Jarkko Hietaniemi

NAME

String::Scanf - emulate sscanf() of the C library

SYNOPSIS

    use String::Scanf; # imports sscanf()

    ($a, $b, $c, $d) = sscanf("%d+%d %f-%s", $input);
    ($e, $f, $g, $h) = sscanf("%x %o %s:%3c"); # input defaults to $_

    $r = String::Scanf::format_to_re($f);

or

    # works only for Perl 5.005 or later
    use String::Scanf qw(); # import nothing

    my $s1 = String::Scanf->new("%d+%d %f-%s");
    my $s2 = String::Scanf->new("%x %o %s:%3c");

    ($a, $b, $c, $d) = $s1->sscanf($input);
    ($e, $f, $g, $h) = $s2->sscanf(); # input defaults to $_

DESCRIPTION

String::Scanf supports scanning strings for data using formats similar to the libc/stdio sscanf().

The supported sscanf() formats are as follows:

%d

Decimal integer, with optional plus or minus sign.

%u

Decimal unsigned integer, with optional plus sign.

%x

Hexadecimal unsigned integer, with optional "0x" or "0x" in front.

%o

Octal unsigned integer.

%e %f %g

(The [efg] work identically.)

Decimal floating point number, with optional plus or minus sign, in any of these formats:

    1
    1.
    1.23
    .23
    1e45
    1.e45
    1.23e45
    .23e45

The exponent has an optional plus or minus sign, and the e may also be E.

The various borderline cases like Inf and Nan are not recognized.

%s

A non-whitespace string.

%c

A string of characters. An array reference is returned containing the numerical values of the characters.

%%

A literal %.

The sscanf() formats [pnSC] are not supported.

The %s and %c have an optional maximum width, e.g. %4s, in which case at most so many characters are consumed (but fewer characters are also accecpted).

The numeric formats may also have such a width but it is ignored.

The numeric formats may have [hl] before the main option, e.g. %hd, but since such widths have no meaning in Perl, they are ignored.

Non-format parts of the parameter string are matched literally (e.g. : matches as :), expect that any whitespace is matched as any whitespace (e.g. matches as \s+).

WARNING

The numeric formats match only something that looks like a number, they do not care whether it fits into the numbers of Perl. In other words, 123e456789 is valid for sscanf(), but quite probably it won't fit into your Perl's numbers. Consider using the various Math::* modules instead.

AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Jarkko Hietaniemi <jhi@iki.fi>

Copyright (c) 2002,2004 Jarkko Hietaniemi. All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.




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