Ben Bullock

NAME

Geo::Postcodes::JP::Process - process Japan Post Office postcode data

read_ken_all

    my $postcodes_ref = read_ken_all ('KEN_ALL.CSV');

Read the file KEN_ALL.CSV. The return value is an array reference containing the lines of the postcode file in the same order as the file itself. The routine issues a fatal error if a problem is encountered.

The return value is a double indexed array.

process_line

    my %values = process_line ($line);

Turn a line of the postcode file into a hash of its values.

The values of the hash are

number

The JIS code number for the region. The JIS standards for regions ofJapan are numbered JIS X 0401 (1973) for the prefecture identificationcodes, and JIS X0402 (2003) identification codes for cities, towns andvillages.

old_postcode

The old three or five digit postcode.

new_postcode

The new seven digit postcode.

ken_kana

The kana version of the prefecture.

city_kana

The kana version of the city.

address_kana

The kana version of the address.

ken_kanji

The kanji version of the prefecture.

city_kanji

The kanji version of the city.

address_kanji

The kanji version of the address.

one-region-multiple-postcodes

This is 1 if the same address has more than one postcode, zerootherwise.

numbering-start

Indicates if numbering starts, 1 if so.

has-choume

Indicates there is a division into "choume".

one-postcode-multiple-regions

This is 1 if the same postcode covers more than one region, zerootherwise.

koushin-no-hyouji

0 = no change, 1 = change, 2 = delete

henkou-riyuu

Reason for change.

See also the Japan Post explanation of the KEN_ALL.CSV file in Japanese.

concatenate_multi_line

    $postcodes = concatenate_multi_line ($postcodes);

Concatenate single entries which are spread on multiple lines.

find_duplicates

    my $duplicates = find_duplicates ();

Make a hash whose keys are postcodes which have duplicate references, and whose values are array references to arrays of offsets in the postcode file.

read_jigyosyo

    my $jigyosyo_data = read_jigyosyo ('/path/to/jigyosyo/csv/file');

process_jigyosyo_line

    my %values = process_jigyosyo_line ($line);

Turn the array reference $line into a hash of its values using the fields.

The values of the hash are

number

As for the main postcode file.

kana

The name of the place of business in kana.

kanji

The name of the place of business in kanji.

ken_kanji

The kanji version of the prefecture name.

city_kanji

The kanji version of the city name.

address_kanji

The kanji version of the address name.

street_number

The exact street number of the place of business.

new_postcode

As for the "ken_all" fields.

old_postcode

As for the "ken_all" fields.

post-office

The post office which handles mail for this postcode.

type

0=Large company1=Private

multiple-postcode

0=Not multiple, also 1,2,3.

Alteration code

0=No change1=New addition2=Deleted

See also the Japan Post explanation of the JIGYOSYO.CSV file in Japanese.

TERMINOLOGY

postcode

In this module, "postcode" is the translation used for the Japanese term "yuubin bangou" (郵便番号). They might be called "postal codes" or even "zip codes" by some.

This module only deals with the seven-digit modern postcodes. It does not deal with the old three and five digit postcodes, these are not parsed from the file.

ken

"Ken" means the Japanese system of prefectures, which includes the "ken" divisions as well as the "do/fu/to" divisions, with "do" used for Hokkaido, "fu" for Osaka and Kyoto, and "to" for the Tokyo metropolis. These are got from the module using the word "ken".

See also the sci.lang.japan FAQ on Japanese addresses.

city

In this module, "city" is the term used to point to the second field in the postcode data file. Some of these are actually cities, like "Mito-shi" (水戸市), the city of Mito in Ibaraki prefecture. However, some of them are not really cities but other geographical subdivisions.

address

In this module, "address" is the term used to point to the third field in the postcode data file. This is called 町域 (chouiki) by the Post Office.

jigyosyo

In this module, "jigyosyo" is the term used to point to places of business. Some places of business have their own postcodes,

For example, in the following data file entry, "3100004" is the postcode, "茨城県" (Ibaraki-ken) is the "ken", "水戸市" (Mito-shi) is the "city", and "青柳町" (Aoyagicho) is the "address".

08201,"310 ","3100004","イバラキケン","ミトシ","アオヤギチョウ","茨城県","水戸市","青柳町",0,0,0,0,0,0

SEE ALSO

Number::ZipCode::JP - validate Japanese zip-codes.

AUTHOR

Ben Bullock, <bkb@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Geo::Postcodes::JP and associated files are copyright (c) 2012 Ben Bullock.

You may use, copy, modify and distribute Geo::Postcodes::JP under the same terms as the Perl programming language itself.

2 POD Errors

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