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Jan Henning Thorsen


Mojo::Redis2 - Pure-Perl non-blocking I/O Redis driver




Mojo::Redis2 is a pure-Perl non-blocking I/O Redis driver for the Mojolicious real-time framework.

    Redis is an open source, BSD licensed, advanced key-value cache and store. It is often referred to as a data structure server since keys can contain strings, hashes, lists, sets, sorted sets, bitmaps and hyperloglogs. - http://redis.io.


  • Blocking support

    Mojo::Redis2 support blocking methods. NOTE: Calling non-blocking and blocking methods are supported on the same object, but might create a new connection to the server.

  • Error handling that makes sense

    Mojo::Redis was unable to report back errors that was bound to an operation. Mojo::Redis2 on the other hand always make sure each callback receive an error message on error.

  • One object for different operations

    Mojo::Redis had only one connection, so it could not do more than on blocking operation on the server side at the time (such as BLPOP, SUBSCRIBE, ...). This object creates new connections pr. blocking operation which makes it easier to avoid "blocking" bugs.



  use Mojo::Redis2;
  my $redis = Mojo::Redis2->new;

  # Will die() on error.
  $res = $redis->set(foo => "42"); # $res = OK
  $res = $redis->get("foo");       # $res = 42


    sub {
      my ($delay) = @_;
      $redis->ping($delay->begin)->get("foo", $delay->begin);
    sub {
      my ($delay, $ping_err, $ping, $get_err, $get) = @_;
      # On error: $ping_err and $get_err is set to a string
      # On success: $ping = "PONG", $get = "42";


Mojo::Redis2 can "subscribe" and re-use the same object to publish or run other Redis commands, since it can keep track of multiple connections to the same Redis server. It will also re-use the same connection when you (p)subscribe multiple times.

  $self->on(message => sub {
    my ($self, $message, $channel) = @_;

  $self->subscribe(["some:channel"], sub {
    my ($self, $err) = @_;

    return $self->publish("myapp:errors" => $err) if $err;
    return $self->incr("subscribed:to:some:channel");

Mojolicious app

  use Mojolicious::Lite;

  helper redis => sub { shift->stash->{redis} ||= Mojo::Redis2->new; };

  get '/' => sub {
    my $c = shift;

      sub {
        my ($delay) = @_;
        $c->redis->get('some:message', $delay->begin);
      sub {
        my ($delay, $err, $message) = @_;
        $c->render(json => { error => $err, message => $message });


Error handling

$err in this document is a string containing an error message or empty string on success.



  $self->on(connection => sub { my ($self, $info) = @_; ... });

Emitted when a new connection has been established. $info is a hash ref with:

    group => $str, # basic, blocking, blpop, brpop, brpoplpush, publish, ...
    id => $connection_id,
    nb => $bool, # blocking/non-blocking

Note: The structure of $info is EXPERIMENTAL.


  $self->on(error => sub { my ($self, $err) = @_; ... });

Emitted if an error occurs that can't be associated with an operation.


  $self->on(message => sub {
    my ($self, $message, $channel) = @_;

Emitted when a $message is received on a $channel after it has been subscribed to.


  $self->on(pmessage => sub {
    my ($self, $message, $channel, $pattern) = @_;

Emitted when a $message is received on a $channel matching a $pattern, after it has been subscribed to.



  $str = $self->encoding;
  $self = $self->encoding('UTF-8');

Holds the encoding using for data from/to Redis. Default is UTF-8.


DEPRECATED! The protocol object cannot be shared in high load environments.


  $str = $self->protocol_class;
  $self = $self->protocol_class('Protocol::Redis::XS');

Holds the class name used to parse/generate Redis messages. Defaults to Protocol::Redis::XS or Protocol::Redis.

Protocol::Redis::XS need to be installed manually.


