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1 non-PAUSE user(s).

David Leadbeater

NAME

AnyEvent::Redis - Non-blocking Redis client

SYNOPSIS

  use AnyEvent::Redis;

  my $redis = AnyEvent::Redis->new(
      host => '127.0.0.1',
      port => 6379,
      encoding => 'utf8',
      on_error => sub { warn @_ },
      on_cleanup => sub { warn "Connection closed: @_" },
  );

  # callback based
  $redis->set( 'foo'=> 'bar', sub { warn "SET!" } );
  $redis->get( 'foo', sub { my $value = shift } );

  my ($key, $value) = ('list_key', 123);
  $redis->lpush( $key, $value );
  $redis->lpop( $key, sub { my $value = shift });

  # condvar based
  my $cv = $redis->lpop( $key );
  $cv->cb(sub { my $value = $_[0]->recv });

DESCRIPTION

AnyEvent::Redis is a non-blocking (event-driven) Redis client.

This module is an AnyEvent user; you must install and use a supported event loop.

ESTABLISHING A CONNECTION

To create a new connection, use the new() method with the following attributes:

host => <HOSTNAME>

Required. The hostname or literal address of the server.

port => <PORT>

Optional. The server port.

encoding => <ENCODING>

Optional. Encode and decode data (when storing and retrieving, respectively) according to ENCODING ("utf8" is recommended or see Encode::Supported for details on possible ENCODING values).

Omit if you intend to handle raw binary data with this connection.

on_error => $cb->($errmsg)

Optional. Callback that will be fired if a connection or database-level error occurs. The error message will be passed to the callback as the sole argument.

on_cleanup => $cb->($errmsg)

Optional. Callback that will be fired if a connection error occurs. The error message will be passed to the callback as the sole argument. After this callback, errors will be reported for all outstanding requests.

METHODS

All methods supported by your version of Redis should be supported.

Normal commands

There are two alternative approaches for handling results from commands:

  • AnyEvent::CondVar based:

      my $cv = $redis->command(
        # arguments to command
      );
    
      # Then...
      my $res;
      eval { 
          # Could die()
          $res = $cv->recv;
      }; 
      warn $@ if $@;
    
      # or...
      $cv->cb(sub {
        my ($cv) = @_;
        my ($result, $err) = $cv->recv
      });
  • Callback:

      $redis->command(
        # arguments,
        sub {
          my ($result, $err) = @_;
        });

    (Callback is a wrapper around the $cv approach.)

Transactions (MULTI/EXEC)

Redis transactions begin with a "multi" command and end with an "exec" command. Commands in between are not executed immediately when they're sent. On receipt of the "exec", the server executes all the saved commands atomically, and returns all their results as one bulk reply.

After a transaction is finished, results for each individual command are reported in the usual way. Thus, by the time any of these callbacks is called, the entire transaction is finished for better or worse.

Results of the "exec" (containing all the other results) will be returned as an array reference containing all of the individual results. This may in some cases make callbacks on the individual commands unnecessary, or vice versa. In this bulk reply, errors reported for each individual command are represented by objects of class AnyEvent::Redis::Error, which will respond to a ->message method call with that error message.

It is not permitted to nest transactions. This module does not permit subscription-related commands in a transaction.

Subscriptions

The subscription methods (subscribe and psubscribe) must be used with a callback:

  my $cv = $redis->subscribe("test", sub {
    my ($message, $channel[, $actual_channel]) = @_;
    # ($actual_channel is provided for pattern subscriptions.)
  });

The $cv condition will be met on unsubscribing from the channel.

Due to limitations of the Redis protocol the only valid commands on a connection with an active subscription are subscribe and unsubscribe commands.

Common methods

  • get

  • set

  • hset

  • hget

  • lpush

  • lpop

The Redis command reference (http://redis.io/commands) lists all commands Redis supports.

REQUIREMENTS

This requires Redis >= 1.2.

COPYRIGHT

Tatsuhiko Miyagawa <miyagawa@bulknews.net> 2009-

LICENSE

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

AUTHORS

Tatsuhiko Miyagawa

David Leadbeater

Chia-liang Kao

franck cuny

Lee Aylward

Joshua Barratt

Jeremy Zawodny

Leon Brocard

Michael S. Fischer

Chip Salzenberg

SEE ALSO

Redis, AnyEvent




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