++ed by:
JWANG NICKL AYOUNG ZMUGHAL NGLENN

71 PAUSE users
39 non-PAUSE users.

Gisle Aas

NAME

LWP::RobotUA - a class for well-behaved Web robots

SYNOPSIS

  use LWP::RobotUA;
  my $ua = LWP::RobotUA->new( 'my-robot/0.1', 'me@foo.com' );
  $ua->delay(10);  # be very nice -- max one hit every ten minutes!
  ...

  # Then just use it just like a normal LWP::UserAgent:
  my $response = $ua->get('http://whatever.int/...');
  ...

DESCRIPTION

This class implements a user agent that is suitable for robot applications. Robots should be nice to the servers they visit. They should consult the /robots.txt file to ensure that they are welcomed and they should not make requests too frequently.

But before you consider writing a robot, take a look at <URL:http://www.robotstxt.org/>.

When you use a LWP::RobotUA object as your user agent, then you do not really have to think about these things yourself; robots.txt files are automatically consulted and obeyed, the server isn't queried too rapidly, and so on. Just send requests as you do when you are using a normal LWP::UserAgent object (using $ua->get(...), $ua->head(...), $ua->request(...), etc.), and this special agent will make sure you are nice.

METHODS

The LWP::RobotUA is a sub-class of LWP::UserAgent and implements the same methods. In addition the following methods are provided:

$ua = LWP::RobotUA->new($agent_name, $from, [$rules])

Your robot's name and the mail address of the human responsible for the robot (i.e. you) are required by the constructor.

Optionally it allows you to specify the WWW::RobotRules object to use. If you don't provide one, then this user agent will make its own internal database of robots.txt rules as needed.

$ua->delay([$minutes])

Set the minimum delay between requests to the same server, in minutes. The default is 1 minute. Note that this number doesn't have to be an integer; for example, this sets the delay to 10 seconds:

    $ua->delay(10/60);
$ua->use_sleep([$boolean])

Get/set a value indicating whether the UA should sleep() if requests arrive too fast (before $ua->delay minutes has passed). The default is TRUE. If this value is FALSE then an internal SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE response will be generated. It will have an Retry-After header that indicates when it is OK to send another request to this server.

$ua->rules([$rules])

Set/get which WWW::RobotRules object to use.

$ua->no_visits($netloc)

Returns the number of documents fetched from this server host. Yes I know, this method should probably have been named num_visits() or something like that. :-(

$ua->host_wait($netloc)

Returns the number of seconds (from now) you must wait before you can make a new request to this host.

$ua->as_string

Returns a string that describes the state of the UA. Mainly useful for debugging.

SEE ALSO

LWP::UserAgent, WWW::RobotRules

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 1996-2002 Gisle Aas.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.