- Options Details
- Sqitch Commands
- See Also
sqitch - Sane database change management
sqitch [<options>] <command> [<command-options>] [<args>]
- No opinions
Sqitch is not integrated with any framework, ORM, or platform. Rather, it is a standalone change management system with no opinions on your database or development choices.
- Native scripting
- Dependency resolution
Database changes may declare dependencies on other changes. This ensures proper order of execution, even when you've committed changes to your VCS out-of-order.
- No numbering
Change deployment is managed by maintaining a plan file. As such, there is no need to number your changes, although you can if you want. Sqitch doesn't much care how you name your changes.
A named unit of change. A change name must be used in the file names of its deployment and a reversion scripts. It may also be used in a test script file name.
A known deployment state, pointing to a single change, typically corresponding to a release. Think of it is a version number or VCS revision. A given point in the plan may have any number of tags.
The current state of the database. This is represented by the most recently-deployed change. If the state of the database is the same as the most recent change, then it is considered "up-to-date".
A list of one or more changes and their dependencies that define the order of deployment execution. The plan is stored in a "plan file," usually named sqitch.plan. Sqitch reads the plan file to determine what changes to execute to change the database from one state to another.
The act of adding a change to the plan. Sqitch will generate scripts for the change, which you then may modify with the necessary code (typically DDLs) to actually make, revert, and test the change.
The act of deploying changes to a database. Sqitch reads the plan, checks the current state of the database, and applies all the changes necessary to either bring the database up-to-date or to a requested state (a change name or tag).
The act of reverting database changes to reach an earlier deployment state. Sqitch reads the list of deployed changes from the database and reverts them in the reverse of the order in which they were applied. All changes may be reverted, or changes may be reverted to a requested state (a change name or tag).
--plan-file FILE Path to a deployment plan file. --engine ENGINE Database engine. --client PATH Path to the engine command-line client. -d --db-name NAME Database name. -u --username USER Database user name. --host HOST Database server host name. --port PORT Database server port number. --uri URI Project unique identifier. --top-dir DIR Path to directory with plan and scripts. --deploy-dir DIR Path to directory with deployment scripts. --revert-dir DIR Path to directory with reversion scripts. --test-dir DIR Path to directory with test scripts. --extension EXT SQL script file name extension. --etc-path Print the path to the etc directory and exit. --quiet Quiet mode with non-error output suppressed. --verbose Increment verbosity. --version Print the version number and exit. --help Print a usage statement and exit. --man Print the complete documentation and exit.
sqitch --plan-file plan.txt
Path to the deployment plan file. Defaults to $top_dir/sqitch.plan. See "Plan File" for a description of its structure.
sqitch --engine pg
The database engine to use. Supported engines include:
sqitch --client /usr/local/pgsql/bin/psql
Path to the command-line client for the database engine. Defaults to a client in the current path named appropriately for the specified engine.
sqitch --db-name widgets sqitch -d bricolage
sqitch --username root sqitch --user postgres sqitch -u Mom
User name to use when connecting to the database. Does not apply to all engines.
sqitch --host db.example.com
Host name to use when connecting to the database. Does not apply to all engines.
sqitch --port 7654
Port number to connect to. Does not apply to all engines.
sqitch --uri https://github.com/theory/sqitch/
A uniform resource identifier that uniquely identifies the project. Used to generate unique IDs for project changes, and so should be consistently used in the project. Thus it it is probably best set as a local configuration setting (
sqitch --top-dir migrations/
Path to directory containing deployment, reversion, and test SQL scripts. It should contain subdirectories named
revert, and (optionally)
test. These may be overridden by
--test-dir. Defaults to
sqitch --deploy-dir db/up
Path to a directory containing SQL deployment scripts. Overrides the value implied by
sqitch --revert-dir db/up
Path to a directory containing SQL reversion scripts. Overrides the value implied by
sqitch --test-dir db/t
Path to a directory containing SQL test scripts. Overrides the value implied by
sqitch --extension ddl
The file name extension on deployment, reversion, and test SQL scripts. Defaults to
Print out the path to the Sqitch etc directory and exit. This is the directory where the system-wide configuration file lives, as well as deployment script templates.
