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Karel Miko
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Crypt::ScryptKDF - Scrypt password based key derivation function


 ###### creating raw scrypt-based derived key
 use Crypt::ScryptKDF qw(scrypt_raw scrypt_hex scrypt_b64);
 my $binary_buffer = scrypt_raw($password, $salt, $N, $r, $p, $len);
 my $hexadecimal_string = scrypt_hex($password, $salt, $N, $r, $p, $len);
 my $base64_string = scrypt_b64($password, $salt, $N, $r, $p, $len);

 $key_binary = scrypt_raw($password);
 $key_binary = scrypt_raw($password, $salt);
 $key_binary = scrypt_raw($password, $N, $r, $p, $len);

 #the same applies for
 $key_hex = scrypt_hex($password);
 $key_hex = scrypt_hex($password, $salt);
 $key_hex = scrypt_hex($password, $N, $r, $p, $len);
 $key_base64 = scrypt_b64($password);
 $key_base64 = scrypt_b64($password, $salt);
 $key_base64 = scrypt_b64($password, $N, $r, $p, $len);

 ###### creating / verifying scrypt-based password hash
 use Crypt::ScryptKDF qw(scrypt_hash scrypt_hash_verify random_bytes);

 my $hash = scrypt_hash("secret password");
 # .. later
 die "Invalid password" unless scrypt_hash_verify("secret password", $hash);

 #or by specifying Scrypt parameters
 my $salt = random_bytes(32);
 my $hash = scrypt_hash($password, $salt, $N, $r, $p, $len);
 my $hash = scrypt_hash($password, $N, $r, $p, $len);
 my $hash = scrypt_hash($password, $salt);


Scrypt is a password-based key derivation function (like for example PBKDF2). Scrypt was designed to be "memory-hard" algorithm in order to make it expensive to perform large scale custom hardware attacks.

It can be used for:

  • deriving cryptographic keys from low-entropy password (like PBKDF2)

  • creating (+validating) password hashes (like PBKDF2 or Bcrypt)

More details about Scrypt: http://www.tarsnap.com/scrypt/scrypt.pdf and https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-josefsson-scrypt-kdf-00

IMPORTANT: This module needs a cryptographically strong random number generator. It tries to use one of the following:


  • scrypt_raw

     my $derived_key_raw_bytes = scrypt_raw($password, $salt, $N, $r, $p, $len);
     #  $password - low-entropy secret (bytes)
     #  $salt - random bytes (bytes)
     #  $N - CPU/memory cost (has to be power of 2 and >1); DEFAULT: 2^14
     #  $r - block size parameter; DEFAULT: 8
     #  $p - parallelization parameter; DEFAULT: 1
     #  $len - length of derived key (in bytes); DEFAULT: 32
     #  derived key (raw bytes) of length $len
  • scrypt_hex

    Similar to scrypt_raw only the return value is encoded as hexadecimal value.

  • scrypt_b64

    Similar to scrypt_raw only the return value is BASE64 encoded.

  • scrypt_hash

     my $hash_string = scrypt_hash($password, $salt, $N, $r, $p, $len);
     #  arguments same as scrypt_raw
     #  string with password hash (suitable for storing in DB) e.g.
     #  'SCRYPT:16384:8:1:BK8jkrqgm3BEtMh/g+WGL+k8ZeoAo=:YsEnQWld4UK8EqRZ9JuGbQnnlkXaM='
  • scrypt_hash_verify

     my $is_valid = scrypt_hash_verify($password, $hash);
     #  $password - password to be verified
     #  $hash - hash previously created via scrypt_hash
     #  1 (ok) or 0 (fail)
  • random_bytes

     my $salt = random_bytes($len);
     #  $len - number of ramdom bytes
     #  $len random octets


This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.


Copyright (c) 2013 DCIT, a.s. http://www.dcit.cz / Karel Miko