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Alexander Karelas


XML::MyXML - A simple-to-use XML module, for parsing and creating XML documents


version 0.1003


    use XML::MyXML qw(tidy_xml xml_to_object);
    use XML::MyXML qw(:all);

    my $xml = "<item><name>Table</name><price><usd>10.00</usd><eur>8.50</eur></price></item>";
    print tidy_xml($xml);

    my $obj = xml_to_object($xml);
    print "Price in Euros = " . $obj->path('price/eur')->value;

    $obj->simplify is hashref { item => { name => 'Table', price => { usd => '10.00', eur => '8.50' } } }
    $obj->simplify({ internal => 1 }) is hashref { name => 'Table', price => { usd => '10.00', eur => '8.50' } }


*** This module will not be maintained anymore *** Please use XML::MyXML::II instead, which is also contained in this distribution ***

It's main improvements are: better unicode handling and automatic object destruction


tidy_xml, xml_to_object, object_to_xml, simple_to_xml, xml_to_simple, check_xml


This module can parse XML comments, CDATA sections, XML entities (the standard five and numeric ones) and simple non-recursive <!ENTITY>s

It will ignore (won't parse) <!DOCTYPE...>, <?...?> and other <!...> special markup

Parsed documents must be UTF-8 encoded unless an encoding is declared in the initial XML declaration <?xml ... ?> of the document. All XML documents produced by this module will be UTF-8 encoded, as will be all strings output by its functions.

XML documents to be parsed may not contain the > character unencoded in attribute values


Some functions and methods in this module accept optional flags, listed under each function in the documentation. They are optional, default to zero unless stated otherwise, and can be used as follows: function_name( $param1, { flag1 => 1, flag2 => 1 } ). This is what each flag does:

strip : the function will strip initial and ending whitespace from all text values returned

file : the function will expect the path to a file containing an XML document to parse, instead of an XML string

complete : the function's XML output will include an XML declaration (<?xml ... ?>) in the beginning

soft : the function will return undef instead of dying in case of an error during XML parsing

internal : the function will only return the contents of an element in a hashref instead of the element itself (see "SYNOPSIS" for example)

tidy : the function will return tidy XML

indentstring : when producing tidy XML, this denotes the string with which child elements will be indented (Default is the 'tab' character)

save : the function (apart from doing what it's supposed to do) will also save its XML output in a file whose path is denoted by this flag

strip_ns : strip the namespaces (characters up to and including ':') from the tags

xslt : will add a <?xml-stylesheet?> link in the XML that's being output, of type 'text/xsl', pointing to the filename or URL denoted by this flag

arrayref : the function will create a simple arrayref instead of a simple hashref (which will preserve order and elements with duplicate tags)

utf8 : the strings which will be returned will have their utf8 flag set (defaults to 0 for compatibility with software built with older versions of this module). The way this module works is that it holds everything in byte format internally (even if you provide it with a utf8 XML string), and then produces utf8 strings or simple structures if (and only if) asked for with this flag. UTF is an important issue, please read perldoc utf8 for more.



Returns the same string, but with the <, >, &, " and ' characters replaced by their XML entities (e.g. &amp;).


Returns the XML string in a tidy format (with tabs & newlines)

Optional flags: file, complete, indentstring, soft, save, utf8


Creates an 'XML::MyXML::Object' object from the raw XML provided

Optional flags: file, soft


Creates an XML string from the 'XML::MyXML::Object' object provided

Optional flags: complete, tidy, indentstring, save, utf8


Produces a raw XML string from either an array reference, a hash reference or a mixed structure such as these examples:

    { thing => { name => 'John', location => { city => 'New York', country => 'U.S.A.' } } }
    [ thing => [ name => 'John', location => [ city => 'New York', country => 'U.S.A.' ] ] ]
    { thing => { name => 'John', location => [ city => 'New York', city => 'Boston', country => 'U.S.A.' ] } }

Optional flags: complete, tidy, indentstring, save, xslt, utf8


Produces a very simple hash object from the raw XML string provided. An example hash object created thusly is this: { thing => { name => 'John', location => { city => 'New York', country => 'U.S.A.' } } }

Since the object created is a hashref, duplicate keys will be discarded. WARNING: This function only works on very simple XML strings, i.e. children of an element may not consist of both text and elements (child elements will be discarded in that case)

Optional flags: internal, strip, file, soft, strip_ns, arrayref, utf8


Returns 1 if the $raw_xml string is valid XML (valid enough to be used by this module), and 0 otherwise.

Optional flags: file



Returns the element specified by the path as an XML::MyXML::Object object. When there are more than one tags with the specified name in the last step of the path, it will return all of them as an array. In scalar context will only return the first one. CSS3-style attribute selectors are allowed in the path next to the tagnames, for example: p[class=big] will only return <p> elements that contain an attribute called "class" with a value of "big". p[class] on the other hand will return p elements having a "class" attribute, but that attribute can have any value.


When the element represented by the $obj object has only text contents, returns those contents as a string. If the $obj element has no contents, value will return an empty string.

Optional flags: strip, utf8

$obj->attr('attrname' [, 'attrvalue'])

Gets/Sets the value of the 'attrname' attribute of the top element. Returns undef if attribute does not exist. If called without the 'attrname' paramter, returns a hash with all attribute => value pairs. If setting with an attrvalue of undef, then removes that attribute entirely.

Optional flags: utf8


Returns the tag of the $obj element (after stripping it from namespaces, unless the strip_ns option is passed as false). E.g. if $obj represents an <rss:item> element, $obj->tag will just return the name 'item'. Returns undef if $obj doesn't represent a tag.

Optional flags: utf8, strip_ns


Returns a very simple hashref, like the one returned with &XML::MyXML::xml_to_simple. Same restrictions and warnings apply.

Optional flags: internal, strip, strip_ns, arrayref, utf8


Returns the XML string of the object, just like calling object_to_xml( $obj )

Optional flags: complete, tidy, indentstring, save, utf8


Returns the XML string of the object in tidy form, just like calling tidy_xml( object_to_xml( $obj ) )

Optional flags: complete, indentstring, save, utf8


Deletes the object and all its children from memory. This is the only way to remove an XML object from memory and clear the RAM, since children and parents refer to each other circularly.

The way it works is by removing references from the object's descendants to their parents.


If you don't have a Github account to report your issues at https://github.com/akarelas/xml-myxml/issues, then feel free to report any bugs or feature requests to bug-xml-myxml at rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=XML-MyXML. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.


Alexander Karelas <karjala@cpan.org>


This software is copyright (c) 2013 by Alexander Karelas.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.