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Mark Overmeer
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XML::Compile::WSDL11 - create SOAP messages defined by WSDL 1.1


   is a XML::Compile::Cache
   is a XML::Compile::Schema
   is a XML::Compile


 # preparation
 use XML::Compile::WSDL11;      # use WSDL version 1.1
 use XML::Compile::SOAP11;      # use SOAP version 1.1
 use XML::Compile::Transport::SOAPHTTP;

 my $wsdl = XML::Compile::WSDL11->new($wsdlfile);
 $wsdl->addWSDL(...more WSDL files...);
 $wsdl->importDefinitions(...more schemas...);

 # during initiation, for each used call
 my $call = $wsdl->compileClient('GetStockPrice', ...);

 # at "run-time", call as often as you want (fast)
 my $answer = $call->(%request);

 # capture useful trace information
 my ($answer, $trace) = $call->(%request);

 # no need to administer the operations by hand: alternative
 $wsdl->compileCalls;  # at initiation
 my $answer = $wsdl->call(GetStockPrice => %request);

 # investigate the %request structure (server input)
 print $wsdl->explain('GetStockPrice', PERL => 'INPUT', recurse => 1);

 # investigate the $answer structure (server output)
 print $wsdl->explain('GetStockPrice', PERL => 'OUTPUT');

 # when you like, get all operation definitions
 my @all_ops = $wsdl->operations;

 # Install XML::Compile::SOAP::Daemon
 my $server  = XML::Compile::SOAP::HTTPDaemon->new;
 undef $wsdl;    # not needed any further
 # For debug info, start your script with:
 use Log::Report mode => 'DEBUG';


This module understands WSDL version 1.1. An WSDL file defines a set of messages to be send and received over (SOAP) connections. This involves encoding of the message to be send into XML, sending the message to the server, collect the answer, and finally decoding the XML to Perl.

As end-user, you do not have to worry about the complex details of the messages and the way to exchange them: it's all simple Perl for you. Also, faults are handled automatically. The only complication you have to worry about is to shape a nested HASH structure to the sending message structure. XML::Compile::Schema::template() may help you.

When the definitions are spread over multiple files you will need to use addWSDL() (wsdl) or importDefinitions() (additional schema's) explicitly. Usually, interreferences between those files are broken. Often they reference over networks (you should never trust). So, on purpose you must explicitly load the files you need from local disk! (of course, it is simple to find one-liners as work-arounds, but I will to tell you how!)



XML::Compile::WSDL11->new(XML, OPTIONS)

The XML is the WSDL file, which is anything accepted by XML::Compile::dataToXML().

 -Option            --Defined in     --Default
  allow_undeclared    XML::Compile::Cache  <false>
  any_element         XML::Compile::Cache  'SKIP_ALL'
  block_namespace     XML::Compile::Schema  []
  hook                XML::Compile::Schema  undef
  hooks               XML::Compile::Schema  []
  ignore_unused_tags  XML::Compile::Schema  <false>
  key_rewrite         XML::Compile::Schema  []
  opts_readers        XML::Compile::Cache  []
  opts_rw             XML::Compile::Cache  []
  opts_writers        XML::Compile::Cache  []
  parser_options      XML::Compile     <many>
  prefixes            XML::Compile::Cache  <smart>
  schema_dirs         XML::Compile     undef
  typemap             XML::Compile::Cache  {}
  xsi_type            XML::Compile::Cache  {}
allow_undeclared => BOOLEAN
hooks => ARRAY-OF-HOOK
ignore_unused_tags => BOOLEAN|REGEXP
key_rewrite => HASH|CODE|ARRAY-of-HASH-and-CODE
opts_readers => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
opts_rw => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
opts_writers => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
parser_options => HASH|ARRAY
prefixes => HASH|ARRAY-of-PAIRS
typemap => HASH|ARRAY
xsi_type => HASH|ARRAY


$obj->addCompileOptions(['READERS'|'WRITERS'|'RW'], OPTIONS)

See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Cache


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Schema

$obj->addHooks(HOOK, [HOOK, ...])

See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Schema

$obj->addKeyRewrite(PREDEF|CODE|HASH, ...)

See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile

$obj->addSchemas(XML, OPTIONS)

See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Cache


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Cache


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Cache


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Cache


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Cache


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Cache


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Cache

$obj->useSchema(SCHEMA, [SCHEMA])

See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Accessors" in XML::Compile::Cache


$obj->call(OPERATION, DATA)

[2.20] Call the OPERATION (by name) with DATA (HASH or LIST of parameters). This only works when you have called compileCalls() beforehand, always during the initiation phase of the program.


