Ewan Birney

NAME

Bio::AnnotationI - Annotation interface

SYNOPSIS

  # generally you get AnnotationI's from AnnotationCollectionI's

   foreach $key ( $ac->get_all_annotation_keys() ) {
       @values = $ac->get_Annotations($key);
       foreach $value ( @values ) {
          # value is an Bio::AnnotationI, and defines a "as_text" method
          print "Annotation ",$key," stringified value ",$value->as_text,"\n";
          # you can also use a generic hash_tree method for getting 
          # stuff out say into XML format
          $hash_tree = $value->hash_tree();
       }
   } 

DESCRIPTION

Interface all annotations must support. There are two things that each annotation has to support.

  $annotation->as_text()

Annotations have to support an "as_text" method. This should be a single text string, without newlines representing the annotation, mainly for human readability. It is not aimed at being able to store/represent the annotation

The second method allows annotations to at least attempt to represent themselves as pure data for storage/display/whatever. The method hash_tree

   $hash = $annotation->hash_tree();

should return an anonymous hash with "XML-like" formatting. The formatting is as follows.

  (1) For each key in the hash, if the value is a reference'd array -

      (2) For each element of the array if the value is a object - 
          Assumme the object has the method "hash_tree";
      (3) else if the value is a referene to a hash
          Recurse again from point (1)
      (4) else 
          Assumme the value is a scalar, and handle it directly as text

   (5) else (if not an array) apply rules 2,3 and 4 to value

The XML path in tags is represented by the keys taken in the hashes. When arrays are encountered they are all present in the path level of this tag

This is a pretty "natural" representation of an object tree in an XML style, without forcing everything to inheriet off some super-generic interface for representing things in the hash.

FEEDBACK

Mailing Lists

User feedback is an integral part of the evolution of this and other Bioperl modules. Send your comments and suggestions preferably to one of the Bioperl mailing lists. Your participation is much appreciated.

  bioperl-l@bio.perl.org

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs to the Bioperl bug tracking system to help us keep track the bugs and their resolution. Bug reports can be submitted via email or the web:

  bioperl-bugs@bio.perl.org
  http://bio.perl.org/bioperl-bugs/

AUTHOR - Ewan Birney

Email birney@ebi.ac.uk

Describe contact details here

APPENDIX

The rest of the documentation details each of the object methods. Internal methods are usually preceded with a _

as_text

 Title   : as_text
 Usage   :
 Function:
 Example :
 Returns : 
 Args    :

hash_tree

 Title   : hash_tree
 Usage   :
 Function:
 Example :
 Returns : 
 Args    :