- EXAMPLE 1
- EXAMPLE 2
- SEE ALSO
- COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
Mason::Manual::Intro - Getting started with Mason
A few quick examples to get your feet wet with Mason. See Mason::Manual::Tutorial for a more expansive tour of building a web site with Mason.
Hello world (from command-line)
After installing Mason, you should have a
mason command in your installation path (e.g.
/usr/local/bin). Try this:
% mason Hello! The local time is <% scalar(localtime) %>. ^D
(where '^D' means ctrl-D or EOF). You should see something like
Hello! The local time is Wed Mar 2 17:11:54 2011.
mason command reads in a Mason component (template), runs it, and prints the result to standard output. Notice that the tag
<% scalar(localtime) %>
was replaced with the value of its expression. This is called a substitution tag and is a central piece of Mason syntax.
Email generator (from script)
The command line is good for trying quick things, but eventually you're going to want to put your Mason components in files.
In a test directory, create a directory
comps and create a file
email.mc with the following:
<%class> has 'amount'; has 'name'; </%class> Dear <% $.name %>, We are pleased to inform you that you have won $<% sprintf(".2f", $.amount) %>! Sincerely, The Lottery Commission <%init> die "amount must be a positive value!" unless $.amount > 0; </%init>
In addition to the substitution tag we've seen before, we declare two attributes,
name, to be passed into the component; and we declare a piece of initialization code to validate the amount.
In the same test directory, create a script
test.pl with the following:
1 #!/usr/local/bin/perl 2 use Mason; 3 my $interp = Mason->new(comp_root => 'comps', data_dir => 'data'); 4 print $interp->run('/email', name => 'Joe', amount => '1500')->output;
Line 3 creates a Mason interpreter, the main Mason object. It specifies two parameters: a component root, indicating the directory hierarchy where your components will live; and a data directory, which Mason will use for internal purposes such as class generation and caching.
Line 4 runs the template - notice that the
.mc extension is added automatically - passing values for the
test.pl, and you should see
Dear Joe, We are pleased to inform you that you have won $1500.00! Sincerely, The Lottery Commission
Jonathan Swartz <firstname.lastname@example.org>
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
This software is copyright (c) 2011 by Jonathan Swartz.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.