Jan Pazdziora


Font::TFM -- read information from TeX font metric files


        use Font::TFM;  
        my $cmr = new Font::TFM name => 'cmr10'
                or die "Error reading font: $Font::TFM::errstr\n";
        print 'Designsize: ', $cmr->designsize(), "\n";
        print $cmr->width('A'), ', ', $cmr->kern('Wo'), "\n";

should print

        Designsize: 10
        491521.25, -54613.75


To read the information from TFM (TeX font metrics) file, you first create the object of Font::TFM class in memory. You do this by calling method Font::TFM::new with font name and other parameters and it creates a new TFM object in memory, loading all the necessary information from the .tfm file.

The parameters are passed to Font::TFM::new in a form of a hash:


Name of the font, for example cmr10. The file with the font is searched for in the directories specified by the global variable $Font::TFM::TEXFONTSDIR or by a path parameter.


Alternatively, instead of name, you can specify full path to the font file, for example /usr/lib/tex/fonts/cmr10.tfm. You have to specify complete path, including the suffix if the file has any.


If you want to load the font information at different size than the design size, use this parameter, setting scale. The default is of course 1.


If you want to load the font information at different size than the design size, use this parameter, size in points (pt). Using at overrides scale.


Colon separated value list of directories that fill be searched if you specify the font by name. By default, global value $Font::TFM::TEXFONTSDIR is used.


Value 1 tells Font::TFM::new to use pregenerated listings of directory contents, this is the default. The name of the file with the listing is in global variable $Font::TFM::LSFILENAME and defaults to ls-R.

To switch this behaviour off, use value 0 or 'no' for parameter usels, or set global variable $Font::TFM::TEXFONTSUSELS to 0.


Dimensions reported by the object that you receive from Font::TFM::new are multiplied by value of $Font::TFM::MULTIPLY * actual size. Value of $Font::TFM::MULTIPLY defaults to 65536 and you can change it by this parameter when loading individual fonts. of the font. Value 65536 is nice because the dimensions can be used directly when writing the .dvi file.

If the file is not found (or there is some other problem), new returns undef and sets error message to $Font::TFM::errstr.


        $cmr10 = new Font::TFM 'cmr10';
        $cmr10 = new Font::TFM 'name' => 'cmr10';
        $cmr10 = new Font::TFM 'file' => './dir/cmr10.tfm';
        $cmr12_14 = new Font::TFM 'name' => 'cmr12', at => 14
                or die 'Error loading font cmr12 at 14 pt: '
                        . $Font::TFM::errstr;

For backward compatibility, you can use Font::TFM::new with just one parameter, the font name, or with two parameters, the font name and the scale of the size, instead of the hash of parameters and values. For backward compatibility, you can use Font::TFM::new_at with two parameters, font name and point size of the font.

After the file was loaded, you can use the following methods of the object to query information about the font's properties and about the characters, etc.

designsize, fontsize

Returns the design size and the actual size of the font in pt.

        $cmr->designsize;       returns 10
        $cmr->fontsize;                 10
        $cmr10_12->fontsize;            12
width, height, depth, italic

Returns the requested dimension for a specified character of the font.

        $cmr->height("A")               447828.75
        $cmr10_12->height("A")          537394.5
        $cmr->italic("I")               0
        $cmr10_12->italic("f")          61167.75
kern, lig, ligpassover

For a two-letter string returns kern between them, ligature formed and number of characters to pass over after the ligature, respectivelly.

        $cmr->lig("fi")                 \014
        $cmr->lig("ff")                 \013
        $cmr->lig("\013i")              \016
        $cmr10_12->kern("AV")           -87381.75

One string parameter undergoes ligature expansion and then kernings are inserted. Returns array containing of string, kern, string, ...

        $cmr->expand("AV--fix")         "A", -72818.125, "V{\014x"

Returns the width, height and depth of a word. Does the lig/kern expansion, so the result is the real space it will take on output.

                                        1947881.875, 455111.25, 0
        $cmr->word_dimensions("pm")     910225, 282168.75, 127431.25
word_width, word_height, word_depth

Calls word_dimensions and returns appropriate element. No caching is done, so it is better to call word_dimensions yourself if you will need more than one dimension of one word.


Returns parameter of the font, indexed from 1.

slant, x_height, em_width, quad
space, space_stretch, space_shrink, extra_space

Returns the parameter of the font, by name.

        $cmr->slant()                   0
        $cmsl10->slant()                0.166671752929688
        $cmr->x_height()                282168.75
        $cmr->height("x")               282168.75
        $cmr->em_width()                655361.875
        $cmr->quad()                    655361.875

        $cmr->space()                   218453.75
        $cmr->space_stretch()           109226.875
        $cmtt10->space()                344061.25
        $cmtt10->space_stretch()        0

Returns the name of the font.

Variable $Font::TFM::DEBUG may be set to 1 to get the processing messages on the standard error output.

The module is subclassable. You can define you own module that would provide alternate way of finding and opening the file. Just make new module and defined your own method open_tfm in it.




TeX::DVI(3), TeX::DVI::Parse(3), perl(1).


(c) 1996--2001 Jan Pazdziora, adelton@fi.muni.cz, http://www.fi.muni.cz/~adelton/ at Faculty of Informatics, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic