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Author image Ivan Kohler

NAME

Net::SSH - Perl extension for secure shell

SYNOPSIS

  use Net::SSH qw(ssh issh sshopen2 sshopen3);

  ssh('user@hostname', $command);

  issh('user@hostname', $command);

  ssh_cmd('user@hostname', $command);
  ssh_cmd( {
    user => 'user',
    host => 'host.name',
    command => 'command',
    args => [ '-arg1', '-arg2' ],
    stdin_string => "string\n",
  } );

  sshopen2('user@hostname', $reader, $writer, $command);

  sshopen3('user@hostname', $writer, $reader, $error, $command);

DESCRIPTION

Simple wrappers around ssh commands.

For an all-perl implementation that does not require the system ssh command, see Net::SSH::Perl instead.

SUBROUTINES

ssh [USER@]HOST, COMMAND [, ARGS ... ]

Calls ssh in batch mode.

issh [USER@]HOST, COMMAND [, ARGS ... ]

Prints the ssh command to be executed, waits for the user to confirm, and (optionally) executes the command.

ssh_cmd [USER@]HOST, COMMAND [, ARGS ... ]
ssh_cmd OPTIONS_HASHREF

Calls ssh in batch mode. Throws a fatal error if data occurs on the command's STDERR. Returns any data from the command's STDOUT.

If using the hashref-style of passing arguments, possible keys are:

  user (optional)
  host (requried)
  command (required)
  args (optional, arrayref)
  stdin_string (optional) - written to the command's STDIN
sshopen2 [USER@]HOST, READER, WRITER, COMMAND [, ARGS ... ]

Connects the supplied filehandles to the ssh process (in batch mode).

sshopen3 HOST, WRITER, READER, ERROR, COMMAND [, ARGS ... ]

Connects the supplied filehandles to the ssh process (in batch mode).

EXAMPLE

  use Net::SSH qw(sshopen2);
  use strict;

  my $user = "username";
  my $host = "hostname";
  my $cmd = "command";

  sshopen2("$user\@$host", *READER, *WRITER, "$cmd") || die "ssh: $!";

  while (<READER>) {
      chomp();
      print "$_\n";
  }

  close(READER);
  close(WRITER);

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Q: How do you supply a password to connect with ssh within a perl script using the Net::SSH module?

A: You don't. Use RSA or DSA keys. See the ssh-keygen(1) manpage.

Q: My script is "leaking" ssh processes.

A: See "How do I avoid zombies on a Unix system" in perlfaq8, IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3 and "waitpid" in perlfunc.

AUTHORS

Ivan Kohler <ivan-netssh_pod@420.am>

John Harrison <japh@in-ta.net> contributed an example for the documentation.

Martin Langhoff <martin@cwa.co.nz> contributed the ssh_cmd command, and Jeff Finucane <jeff@cmh.net> updated it and took care of the 0.04 release.

Anthony Awtrey <tony@awtrey.com> contributed a fix for those still using OpenSSH v1.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2004 Ivan Kohler. Copyright (c) 2002 Freeside Internet Services, LLC All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

BUGS

Not OO.

Look at IPC::Session (also fsh)

SEE ALSO

For an all-perl implementation that does not require the system ssh command, see Net::SSH::Perl instead.

ssh-keygen(1), ssh(1), IO::File, IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3