Ewan Birney


Bio::LocatableSeq - A Sequence object with start/end points on it that can be projected into a MSA or have coordinates relative to another seq.


    use Bio::LocatableSeq;
    my $seq = new Bio::LocatableSeq(-seq => "CAGT-GGT",
                                    -id  => "seq1",
                                    -start => 1,
                                    -end   => 7);


    # a normal sequence object

    # has start,end points

    # inheriets off RangeI, so range operations possible


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The locatable sequence object was developed mainly because the SimpleAlign object requires this functionality, and in the rewrite of the Sequence object we had to decide what to do with this.

It is, to be honest, not well integrated with the rest of bioperl, for example, the trunc() function does not return a LocatableSeq object, as some might have thought. There are all sorts of nasty gotcha's about interactions between coordinate systems when these sort of objects are used.

Reporting Bugs

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The rest of the documentation details each of the object methods. Internal methods are usually preceded with a _


 Title   : start
 Usage   : $obj->start($newval)
 Returns : value of start
 Args    : newvalue (optional)


 Title   : end
 Usage   : $obj->end($newval)
 Returns : value of end
 Args    : newvalue (optional)


 Title   : strand
 Usage   : $obj->strand($newval)
 Returns : value of strand
 Args    : newvalue (optional)


 Title   : get_nse
 Usage   :
 Function: read-only name of form id/start-end 
 Example :
 Returns : 
 Args    :


 Title   : no_gaps
 Usage   :$self->no_gaps('.')

           Gets number of gaps in the sequence. The count excludes
           leading or trailing gap characters.

           Valid bioperl sequence characters are [A-Za-z\-\.\*]. Of
           these, '.' and '-' are counted as gap characters unless an
           optional argument specifies one of them. 

 Returns : number of internal gaps in the sequnce. 
 Args    : a gap character (optional)


 Title   : column_from_residue_number
 Usage   : $col = $seq->column_from_residue_number($resnumber)

           This function gives the position in the alignment
           (i.e. column number) of the given residue number in the
           sequence. For example, for the sequence

             Seq1/91-97 AC..DEF.GH

           column_from_residue_number(94) returns 5.

           An exception is thrown if the residue number would lie
           outside the length of the aligment
           (e.g. column_from_residue_number( "Seq2", 22 )

 Returns : A column number for the position of the
           given residue in the given sequence (1 = first column)
 Args    : A residue number in the whole sequence (not just that
           segment of it in the alignment)


 Title   : location_from_column
 Usage   : $loc = $ali->location_from_column( $seq_number, $column_number)

           This function gives the residue number in the sequence with
           the given name for a given position in the alignment
           (i.e. column number) of the given. Gaps complicate this
           process and force the output to be a L<Bio::Range> where
           values can be undefined. For example, for the alignment

             Seq1/91-97 AC..DEF.G.
             Seq2/1-9   .CYHDEFKGK

           location_from_column( Seq1/91-97, 3 ) position 93
           location_from_column( Seq1/91-97, 2 ) position 92^93
           location_from_column( Seq1/91-97, 10) position 97^98
           location_from_column( Seq2/1-9, 1 )   position undef

           An exact position returns a Bio::Location::Simple
           object, a position between bases returns a
           Bio::Location::Fuzzy object where loc_type() returns
           'BETWEEN'. Column before the first residue returns
           undef. Note that if the position is after the last residue
           in the alignment, that there is no guarantee that the
           original sequence has residues after that position.

           An exception is thrown if the column number is not within
           the sequence.

 Returns : Bio::Location::Simple or Bio::Location::Fuzzy object or
 Args    : A column number
 Throws  : If column is not within the sequence

See Bio::Location::Simple, Bio::Location::Fuzzy for more.