++ed by:
Joshua Hoblitt

NAME

DateTime::Format::ISO8601 - Parses ISO8601 formats

SYNOPSIS

    use DateTime::Format::ISO8601;

    my $dt = DateTime::Format::ISO8601->parse_datetime( $str );
    my $dt = DateTime::Format::ISO8601->parse_time( $str );

    or

    my $iso8601 = DateTime::Format::ISO8601->new;
    my $dt = $iso8601->parse_datetime( $str );
    my $dt = $iso8601->parse_time( $str );

DESCRIPTION

Parses almost all ISO8601 date and time formats. ISO8601 time-intervals will be supported in a later release.

USAGE

Import Parameters

This module accepts no arguments to it's import method.

Methods

Constructors

  • new( ... )

    Accepts an optional hash.

        my $iso8601 = DateTime::Format::ISO8601->new(
                        base_datetime => $dt,
                        cut_off_year  => 42,
                        legacy_year   => 1,
                    );
    • base_datetime

      A DateTime object that will be used to fill in missing information from incomplete date/time formats.

      This key is optional.

    • cut_off_year

      A integer representing the cut-off point between interpreting 2-digits years as 19xx or 20xx.

          2-digit years <  legacy_year will be interpreted as 20xx
          2-digit years >= legacy_year will be untreated as 19xx

      This key defaults to the value of DefaultCutOffYear.

    • legacy_year

      A boolean value controlling if a 2-digit year is interpreted as being in the current century (unless a base_datetime is set) or if cut_off_year should be used to place the year in either 20xx or 19xx.

      This key defaults to the value of DefaultLegacyYear.

  • clone

    Returns a replica of the given object.

Object Methods

  • base_datetime

    Returns a DateTime object if a base_datetime has been set.

  • set_base_datetime( object => $object )

    Accepts a DateTime object that will be used to fill in missing information from incomplete date/time formats.

  • cut_off_year

    Returns a integer representing the cut-off point between interpreting 2-digits years as 19xx or 20xx.

  • set_cut_off_year( $int )

    Accepts a integer representing the cut-off point between interpreting 2-digits years as 19xx or 20xx.

        2-digit years <  legacy_year will be interpreted as 20xx
        2-digit years >= legacy_year will be interpreted as 19xx
  • legacy_year

    Returns a boolean value indicating the 2-digit year handling behavior.

  • set_legacy_year( $bool )

    Accepts a boolean value controlling if a 2-digit year is interpreted as being in the current century (unless a base_datetime is set) or if cut_off_year should be used to place the year in either 20xx or 19xx.

Class Methods

  • DefaultCutOffYear( $int )

    Accepts a integer representing the cut-off point for 2-digit years when calling parse_* as class methods and the default value for cut_off_year when creating objects. If called with no parameters this method will return the default value for cut_off_year.

  • DefaultLegacyYear( $bool )

    Accepts a boolean value controlling the legacy year behavior when calling parse_* as class methods and the default value for legacy_year when creating objects. If called with no parameters this method will return the default value for legacy_year.

Parser(s)

These may be called as either class or object methods.

  • parse_datetime

  • parse_time

    Please see the "FORMATS" section.

FORMATS

There are 6 string that can match against date only or time only formats. The parse_datetime method will attempt to match these ambiguous strings against date only formats. If you want to match against the time only formats see the parse_time method.

Conventions

  • Expanded ISO8601

    These formats are supported with exactly 6 digits for the year. Support for a variable number of digits will be in a later release.

  • Precision

    If a format doesn't include a year all larger time unit up to and including the year are filled in using the current date/time or [if set] the base_datetime object.

  • Fractional time

    There is no limit on the expressed precision.

Supported via parse_datetime

The supported formats are listed by the section of ISO 8601:2000(E) in which they appear.

