☺唐鳳☻
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NAME

HTML::Entities - Encode or decode strings with HTML entities

SYNOPSIS

 use HTML::Entities;

 $a = "Våre norske tegn bør &#230res";
 decode_entities($a);
 encode_entities($a, "\200-\377");

For example, this:

 $input = "vis-à-vis Beyoncé's naïve\npapier-mâché résumé";
 print encode_entities($in), "\n"

Prints this out:

 vis-à-vis Beyoncé's naïve
 papier-mâché résumé

DESCRIPTION

Note: at the current time, this is a work in progress to test Pugs' features. It does not (yet) behave quite like the old HTML::Entities. Until we have it stabilized, these docs will not be updated. The tests that are passing represent the current working features.

This module deals with encoding and decoding of strings with HTML character entities. The module provides the following functions:

decode_entities( $string, ... )

This routine replaces HTML entities found in the $string with the corresponding Unicode character. Under perl 5.6 and earlier only characters in the Latin-1 range are replaced. Unrecognized entities are left alone.

If multiple strings are provided as argument they are each decoded separately and the same number of strings are returned.

If called in void context the arguments are decoded in-place.

This routine is exported by default.

_decode_entities( $string, \%entity_to_char )
_decode_entities( $string, \%entity_to_char, $allow_unterminated )

This will in-place replace HTML entities in $string. The %entity_to_char hash must be provided. Named entities not found in the %entity_to_char hash are left alone. Numeric entities are always expanded.

If $allow_unterminated is TRUE then we also unterminated named entities will also be expanded. The longest matching name in %entity_to_char will be used.

   $string = "foo&nbspbar";
   _decode_entities($string, { nb => "@", nbsp => "\xA0" }, 1);
   print $string;  # will print "foo bar"

This routine is exported by default.

encode_entities( $string )
encode_entities( $string, $unsafe_chars )

This routine replaces unsafe characters in $string with their entity representation. A second argument can be given to specify which characters to consider unsafe (i.e., which to escape). The default set of characters to encode are control chars, high-bit chars, and the <, &, >, and " characters. But this, for example, would encode just the <, &, >, and " characters:

  $escaped = encode_entities($input, '<>&"');

This routine is exported by default.

encode_entities_numeric( $string )
encode_entities_numeric( $string, $unsafe_chars )

This routine works just like encode_entities, except that the replacement entities are always &#xhexnum; and never &entname;. For example, escape_entities("r\xF4le") returns "r&ocirc;le", but escape_entities_numeric("r\xF4le") returns "r&#xF4;le".

This routine is not exported by default. But you can always export it with use HTML::Entities qw(encode_entities_numeric); or even use HTML::Entities qw(:DEFAULT encode_entities_numeric);

All these routines modify the string passed as the first argument, if called in a void context. In scalar and array contexts, the encoded or decoded string is returned (without changing the input string).

If you prefer not to import these routines into your namespace, you can call them as:

  use HTML::Entities ();
  $decoded = HTML::Entities::decode($a);
  $encoded = HTML::Entities::encode($a);
  $encoded = HTML::Entities::encode_numeric($a);

The module can also export the %char_to_entity and the %entity_to_char hashes, which contain the mapping from all characters to the corresponding entities (and vice versa, respectively).

AUTHOR

Gigle Aas. Ported to Pugs by Curtis "Ovid" Poe.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 1995-2004 Gisle Aas. All rights reserved.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

1 POD Error

The following errors were encountered while parsing the POD:

Around line 379:

Non-ASCII character seen before =encoding in '"vis-à-vis'. Assuming UTF-8