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Author image Ilya Zakharevich


MP3::Tag::ParseData - Module for parsing arbitrary data associated with music files.


   # parses the file name according to one of the patterns:
   $mp3->config('parse_data', ['i', '%f', '%t - %n - %a.%e', '%t - %y.%e']);
   $title = $mp3->title;

see MP3::Tag


MP3::Tag::ParseData is designed to be called from the MP3::Tag module.

Each option of configuration item parse_data should be of the form [$flag, $string, $pattern1, ...]. For each of the option, patterns of the option are matched agains the $string of the option, until one of them succeeds. The information obtained from later options takes precedence over the information obtained from earlier ones.

The meaning of the patterns is the same as for parse() or parse_rex() methods of MP3::Tag. Since the default for parse_data is empty, by default this handler has no effect.

$flag is split into 1-character-long flags (unknown flags are ignored):


the string-to-parse is interpolated first;


the string-to-parse is interpreted as the name of the file to read;


the string-to-parse is interpreted as collection of lines, one per track;


the string-to-parse is interpreted as collection of lines, and the first matched is chosen;


the resulting string is interpolated before parsing.


the patterns are considered as regular expressions.


one of the patterns must match.


Do not ignore a field even if the result is a 0-length string.

In any case, the resulting values have starting and trailing whitespace trimmed. (Actually, breaking into line is done using the configuration item parse_split; it defaults to "\n".)

If the configuration item parse_data has multiple options, the $strings which are interpolated will use information set by preceeding options; similarly, any interolated option may use information obtained by other handlers - even if these handers are later in the pecking order than MP3::Tag::ParseData (which by default is the first handler). For example, with

  ['i', '%t' => '%t (%y)'], ['i', '%t' => '%t - %c']

and a local CDDB file which identifies title to 'Merry old - another interpretation (1905)', the first field will interpolate '%t' into this title, then will split it into the year and the rest. The second field will split the rest into a title-proper and comment.

Note that one can use fields of the form

  ['mz', 'This is a forced title' => '%t']

to force particular values for parts of the MP3 tag.

The usual methods artist, title, album, comment, year, track, year can be used to access the results of the parse.