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Lincoln D. Stein
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VM::EC2::Volume - Object describing an Amazon EBS volume


  use VM::EC2;

  $ec2       = VM::EC2->new(...);
  @vol = $ec2->describe_volumes;
  for my $vol (@vols) {
    $id    = $vol->volumeId;
    $size  = $vol->size;
    $snap  = $vol->snapshotId;
    $zone  = $vol->availabilityZone;
    $status = $vol->status;
    $ctime = $vol->createTime;
    @attachments = $vol->attachments;
    $attachment  = $vol->attachment;
    $origin      = $vol->from_snapshot;
    @snapshots   = $vol->to_snapshots;
  $vols[0]->create_snapshot('automatic snapshot')


This object is used to describe an Amazon EBS volume. It is returned by VM::EC2->describe_volumes().


The following object methods are supported:

 volumeId         -- ID of this volume.
 size             -- Size of this volume (in GB).
 snapshotId       -- ID of snapshot this volume was created from.
 availabilityZone -- Availability zone in which this volume resides.
 status           -- Volume state, one of "creating", "available",
                     "in-use", "deleting", "deleted", "error"
 createTime       -- Timestamp for when volume was created.
 volumeType       -- The volume type, one of "standard", "io1", or "gp2"
 iops             -- The number of I/O operations per second that the volume
                     supports, an integer between 100 and 4000. Only valid for
                     volumes of type "io1".
 encrypted        -- True if volume is encrypted.
 tags             -- Hashref containing tags associated with this group.
                     See L<VM::EC2::Generic>.

In addition, this class provides several convenience functions:

$attachment = $vol->attachment

@attachments = $vol->attachments

The attachment() method returns a VM::EC2::BlockDevice::Attachment object describing the attachment of this volume to an instance. If the volume is unused, then this returns undef.

The attachments() method is similar, except that it returns a list of the attachments. Currently an EBS volume can only be attached to one instance at a time, but the Amazon call syntax supports multiple attachments and this method is provided for future compatibility.

$attachment = $vol->attach($instance,$device)

$attachment = $vol->attach(-instance_id=>$instance,-device=>$device)

Attach this volume to an instance using virtual device $device. Both arguments are required. The result is a VM::EC2::BlockDevice::Attachment object which you can monitor by calling current_status():

    my $a = $volume->attach('i-12345','/dev/sdg');
    while ($a->current_status ne 'attached') {
       sleep 2;
    print "volume is ready to go\n";

$attachment = $volume->detach()

$attachment = $volume->detach(-instance_id=>$instance_id, -device=>$device, -force=>$force);

Detaches this volume. With no arguments, will detach the volume from whatever instance it is currently attached to. Provide -instance_id and/or -device as a check that you are detaching the volume from the expected instance and device.

Optional arguments:

 -instance_id    -- ID of the instance to detach from.
 -device         -- How the device is exposed to the instance.
 -force          -- Force detachment, even if previous attempts were

The result is a VM::EC2::BlockDevice::Attachment object which you can monitor by calling current_status():

    my $a = $volume->detach;
    while ($a->current_status ne 'detached') {
       sleep 2;
    print "volume is ready to go\n";

$boolean = $vol->deleteOnTermination([$boolean])

Get or set the deleteOnTermination flag for attached volumes. If the volume is unattached, then this causes a fatal error. Called with no arguments, this method returns the current state of the deleteOnTermination flag for the volume's attachment. Called with a true/false argument, the method sets the flag by calling modify_instance_attributes() on the corresponding instance and returns true if successful.

$snap = $vol->from_snapshot

Returns the VM::EC2::Snapshot object that this volume was originally derived from. It will return undef if the resource no longer exists, or if the volume was created from scratch.

@snap = $vol->to_snapshots

If this volume has been used to create one or more snapshots, this method will return them as a list of VM::EC2::Snapshot objects.

$snapshot = $vol->create_snapshot('Description')

Create a snapshot of the volume and return a VM::EC2::Snapshot object. To ensure a consistent snapshot, you should unmount the volume before snapshotting it. The optional argument allows you to add a description to the snapshot.

Here is an example:

  $s = $volume->create_snapshot("Backed up at ".localtime);
  while ($s->current_status eq 'pending') {
     print "Progress: ",$s->progress,"% done\n";
  print "Snapshot status: ",$s->current_status,"\n";

$status = $vol->current_status

This returns the up-to-date status of the volume. It works by calling refresh() and then returning status().

$boolean = $vol->auto_enable_io([$new_boolean])

Get or set the auto-enable IO flag.

$boolean = $vol->enable_volume_io()

Enable volume I/O after it has been disabled by an Amazon health check. If successful, the call will return true.


When used in a string context, this object will interpolate the volumeId.


VM::EC2 VM::EC2::Generic VM::EC2::Snapshot VM::EC2::BlockDevice VM::EC2::BlockDevice::Attachment


Lincoln Stein <lincoln.stein@gmail.com>.

Copyright (c) 2011 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research

This package and its accompanying libraries is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GPL (either version 1, or at your option, any later version) or the Artistic License 2.0. Refer to LICENSE for the full license text. In addition, please see DISCLAIMER.txt for disclaimers of warranty.