++ed by:
BAREFOOT KEEDI

2 PAUSE users

Ilya Zakharevich

NAME

MP3::Tag::ID3v2 - Read / Write ID3v2.x.y tags from mp3 audio files

SYNOPSIS

MP3::Tag::ID3v2 supports * Reading of ID3v2.2.0 and ID3v2.3.0 tags (some ID3v2.4.0 frames too) * Writing of ID3v2.3.0 tags

MP3::Tag::ID3v2 is designed to be called from the MP3::Tag module.

  use MP3::Tag;
  $mp3 = MP3::Tag->new($filename);

  # read an existing tag
  $mp3->get_tags();
  $id3v2 = $mp3->{ID3v2} if exists $mp3->{ID3v2};

  # or create a new tag
  $id3v2 = $mp3->new_tag("ID3v2");

See MP3::Tag for information on the above used functions.

* Reading a tag

  $frameIDs_hash = $id3v2->get_frame_ids('truename');

  foreach my $frame (keys %$frameIDs_hash) {
      my ($name, @info) = $id3v2->get_frame($frame);
      for my $info (@info) {  
          if (ref $info) {
              print "$name ($frame):\n";
              while(my ($key,$val)=each %$info) {
                  print " * $key => $val\n";
             }
          } else {
              print "$name: $info\n";
          }
      }
  }

* Adding / Changing / Removing / Writing a tag

  $id3v2->add_frame("TIT2", "Title of the song");
  $id3v2->change_frame("TALB","Greatest Album");
  $id3v2->remove_frame("TLAN");
  $id3v2->write_tag();

* Removing the whole tag

  $id3v2->remove_tag();

* Get information about supported frames

  %tags = $id3v2->supported_frames();
  while (($fname, $longname) = each %tags) {
      print "$fname $longname: ", 
            join(", ", @{$id3v2->what_data($fname)}), "\n";
  }

AUTHOR

Thomas Geffert, thg@users.sourceforge.net

DESCRIPTION

    get_frame_ids()

      $frameIDs = $tag->get_frame_ids;
      $frameIDs = $tag->get_frame_ids('truename');
    
      [old name: getFrameIDs() . The old name is still available, but you should use the new name]

    get_frame_ids loops through all frames, which exist in the tag. It returns a hash reference with a list of all available Frame IDs. The keys of the returned hash are 4-character-codes (short names), the internal names of the frames, the according value is the english (long) name of the frame.

    You can use this list to iterate over all frames to get their data, or to check if a specific frame is included in the tag.

    If there are multiple occurences of a frame in one tag, the first frame is returned with its normal short name, following frames of this type get a '00', '01', '02', ... appended to this name. These names can then used with get_frame to get the information of these frames. These fake frames are not returned if 'truename' argument is set; one can still use get_frames() to extract the info for all of the frames with the given short name.

    get_frame()

      ($info, $name, @rest) = $tag->get_frame($ID);
      ($info, $name, @rest) = $tag->get_frame($ID, 'raw');
    
      [old name: getFrame() . The old name is still available, but you should use the new name]

    get_frame gets the contents of a specific frame, which must be specified by the 4-character-ID (aka short name). You can use get_frame_ids to get the IDs of the tag, or use IDs which you hope to find in the tag. If the ID is not found, get_frame returns empty list, so $info and $name become undefined.

    Otherwise it extracts the contents of the frame. Frames in ID3v2 tags can be very small, or complex and huge. That is the reason, that get_frame returns the frame data in two ways, depending on the tag.

    If it is a simple tag, with only one piece of data, this date is returned directly as ($info, $name), where $info is the text string, and $name is the long (english) name of the frame.

    If the frame consist of different pieces of data, $info is a hash reference, $name is again the long name of the frame.

    The hash, to which $info points, contains key/value pairs, where the key is always the name of the data, and the value is the data itself.

    If the name starts with a underscore (as eg '_code'), the data is probably binary data and not printable. If the name starts without an underscore, it should be a text string and printable.

    If the second parameter 'raw' is given, the whole frame data is returned, but not the frame header. If the second parameter is 'intact', no mangling of embedded "\0" and trailing spaces is performed. If the second parameter is 'hash', then, additionally, the result is always in the hash format.

    If the data was stored compressed, it is uncompressed before it is returned (even in raw mode). Then $info contains a string with all data (which might be binary), and $name the long frame name.

