- NO WARRANTY
- SEE ALSO
App::cpanminus - get, unpack, build and install modules from CPAN
cpanm -h or
perldoc cpanm for more options.
cpanminus is a script to get, unpack, build and install modules from CPAN and does nothing else.
It's dependency free (can bootstrap itself), requires zero configuration, and stands alone. When running, it requires only 10MB of RAM.
There are several ways to install cpanminus to your system.
There are Debian packages, RPMs, FreeBSD ports, and packages for other operation systems available. If you want to use the package management system, search for cpanminus and use the appropriate command to install. This makes it easy to install
cpanm to your system without thinking about where to install, and later upgrade.
You can also use the latest cpanminus to install cpanminus itself:
curl -L http://cpanmin.us | perl - --sudo App::cpanminus
This will install
cpanm to your bin directory like
/usr/local/bin (unless you configured
INSTALL_BASE with local::lib), so you probably need the
If you have perl in your home directory, which is the case if you use tools like perlbrew, you don't need the
--sudo option, since you're most likely to have a write permission to the perl's library path. You can just do:
curl -L http://cpanmin.us | perl - App::cpanminus
to install the
cpanm executable to the perl's bin path, like
You can also copy the standalone executable to whatever location you'd like.
cd ~/bin curl -LO http://xrl.us/cpanm chmod +x cpanm # edit shebang if you don't have /usr/bin/env
This just works, but be sure to grab the new version manually when you upgrade because
--self-upgrade might not work for this.
perl 5.8 or later.
'tar' executable (bsdtar or GNU tar version 1.22 are recommended) or Archive::Tar to unpack files.
C compiler, if you want to build XS modules.
Module::Build (core in 5.10)
OK, the first motivation was this: the CPAN shell runs out of memory (or swaps heavily and gets really slow) on Slicehost/linode's most affordable plan with only 256MB RAM. Should I pay more to install perl modules from CPAN? I don't think so.
First of all, let me be clear that CPAN and CPANPLUS are great tools I've used for literally years (you know how many modules I have on CPAN, right?). I really respect their efforts of maintaining the most important tools in the CPAN toolchain ecosystem.
However, for less experienced users (mostly from outside the Perl community), or even really experienced Perl developers who know how to shoot themselves in their feet, setting up the CPAN toolchain often feels like yak shaving, especially when all they want to do is just install some modules and start writing code.
It queries the CPAN Meta DB site at http://cpanmetadb.plackperl.org/. The site is updated at least every hour to reflect the latest changes from fast syncing mirrors. The script then also falls back to query the module at http://metacpan.org/ using its wonderful API.
Upon calling these API hosts, cpanm (1.6004 or later) will send the local perl versions to the server in User-Agent string by default. You can turn it off with
Fetched files are unpacked in
~/.cpanm and automatically cleaned up periodically. You can configure the location of this with the
PERL_CPANM_HOME environment variable.
It installs to wherever ExtUtils::MakeMaker and Module::Build are configured to (via
PERL_MB_OPT). So if you're using local::lib, then it installs to your local perl5 directory. Otherwise it installs to the site_perl directory that belongs to your perl.
cpanminus at a boot time checks whether you have configured local::lib, or have the permission to install modules to the site_perl directory. If neither, it automatically sets up local::lib compatible installation path in a
perl5 directory under your home directory. To avoid this, run the script as the root user, with
--sudo option or with
It is more likely a problem with the distribution itself. cpanminus doesn't support or is known to have issues with distributions like as follows:
Tests that require input from STDIN.
Tests that might fail when
Modules that have invalid numeric values as VERSION (such as
These failures can be reported back to the author of the module so that they can fix it accordingly, rather than me.
Most likely not. Here are the things that cpanm doesn't do by itself. And it's a feature - you got that from the name minus, right?
CPAN testers reporting. See App::cpanminus::reporter
Building RPM packages from CPAN modules
Listing the outdated modules that needs upgrading. See App::cpanoutdated
Showing the changes of the modules you're about to upgrade. See cpan-listchanges
Patching CPAN modules with distroprefs.
See cpanm or
cpanm -h to see what cpanminus can do :)
Copyright 2010- Tatsuhiko Miyagawa
The standalone executable contains the following modules embedded.
- CPAN::DistnameInfo Copyright 2003 Graham Barr
- Parse::CPAN::Meta Copyright 2006-2009 Adam Kennedy
- local::lib Copyright 2007-2009 Matt S Trout
- HTTP::Tiny Copyright 2011 Christian Hansen
- Module::Metadata Copyright 2001-2006 Ken Williams. 2010 Matt S Trout
- version Copyright 2004-2010 John Peacock
- JSON::PP Copyright 2007-2011 by Makamaka Hannyaharamitu
- CPAN::Meta, CPAN::Meta::Requirements Copyright (c) 2010 by David Golden and Ricardo Signes
- CPAN::Meta::YAML Copyright 2010 Adam Kennedy
- File::pushd Copyright 2012 David Golden
This software is licensed under the same terms as Perl.
Patches and code improvements were contributed by:
Goro Fuji, Kazuhiro Osawa, Tokuhiro Matsuno, Kenichi Ishigaki, Ian Wells, Pedro Melo, Masayoshi Sekimura, Matt S Trout (mst), squeeky, horus and Ingy dot Net.
Bug reports, suggestions and feedbacks were sent by, or general acknowledgement goes to:
Jesse Vincent, David Golden, Andreas Koenig, Jos Boumans, Chris Williams, Adam Kennedy, Audrey Tang, J. Shirley, Chris Prather, Jesse Luehrs, Marcus Ramberg, Shawn M Moore, chocolateboy, Chirs Nehren, Jonathan Rockway, Leon Brocard, Simon Elliott, Ricardo Signes, AEvar Arnfjord Bjarmason, Eric Wilhelm, Florian Ragwitz and xaicron.
- http://github.com/miyagawa/cpanminus - source code repository, issue tracker
- irc://irc.perl.org/#toolchain - discussions about Perl toolchain. I'm there.
This software is provided "as-is," without any express or implied warranty. In no event shall the author be held liable for any damages arising from the use of the software.