPV4;
  # parse and check a valid range
  my $range_a=Data::Range::Compare::Stream::IPV4->parse_range('0/0');
  if($range_a) {
    print "yes [$range_a] is valid\n";
  # parse and check an invalid cidr
  my $range_b=Data::Range::Compare::Stream::IPV4->parse_range('0/');
  unless($range_b) {
    print "no range_b is not valid!\n";
  # build a new valid instance from integers
  my $range_c=new Data::Range::Compare::Stream::IPV4(0,11);
  if($range_c) {
    print "yes [$range_c] is valid\n";
  # build an new range with the start value as invalid
  my $range_d=new Data::Range::Compare::Stream::IPV4(-1,11);
  unless($range_d) {
    print "No range_d is no valid\n";
  # build an new range with the end value as invalid
  my $range_e=new Data::Range::Compare::Stream::IPV4(0,(ALL_BITS + 1));
  unless($range_e) {
    print "No range_e is no valid\n";


Michael Shipper

Source-Forge Project

As of version 0.001 the Project has been moved to

Data Range Compare


Copyright 2011 Michael Shipper. All rights reserved.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.