  $url = $self->url;

Holds a Mojo::URL object with the location to the Redis server. Default is MOJO_REDIS_URL or "redis://localhost:6379". The "url" need to be set in constructor. Examples:

  Mojo::Redis2->new(url => "redis://x:$auth_key\@$server:$port/$database_index");
  Mojo::Redis2->new(url => "redis://");
  Mojo::Redis2->new(url => "redis://");
  Mojo::Redis2->new(url => "redis://x:s3cret\@");


In addition to the methods listed in this module, you can call these Redis methods on $self:

append, echo, decr, decrby, del, exists, expire, expireat, get, getbit, getrange, getset, hdel, hexists, hget, hgetall, hincrby, hkeys, hlen, hmget, hmset, hset, hsetnx, hvals, incr, incrby, keys, lindex, linsert, llen, lpop, lpush, lpushx, lrange, lrem, lset, ltrim, mget, move, mset, msetnx, persist, ping, publish, randomkey, rename, renamenx, rpop, rpoplpush, rpush, rpushx, sadd, scard, sdiff, sdiffstore, set, setbit, setex, setnx, setrange, sinter, sinterstore, sismember, smembers, smove, sort, spop, srandmember, srem, strlen, sunion, sunionstore, ttl, type, zadd, zcard, zcount, zincrby, zinterstore, zrange, zrangebyscore, zrank, zrem, zremrangebyrank, zremrangebyscore, zrevrange, zrevrangebyscore, zrevrank, zscore and zunionstore.

See http://redis.io/commands for details.


  $self = Mojo::Redis2->new(...);

Object constructor. Makes sure "url" is an object.


  $self = $self->blpop(@keys, $timeout, sub { my ($self, $err, $res) = @_; });

This method will issue the BLPOP command on the Redis server, but in its own connection. This means that $self can still be used to run other commands instead of being blocking.

Note: This method will only work in a non-blocking environment.

See also http://redis.io/commands/blpop.


  $self = $self->brpop(@keys, $timeout, sub { my ($self, $err, $res) = @_; });

Follows the same API as "blpop". See also http://redis.io/commands/brpop.


  $self = $self->brpoplpush($from => $to, $timeout, sub { my ($self, $err, $res) = @_; });

Follows the same API as "blpop". See also http://redis.io/commands/brpoplpush.


  $obj = $self->bulk;

Returns a Mojo::Redis2::Bulk object which can be used to group Redis operations.



Run "CLIENT" commands using Mojo::Redis2::Client.



Run server commands (CONFIG, INFO, SAVE, ...) using Mojo::Redis2::Backend.


  $txn = $self->multi;

This method does not perform the "MULTI" Redis command, but returns a Mojo::Redis2::Transaction object instead.

The Mojo::Redis2::Transaction object is a subclass of Mojo::Redis2, which will run all the Redis commands inside a transaction.


  $self = $self->psubscribe(\@patterns, sub { my ($self, $err, $res) = @_; ... });

Used to subscribe to channels that match @patterns. Messages arriving over a matching channel name will result in "pmessage" events.

See http://redis.io/topics/pubsub for details.


  $self = $self->punsubscribe(\@patterns, sub { my ($self, $err, $res) = @_; ... });

The reverse of "psubscribe". See http://redis.io/topics/pubsub for details.

scan, hscan, sscan, zscan

  $cur = $self->scan(0, MATCH => 'namesoace*', COUNT => 15);
  $cur = $self->hscan('hash.key', 0, MATCH => 'pref.*');
  $cur = $self->sscan('set.key', 0);
  $cur = $self->zscan('zset.key', 0);

  $res = $cur->next();

Methods from SCAN family will return Mojo::Redis2::Cursor object to iterate over elements collection.


  $self = $self->subscribe(\@channels, sub { my ($self, $err, $res) = @_; ... });

Used to subscribe to @channels. Messages arriving over a channel will result in "message" events.

See http://redis.io/topics/pubsub for details.


  $self = $self->unsubscribe(\@channels, sub { my ($self, $err, $res) = @_; ... });
  $self = $self->unsubscribe($event);
  $self = $self->unsubscribe($event, $cb);

The reverse of "subscribe". It will also call "unsubscribe" in Mojo::EventEmitter unless the first argument is an array-ref of @channels.

See http://redis.io/topics/pubsub for details.


Copyright (C) 2014, Jan Henning Thorsen

This program is free software, you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Artistic License version 2.0.


Andre Parker

Ben Tyler - benjamin.tyler@gmail.com

Jan Henning Thorsen - jhthorsen@cpan.org