    See also MP3::Tag::ID3v2-Data for a list of all supported frames, and some other explanations of the returned data structure.

    If more than one frame with name $ID is present, @rest contains $info fields for all consequent frames with the same name. Note that after removal of frames there may be holes in the list of frame names (as in FRAM FRAM01 FRAM02) in the case when multiple frames of the given type were present; the removed frames are returned as undef.

    ! Encrypted frames are not supported yet !

    ! Some frames are not supported yet, but the most common ones are supported !

    get_frame_option()

      $options = get_frame_option($ID);
    
      Option is a hash reference, the hash contains all possible options.
      The value for each option is 0 or 1.
    
      groupid    -- not supported yet
      encryption -- not supported yet
      compression -- Compresses frame before writing tag; 
                     compression/uncompression is done automatically
      read_only   -- Ignored by this library, should be obeyed by application
      file_preserv -- Ignored by this library, should be obeyed by application
      tag_preserv -- Ignored by this library, should be obeyed by application

    set_frame_option()

      $options = set_frame_option($ID, $option, $value);
    
      Set $option to $value (0 or 1). If successfull the new set of
      options is returned, undef otherwise.
    
      groupid    -- not supported yet
      encryption -- not supported yet
      compression -- Compresses frame before writing tag; 
                     compression/uncompression is done automatically
      read_only   -- Ignored by this library, should be obeyed by application
      file_preserv -- Ignored by this library, should be obeyed by application
      tag_preserv -- Ignored by this library, should be obeyed by application

    get_frames()

      ($name, @info) = get_frames($ID);
      ($name, @info) = get_frames($ID, 'raw');

    Same as get_frame() with different order of the returned values. $name and elements of the array @info have the same semantic as for get_frame(); each frame with id $ID produces one elements of array @info.

    as_bin()

      $tag2 = $id3v2->as_bin($ignore_error, $update_file);

    Returns the the current content of the ID3v2 tag as a string good to write to a file; it contains all the necessary footers and headers.

    If $ignore_error is TRUE, the frames the module does not know how to write are skipped; otherwise it is an error to have such a frame. Returns undef on error.

    If the optional argument $update_file is TRUE, an additional action is performed: if the audio file does not contain an ID3v2 tag, or the tag in the file is smaller than the built ID3v2 tag, the necessary 0-padding is inserted before the audio content of the file so that it is able to accomodate the build tag (and the tagsize field of $id3v2 is updated correspondingly); in any case the header length of $tag2 is set to reflect the space in the beginning of the audio file.

    Unless $update_file has 'padding' as a substring, the actual length of the string $tag2 is not modified, so if it is smaller than the reserved space in the file, one needs to add some 0 padding at the end. Note that if the size of reserved space can shrink (as with id3v2_shrink configuration option), then without this option it would be hard to calculate necessary padding by hand.

    write_tag()

      $id3v2->write_tag($ignore_error);

    Saves all frames to the file. It tries to update the file in place, when the space of the old tag is big enough for the new tag. Otherwise it creates a temp file with a new tag (i.e. copies the whole mp3 file) and renames/moves it to the original file name.

    An extended header with CRC checksum is not supported yet.

    Encryption of frames and group ids are not supported. If $ignore_error is set, these options are ignored and the frames are saved without these options. If $ignore_error is not set and a tag with an unsupported option should be save, the tag is not written and a 0 is returned.

    If a tag with an encrypted frame is read, and the frame is not changed it can be saved encrypted again.

    ID3v2.2 tags are converted automatically to ID3v2.3 tags during writing. If a frame cannot be converted automatically (PIC; CMR), writing aborts and returns a 0. If $ignore_error is true, only not convertable frames are ignored and not written, but the rest of the tag is saved as ID3v2.3.

    At the moment the tag is automatically unsynchronized.

    If the tag is written successfully, 1 is returned.

    remove_tag()

      $id3v2->remove_tag();

    Removes the whole tag from the file by copying the whole mp3-file to a temp-file and renaming/moving that to the original filename.

    Do not use remove_tag() if you only want to change a header, as otherwise the file is copied unneccessary. Use write_tag() directly, which will override an old tag.

    add_frame()

      $fn = $id3v2->add_frame($fname, @data);

    Add a new frame, identified by the short name $fname. The number of elements of array @data should be as described in the ID3v2.3 standard. (See also MP3::Tag::ID3v2-Data.) There are two exceptions: if @data is empty, it is filled with necessary number of ""); if one of required elements is encoding, it may be omitted (meaning latin1 encoding, or 0). (Any other encoding is not supported yet, and thus ignored.)