   # at initiation time (compile once)

   # at runtime (run often)
   my $answer = $wsdl->call($operation, $request);
$obj->compile(('READER'|'WRITER'), TYPE, OPTIONS)

See "Compilers" in XML::Compile::Schema

$obj->compileAll(['READERS'|'WRITERS'|'RW'|'CALLS', [NAMESPACE]])

[2.20] With explicit CALLS or without any parameter, it will call compileCalls(). Otherwise, see XML::Compile::Cache::compileAll().


[2.20] Compile a handler for each of the available operations. The OPTIONS are passed to each call of compileClient(), but will be overruled by more specific declared options.

Additionally, OPTIONS can contain service, port, and binding to limit the set of involved calls. See operations() for details on these options.

You may declare additional specific compilation options with the declare() method.


   my $trans = XML::Compile::Transport::SOAPHTTP
     ->new(timeout => 500, address => $wsdl->endPoint);
   $wsdl->compileCalls(transport => $trans);

   # alternatives for simple cases
   my $answer = $wsdl->call($myop, $request);

See "Compilers" in XML::Compile


See "Compilers" in XML::Compile

$obj->reader(TYPE|NAME, OPTIONS)

See "Compilers" in XML::Compile::Cache

$obj->template('XML'|'PERL'|'TREE', ELEMENT, OPTIONS)

See "Compilers" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Compilers" in XML::Compile::Cache



The XMLDATA must be acceptable to XML::Compile::dataToXML() and should represent the top-level of a (partial) WSDL document. The specification can be spread over multiple files, each of which must have a definition root element.

$obj->compileClient([NAME], OPTIONS)

Creates an XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation temporary object using operation(), and then calls compileClient() on that.

The OPTIONS available include all of the options for:

You cannot pass options for XML::Compile::Schema::compile(), like <sloppy_integers = 0>>, hooks or typemaps this way. Use new(opts_rw) and friends to declare those.


  my $call = $wsdl->compileClient
    ( operation => 'HelloWorld'
    , port      => 'PrefillSoap' # only needed when multiple ports
  my ($answer, $trace) = $call->($request);

Returns the list of names available for a certain definition CLASS in the WSDL. See index() for a way to determine the available CLASS information.

$obj->operation([NAME], OPTIONS)

Collect all information for a certain operation. Returned is an XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation object.

An operation is defined by a service name, a port, some bindings, and an operation name, which can be specified explicitly and is often left-out: in the many configurations where there are no alternative choices. In case there are alternatives, you will be requested to pick an option.

 -Option   --Default
  action     <undef>
  operation  <required>
  port       <only when just one port in WSDL>
  service    <only when just one service in WSDL>
action => STRING

Overrule the soapAction from the WSDL.

operation => NAME

Ignored when the parameter list starts with a NAME (which is an alternative for this option). Optional when there is only one operation defined within the portType.

port => NAME

Required when more than one port is defined.


Required when more than one service is defined.



Register specific compile OPTIONS for the specific COMPONENT. See also XML::Compile::Cache::declare(). The GROUP is either READER, WRITER, RW (both reader and writer), or OPERATION. As COMPONENT, you specify the element name (for readers and writers) or operation name (for operations). OPTIONS are specified as LIST, ARRAY or HASH.


   $wsdl->declare(OPERATION => 'GetStockPrice', @extra_opts);
   my $answer = $wsdl->call(GetStockPrice => %request);
$obj->doesExtend(EXTTYPE, BASETYPE)

See "Administration" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Administration" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Administration" in XML::Compile::Cache


See "Administration" in XML::Compile

$obj->importDefinitions(XMLDATA, OPTIONS)

See "Administration" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Administration" in XML::Compile


See "Administration" in XML::Compile::Schema


See "Administration" in XML::Compile::Schema

$obj->walkTree(NODE, CODE)

See "Administration" in XML::Compile


All of the following methods are usually NOT meant for end-users. End-users should stick to the operation() and compileClient() methods.


[2.20] Returns the address of the server, as specified by the WSDL. When there are no alternatives for service or port, you not not need to specify those paramters.

 -Option --Default
  port     <undef>
  service  <undef>
port => NAME

[2.13] Produce templates (see XML::Compile::Schema::template() which detail the use of the OPERATION. Currently, only the PERL template FORMAT is available.