Suppress normal output messages. Error messages will still be emitted to
STDERR. Overrides any value specified by
sqitch --verbose --verbose
A value between 0 and 3 specifying how verbose Sqitch should be. Unless
--quietis specified, the default is 1, meaning that Sqitch will output basic status messages as it does its thing. Values of 2 and 3 each cause greater verbosity. Ignored if
Outputs a brief description of the options supported by
Outputs this documentation and exits.
Outputs the program name and version and exits.
Create the plan file and directories for deploy, revert, and test scripts if they do not already exist. This command is useful for starting a new Sqitch project.
Output information about the current deployment state of a database, including the name of the last deployed change, as well as any tags applied to it. If any changes in the plan have not been deployed, they will be listed separately.
*Not yet implemented.
Output the complete change history in reverse chronological order. Options:
Show only the specified change, which may be provided as a change name, ID, or tag.
Limit the number of changes to show.
Skip the specified number changes before starting to show the log output.
Show changes more recent than a specific date.
Show changes older than a specific date.
Limit the changes output to ones where the user name matches the specified pattern (regular expression).
Output the changes in reverse sort order.
The format to use. The value may be any one of:
*Not yet implemented.
Sanity check the deployment scripts. Checks include:
Make sure all deploy scripts have complementary revert scripts.
Add a new change.
List tags or tag the latest change.
Rework an existing change.
*Not yet implemented.
Test changes. All SQL scripts in
--test-dirwill be run. [XXX Not sure whether to have subdirectories for tests and expected output and to diff them, or to use some other approach.]
Get and set project, user, or system Sqitch options.
*Not yet implemented.
Bundle up deployment and reversion scripts and write out plan and configuration files. Configuration properties may be specified under the
[bundle]section of the configuration file, or via
sqitch config bundle.$property $valuecommand. Options and configuration properties:
Tag to start the plan from. All tags and changes prior to that tag will not be included in the plan, and their change scripts Will be omitted from the bundle directory. Property name:
Tag with which to end the plan. No changes or tags after that tag will be included in the plan, and their change scripts will be omitted from the bundle directory. Property name:
Specify a destination directory. The plan file and
testdirectories will be written to it. Defaults to "bundle". Property name:
Show help for a specific command or, if no command is specified, show the same documentation as
Sqitch configuration can be set up on a project, user, or system-wide basis. The format of the configuration file, named sqitch.conf, is the same as for git.
Here's an example of a configuration file that might be useful checked into a VCS for a project that deploys to PostgreSQL and stores its deployment scripts with the extension ddl under the
migrations directory. It also wants bundle to be created in the _build/sql directory, and to deploy starting with the "gamma" tag:
[core] uri = https://github.com/theory/sqitch/ engine = pg db = widgetopolis top_dir = migrations extension = ddl [revert] to = gamma [bundle] from = gamma tags_only = yes dest_dir = _build/sql
And here's an example of useful configuration in ~/.sqitch/sqitch.conf, to point to system-specific engine information:
[core.pg] client = /usr/local/pgsql/bin/psql username = theory [core.mysql] client = /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql username = root [core.sqlite] client = /usr/local/bin/sqlite3
Various commands read from the configuration file and adjust their operation accordingly. See sqitch-config for a list.
The original design for Sqitch was sketched out in a number of blog posts:
Other tools that do database change management include:
- Rails migrations
Numbered migrations for Ruby on Rails.
Numbered changes in pure SQL, integrated with Perl's Module::Build build system. Does not support reversion.
Numbered migrations in pure SQL.
PostgreSQL-specific dependency-tracking solution by depesz.
David E. Wheeler <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Copyright (c) 2012 iovation Inc.
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