    It returns the the short name $fn, which can differ from $fname, when there existed already such a frame. If no other frame of this kind is allowed, an empty string is returned. Otherwise the name of the newly created frame is returned (which can have a 01 or 02 or ... appended).

    You have to call write_tag() to save the changes to the file.

    Examples:

     $f = add_frame("TIT2", 0, "Abba");   # $f="TIT2"
     $f = add_frame("TIT2", "Abba");      # $f="TIT201", encoding=0 implicit
    
     $f = add_frame("COMM", "ENG", "Short text", "This is a comment");
    
     $f = add_frame("COMM");              # creates an empty frame
    
     $f = add_frame("COMM", "ENG");       # ! wrong ! $f=undef, becaues number 
                                          # of arguments is wrong

    change_frame()

      $id3v2->change_frame($fname, @data);

    Change an existing frame, which is identified by its short name $fname eg as returned by get_frame_ids(). @data must be same as in add_frame().

    If the frame $fname does not exist, undef is returned.

    You have to call write_tag() to save the changes to the file.

    remove_frame()

      $id3v2->remove_frame($fname);

    Remove an existing frame. $fname is the short name of a frame, eg as returned by get_frame_ids().

    You have to call write_tag() to save the changes to the file.

    is_modified()

      $id3v2->is_modified;

    Returns true if the tag was modified after it was created.

    supported_frames()

      $frames = $id3v2->supported_frames();

    Returns a hash reference with all supported frames. The keys of the hash are the short names of the supported frames, the according values are the long (english) names of the frames.

    what_data()

      ($data, $res_inp) = $id3v2->what_data($fname);

    Returns an array reference with the needed data fields for a given frame. At this moment only the internal field names are returned, without any additional information about the data format of this field. Names beginning with an underscore (normally '_data') can contain binary data.

    $resp_inp is a reference to an array, which contains information about a restriction for the content of the data field ( coresspodending to the same array field in the @$data array). If the entry is undef, no restriction exists. Otherwise it is a hash. The keys of the hash are the allowed input, the correspodending value is the value which should stored later in that field. If the value is undef then the key itself is valid for saving. If the hash contains an entry with "_FREE", the hash contains only suggestions for the input, but other input is also allowed.

    Example for picture types of the APIC frame:

    {"Other" = "\x00", "32x32 pixels 'file icon' (PNG only)" => "\x01", "Other file icon" => "\x02", ...}>

    title( [@new_title] )

    Returns the title composed of the tags configured via MP3::Tag-config('v2title')> call (with default 'Title/Songname/Content description' (TIT2)) from the tag. (For backward compatibility may be called by deprecated name song() as well.)

    Sets TIT2 frame if given the optional arguments @new_title. If this is an empty string, the frame is removed.

    _comment([$language])

    Returns the file comment (COMM with an empty 'Description') from the tag, or "Subtitle/Description refinement" (TIT3) frame (unless it is considered a part of the title).

    comment()

       $val = $id3v2->comment();
       $newframe = $id3v2->comment('Just a comment for freddy', 'personal', 'eng');

    Returns the file comment (COMM frame with an empty 'Description' field) from the tag, or "Subtitle/Description refinement" (TIT3) frame (unless it is considered a part of the title).

    If optional arguments ($comment, $short, $language) are present, sets the comment frame. If $language is omited, uses XXX (otherwise it should be lowercase 3-letter abbreviation according to ISO-639-2); if $short is omited, sets to ''. If $comment is an empty string, the frame is removed.

    frame_select($fname, $descrs, $languages [, $newtext])

       # Select short-description='', prefere language 'eng', then 'rus', then
       # the first COMM frame, then any COMM frame
       $val = $id3v2->frame_select('COMM', '', ['eng', 'rus', '#0', '']);
       $new = $id3v2->frame_select('COMM', '', ['eng', 'rus', '#0'],
                                   'Comment with empty "Description" and "eng"');

    Returns the contents of the first frame named $fname with a 'Description' field in the specified array reference $descrs and the language in the list of specified languages $languages. If the frame is a "simple frame", the frame is returned as a string, otherwise as a hash reference; a "simple frame" should consist of one of Text/URL/_Data fields, with possible addition of Language and Description fields (if the corresponding arguments were defined).