The DIRECTION of operation is either INPUT (input for the server, hence to be produced by the client), or OUTPUT (from the server, received by the client).

The actual work is done by XML::Compile::SOAP::Operation::explain(). The OPTIONS passed to that method include recurse and skip_header.


  print $wsdl->explain('CheckStatus', PERL => 'INPUT');

  print $wsdl->explain('CheckStatus', PERL => 'OUTPUT'
     , recurse => 1                 # explain options
     , port    => 'Soap12PortName'  # operation options

With a QNAME, the HASH which contains the parsed XML information from the WSDL template for that CLASS-NAME combination is returned. You may also have a PREFIXED name, using one of the predefined namespace abbreviations. Otherwise, NAME is considered to be the localName in that class. When the NAME is not found, an error is produced.

Without QNAME in SCALAR context, there may only be one such name defined otherwise an error is produced. In LIST context, all definitions in CLASS are returned.


 $service  = $obj->findDef(service => 'http://xyz');
 @services = $obj->findDef('service');
$obj->index([CLASS, [QNAME]])

With a CLASS and QNAME, it returns one WSDL definition HASH or undef. Returns the index for the CLASS group of names as HASH. When no CLASS is specified, a HASH of HASHes is returned with the CLASSes on the top-level.

CLASS includes service, binding, portType, and message.


Return a list with all operations defined in the WSDL.

 -Option --Default
  binding  <undef>
  port     <undef>
  service  <undef>
binding => NAME

Only return operations which use the binding with the specified NAME. By default, all bindings are accepted.

port => NAME

Return only operations related to the specified port NAME. By default operations from all ports.

service => NAME

Only return operations related to the NAMEd service, by default all services.

$obj->printIndex([FILEHANDLE], OPTIONS)

For available OPTIONS, see operations(). This method is useful to understand the structure of your WSDL: it shows a nested list of services, bindings, ports and portTypes.

 -Option       --Defined in         --Default
  show_declared  XML::Compile::Cache  <true>
show_declared => BOOLEAN



Collecting definitions

Organizing your definitions

Addressing components

Representing data-structures



complexType and complexType/complexContent

Manually produced XML NODE


Default Values

Repetative blocks

repetative sequence, choice, all

repetative groups

repetative substitutionGroups

List type

Using substitutionGroup constructs

Wildcards any and anyAttribute

ComplexType with "mixed" attribute

hexBinary and base64Binary

Schema hooks

defining hooks

general syntax

hooks on matching types

hooks on matching ids

hooks on matching paths


Private variables in objects

Typemap limitations

Handling xsi:type

Key rewrite

key_rewrite via table

rewrite via function

key_rewrite when localNames collide

rewrite for convenience

pre-defined key_rewrite rules

Initializing SOAP operations via WSDL

When you have a WSDL file, then SOAP is simple. If there is no such file at hand, then it is still possible to use SOAP. See the DETAILS chapter in XML::Compile::SOAP.

The WSDL file contains operations which can be addressed by name. In the WSDL file you need to find the name of the port to be used. In most cases, the WSDL has only one service, one port, one binding, and one portType and those names can therefore be omitted. If there is a choice, then you must explicitly select one.

 use XML::Compile::WSDL11 ();

 # once in your program
 my $wsdl   = XML::Compile::WSDL11->new('def.wsdl');

 # XML::Compile::Schema refuses to follow "include" and
 # "import" commands, so you need to invoke them explicitly.
 # $wsdl->addWSDL('file2.wsdl');            # optional
 # $wsdl->importDefinitions('schema1.xsd'); # optional

 # once for each of the defined operations
 my $call   = $wsdl->compileClient('GetStockPrice');

 # see XML::Compile::SOAP chapter DETAILS about call params
 my $answer = $call->(%request);


This module is part of XML-Compile-SOAP distribution version 2.29, built on August 16, 2012. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/xml-compile/

Other distributions in this suite: XML::Compile, XML::Compile::SOAP, XML::Compile::SOAP12, XML::Compile::SOAP::Daemon, XML::Compile::SOAP::WSA, XML::Compile::C14N, XML::Compile::WSS, XML::Compile::Tester, XML::Compile::Cache, XML::Compile::Dumper, XML::Compile::RPC, XML::Rewrite, XML::eXistDB, and XML::LibXML::Simple.

Please post questions or ideas to the mailinglist at http://lists.scsys.co.uk/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/xml-compile For live contact with other developers, visit the #xml-compile channel on irc.perl.org.


Copyrights 2007-2012 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html