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7 non-PAUSE users.

Chad Granum

NAME

Test2::AsyncSubtest - Object representing an async subtest.

DESCRIPTION

Regular subtests have a limited scope, they start, events are generated, then they close and send an Test2::Event::Subtest event. This is a problem if you want the subtest to keep receiving events while other events are also being generated. This class implements subtests that stay open until you decide to close them.

This is mainly useful for tools that start a subtest in one process and then spawn children. In many cases it is nice to let the parent process continue instead of waiting on the children.

SYNOPSIS

    use Test2::AsyncSubtest;

    my $ast = Test2::AsyncSubtest->new(name => foo);

    $ast->run(sub {
        ok(1, "Event in parent" );
    });

    ok(1, "Event outside of subtest");

    $ast->run_fork(sub {
        ok(1, "Event in child process");
    });

    ...

    $ast->finish;

    done_testing;

CONSTRUCTION

    my $ast = Test2::AsyncSubtest->new( ... );
name => $name (required)

Name of the subtest. This construction argument is required.

send_to => $hub (optional)

Hub to which the final subtest event should be sent. This must be an instance of Test2::Hub or a subclass. If none is specified then the current top hub will be used.

trace => $trace (optional)

File/Line to which errors should be attributed. This must be an instance of Test2::Util::Trace. If none is specified then the file/line where the constructor was called will be used.

hub => $hub (optional)

Use this to specify a hub the subtest should use. By default a new hub is generated. This must be an instance of Test2::AsyncSubtest::Hub.

METHODS

SIMPLE ACCESSORS

$bool = $ast->active

True if the subtest is active. The subtest is active if its hub appears in the global hub stack. This is true when $ast->run(...) us running.

$arrayref = $ast->children

Get an arrayref of child processes/threads. Numerical items are PIDs, blessed items are threads instances.

$arrayref = $ast->events

Get an arrayref of events that have been sent to the subtests hub.

$bool = $ast->finished

True if finished() has already been called.

$hub = $ast->hub

The hub created for the subtest.

$int = $ast->id

Attach/Detach counter. Used internally, not useful to users.

$str = $ast->name

Name of the subtest.

$pid = $ast->pid

PID in which the subtest was created.

$tid = $ast->tid

Thread ID in which the subtest was created.

$hub = $ast->send_to

Hub to which the final subtest event should be sent.

$arrayref = $ast->stack

Stack of async subtests at the time this one was created. This is mainly for internal use.

$trace = $ast->trace

Test2::Util::Trace instance used for error reporting.

INTERFACE

$ast->attach($id)

Attach a subtest in a child/process to the original.

Note: my $id = $ast->cleave must have been called in the parent process/thread before the child was started, the id it returns must be used in the call to $ast->attach($id)

$id = $ast->cleave

Prepare a slot for a child process/thread to attach. This must be called BEFORE the child process or thread is started. The ID returned is used by attach().

This must only be called in the original process/thread.

$ctx = $ast->context

Get an Test2::API::Context instance that can be used to send events to the context in which the hub was created. This is not a canonical context, you should not call $ctx->release on it.

$ast->detach

Detach from the parent in a child process/thread. This should be called just before the child exits.

$ast->finish
$ast->finish(%options)

Finish the subtest, wait on children, and send the final subtest event.

This must only be called in the original process/thread.

Note: This calls $ast->wait.

These are the options:

collapse => 1

This intelligently allows a subtest to be empty.

If no events bump the test count then the subtest no final plan will be added. The subtest will not be considered a failure (normally an empty subtest is a failure).

If there are no events at all the subtest will be collapsed into an Test2::Event::Ok event.

silent => 1

This will prevent finish from generating a final Test2::Event::Subtest event. This effectively ends the subtest without it effecting the parent subtest (or top level test).

no_plan => 1

This will prevent a final plan from being added to the subtest for you when none is directly specified.

skip => "reason"

This will issue an Test2::Event::Skip instead of a subtest. This will throw an exception if any events have been seen, or if state implies events have occurred.

$out = $ast->fork

This is a slightly higher level interface to fork. Running it will fork your code in-place just like fork(). It will return a pid in the parent, and an Scope::Guard instance in the child. An exception will be thrown if fork fails.

It is recommended that you use $ast->run_fork(sub { ... }) instead.

$bool = $ast->pending

True if there are child processes, threads, or subtests that depend on this one.

$bool = $ast->ready

This is essentially !$ast->pending.

$ast->run(sub { ... })

Run the provided codeblock inside the subtest. This will push the subtest hub onto the stack, run the code, then pop the hub off the stack.

$pid = $ast->run_fork(sub { ... })

Same as $ast->run(), except that the codeblock is run in a child process.

You do not need to directly call wait($pid), that will be done for you when $ast->wait, or $ast->finish are called.

my $thr = $ast->run_thread(sub { ... });

** DISCOURAGED ** Threads cause problems. This method remains for anyone who REALLY wants it, but it is no longer supported. Tests for this functionality do not even run unless the AUTHOR_TESTING or T2_DO_THREAD_TESTS env vars are enabled.

Same as $ast->run(), except that the codeblock is run in a child thread.

You do not need to directly call $thr->join, that is done for you when $ast->wait, or $ast->finish are called.

$passing = $ast->start

Push the subtest hub onto the stack. Returns the current pass/fail status of the subtest.

$ast->stop

Pop the subtest hub off the stack. Returns the current pass/fail status of the subtest.

$ast->wait

Wait on all threads/processes that were started using $ast->fork, $ast->run_fork, or $ast->run_thread.

SOURCE

The source code repository for Test2-AsyncSubtest can be found at https://github.com/Test-More/Test2-Suite/.

MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2018 Chad Granum <exodist7@gmail.com>.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/