5.2 Dates

5.2.1.1

    YYYYMMDD
    YYYY-MM-DD

5.2.1.2

    YYYY-MM
    YYYY
    YY

5.2.1.3

    YYMMDD
    YY-MM-DD
    -YYMM
    -YY-MM
    -YY
    --MMDD
    --MM-DD
    --MM
    ---DD

5.2.1.4

    +[YY]YYYYMMDD
    +[YY]YYYY-MM-DD
    +[YY]YYYY-MM
    +[YY]YYYY
    +[YY]YY

5.2.2.1

    YYYYDDD
    YYYY-DDD

5.2.2.2

    YYDDD
    YY-DDD
    -DDD

5.2.2.3

    +[YY]YYYYDDD
    +[YY]YYYY-DDD

5.3.2.1

    YYYYWwwD
    YYYY-Www-D

5.2.3.2

    YYYYWww
    YYYY-Www
    YYWwwD
    YY-Www-D
    YYWww
    YY-Www
    -YWwwD
    -Y-Www-D
    -YWww
    -Y-Www
    -WwwD
    -Www-D
    -Www
    -W-D

5.2.3.4

    +[YY]YYYYWwwD
    +[YY]YYYY-Www-D
    +[YY]YYYYWww
    +[YY]YYYY-Www

5.3 Time of Day

5.3.1.1 - 5.3.1.3

optionally prefixed with 'T'

5.3.1.1

    hh:mm:ss

5.3.1.2

    hh:mm

5.3.1.3 - 5.3.1.4

fractional (decimal) separator maybe either ',' or '.'

5.3.1.3

    hhmmss,ss
    hh:mm:ss,ss
    hhmm,mm
    hh:mm,mm
    hh,hh

5.3.1.4

    -mm:ss
    -mmss,s
    -mm:ss,s
    -mm,m
    --ss,s

5.3.3 - 5.3.4.2

optionally prefixed with 'T'

5.3.3

    hhmmssZ
    hh:mm:ssZ
    hhmmZ
    hh:mmZ
    hhZ
    hhmmss.ssZ
    hh:mm:ss.ssZ

5.3.4.2

    hhmmss[+-]hhmm
    hh:mm:ss[+-]hh:mm
    hhmmss[+-]hh
    hh:mm:ss[+-]hh
    hhmmss.ss[+-]hhmm
    hh:mm:ss.ss[+-]hh:mm

5.4 Combinations of date and time of day

5.4.1

    YYYYMMDDThhmmss
    YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss
    YYYYMMDDThhmmssZ
    YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssZ
    YYYYMMDDThhmmss[+-]hhmm
    YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss[+-]hh:mm
    YYYYMMDDThhmmss[+-]hh
    YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss[+-]hh

5.4.2

   YYYYMMDDThhmmss.ss
   YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss.ss
   YYYYMMDDThhmmss.ss[+-]hhmm
   YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss.ss[+-]hh:mm

Support for this section is not complete.

    YYYYMMDDThhmm
    YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm
    YYYYDDDThhmmZ
    YYYY-DDDThh:mmZ
    YYYYWwwDThhmm[+-]hhmm
    YYYY-Www-DThh:mm[+-]hh

5.5 Time-Intervals

Will be supported in a later release.

Supported via parse_time

5.3.1.1 - 5.3.1.3

optionally prefixed with 'T'

5.3.1.1

    hhmmss

5.3.1.2

    hhmm
    hh

5.3.1.4

    -mmss
    -mm
    --ss

STANDARDS DOCUMENT

Title

    ISO8601:2000(E) 
    Data elements and interchange formats - information exchange -
    Representation of dates and times
    Second edition 2000-12-15

Reference Number

    ISO/TC 154 N 362

CREDITS

Iain 'Spoon' Truskett (SPOON) who wrote DateTime::Format::Builder. That has grown into The Vacuum Energy Powered Swiss Army Katana of date and time parsing. This module was inspired by and conceived in honor of Iain's work.

Tom Phoenix (PHOENIX) and PDX.pm for helping me solve the ISO week conversion bug. Not by fixing the code but motivation me to fix it so I could participate in a game of Zendo.

Jonathan Leffler (JOHNL) for reporting a test bug.

Kelly McCauley for a patch to add 8 missing formats.

Alasdair Allan (AALLAN) for complaining about excessive test execution time.

Everyone at the DateTime Asylum.

SUPPORT

Support for this module is provided via the <datetime@perl.org> email list. See http://lists.perl.org/ for more details.

AUTHOR

Joshua Hoblitt <jhoblitt@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2003-2005 Joshua Hoblitt. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

The full text of the licenses can be found in the LICENSE file included with this module, or in perlartistic and perlgpl as supplied with Perl 5.8.1 and later.

SEE ALSO

DateTime, DateTime::Format::Builder, http://datetime.perl.org/




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