    The lists $descrs and $languages of one element can be flattened to become this element (as with '' above). If the lists are not defined, no restriction is applied. Language of '' means no restriction on language. Language of the form '#NUMBER' selects the NUMBER's frame with frame name $fname.

    If optional argument $newtext is given, all the found frames are removed; if $newtext is defined, a new frame is created (the first elements of $descrs and $languages are used as the short description and the language, default to '' and XXX); otherwise the count of removed frames is returned.

    frame_list()

    Same as frame_select(), but returns the list of found frames.

    frame_have()

    Same as frame_select(), but returns the count of found frames.

    year( [@new_year] )

    Returns the year (TYER/TDRC) from the tag.

    Sets TYER and TDRC frames if given the optional arguments @new_year. If this is an empty string, the frame is removed.

    The format is similar to timestamps of IDv2.4.0, but ranges can be separated by - or --, and non-contiguous dates are separated by , (comma). If periods need to be specified via duration, then one needs to use the ISO 8601 /-notation (e.g., see

      http://www.mcs.vuw.ac.nz/technical/software/SGML/doc/iso8601/ISO8601.html

    ); the duration/end_timestamp is not supported.

    On output, ranges of timestamps are converted to - or -- separated format depending on whether the timestamps are years, or have additional fields.

    If configuration variable year_is_timestamp is false, the return value is always the year only (of the first timestamp of a composite timestamp).

    Recall that ID3v2.4.0 timestamp has format yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss (year, "-", month, "-", day, "T", hour (out of 24), ":", minutes, ":", seconds), but the precision may be reduced by removing as many time indicators as wanted. Hence valid timestamps are yyyy, yyyy-MM, yyyy-MM-dd, yyyy-MM-ddTHH, yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm and yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss. All time stamps are UTC. For durations, use the slash character as described in 8601, and for multiple noncontiguous dates, use multiple strings, if allowed by the frame definition.

    track( [$new_track] )

    Returns the track number (TRCK) from the tag.

    Sets TRCK frame if given the optional arguments @new_track. If this is an empty string or 0, the frame is removed.

    artist( [ $new_artist ] )

    Returns the artist name; it is the first existing frame from the list of

      TPE1      Lead artist/Lead performer/Soloist/Performing group
      TPE2      Band/Orchestra/Accompaniment
      TCOM      Composer
      TPE3      Conductor
      TEXT      Lyricist/Text writer

    Sets TPE1 frame if given the optional arguments @new_artist. If this is an empty string, the frame is removed.

    album( [ $new_album ] )

    Returns the album name (TALB) from the tag. If none is found, returns the "Content group description" (TIT1) frame (unless it is considered a part of the title).

    Sets TALB frame if given the optional arguments @new_album. If this is an empty string, the frame is removed.

    genre( [ $new_genre ] )

    Returns the genre string from TCON frame of the tag.

    Sets TCON frame if given the optional arguments @new_genre. If this is an empty string, the frame is removed.

    version()

      $version = $id3v2->version();
      ($major, $revision) = $id3v2->version();

    Returns the version of the ID3v2 tag. It returns a formatted string like "3.0" or an array containing the major part (eg. 3) and revision part (eg. 0) of the version number.

    new()

      $tag = new($mp3fileobj);

    new() needs as parameter a mp3fileobj, as created by MP3::Tag::File. new tries to find a ID3v2 tag in the mp3fileobj. If it does not find a tag it returns undef. Otherwise it reads the tag header, as well as an extended header, if available. It reads the rest of the tag in a buffer, does unsynchronizing if neccessary, and returns a ID3v2-object. At this moment only ID3v2.3 is supported. Any extended header with CRC data is ignored, so no CRC check is done at the moment. The ID3v2-object can be used to extract information from the tag.

    Please use

       $mp3 = MP3::Tag->new($filename);
       $mp3->get_tags();                 ## to find an existing tag, or
       $id3v2 = $mp3->new_tag("ID3v2");  ## to create a new tag

    instead of using this function directly

SEE ALSO

MP3::Tag, MP3::Tag::ID3v1, MP3::Tag::ID3v2-Data

ID3v2 standard - http://www.id3.org

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2000-2004 Thomas Geffert, Ilya Zakharevich. All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Artistic License, distributed with Perl.

2 POD Errors

The following errors were encountered while parsing the POD:

Around line 98:

You can't have =items (as at line 102) unless the first thing after the =over is an =item

Around line 2284:

You forgot a '=back' before '=head1'