++ed by:
ILUX ZMUGHAL EMAZEP DELON

4 PAUSE users
2 non-PAUSE users.

Marc A. Lehmann

NAME

Gimp - Perl extension for writing Gimp Extensions/Plug-ins/Load & Save-Handlers

This is mostly a reference manual. For a quick intro, look at Fu.

RATIONALE

Well, scheme (which is used by script-fu), is IMnsHO the crappiest language ever (well, the crappiest language that one actually can use, so it's not _that_ bad). Scheme has the worst of all languages, no data types, but still using variables. Look at haskell (http://www.haskell.org) to see how functional is done right.

Since I was unable to write a haskell interface (and perl is the traditional scripting language), I wrote a Perl interface instead. Not too bad a decision I believe...

SYNOPSIS

  use Gimp;
  
  Other modules of interest:
  
  use Gimp::Fu;         # easy scripting environment
  use Gimp::PDL;        # interface to the Perl Data Language
  
  these have their own manpage.

IMPORT TAGS

If you don't specify any import tags, Gimp assumes :consts which is usually what you want.

:auto

Import useful constants, like RGB, RUN_NONINTERACTIVE... as well as all libgimp and pdb functions automagically into the caller's namespace. BEWARE! This will overwrite your AUTOLOAD function, if you have one!

:param

Import PARAM_* constants (PARAM_INT32, PARAM_STRING etc.) only.

:consts

All constants from gimpenums.h (BG_IMAGE_FILL, RUN_NONINTERACTIVE, NORMAL_MODE, PARAM_INT32 etc.).

The default (unless '' is specified) is gimp_main main :auto.

GETTING STARTED

You should first read the Gimp::Fu manpage and then come back. This manpage is mainly intended for reference purposes.

Also, Dov Grobgeld has written an excellent tutorial for Gimp-Perl. You can find it at http://imagic.weizmann.ac.il/~dov/gimp/perl-tut.html

DESCRIPTION

I think you already know what this is about: writing Gimp plug-ins/extensions/scripts/file-handlers/standalone-scripts, just about everything you can imagine in perl. If you are missing functionality (look into TODO first), please feel free contact the author...

Some hilights:

  • Networked plug-ins and plug-ins using the libgimp interfaces (i.e. to be started from within The Gimp) look almost the same (if you use the Gimp::Fu interface, there will be no visible differences at all), you can easily create hybrid (networked & libgimp) scripts as well.

  • Use either a plain pdb (scheme-like) interface or nice object-oriented syntax, i.e. "gimp_layer_new(600,300,RGB)" is the same as "new Image(600,300,RGB)"

  • Gimp::Fu will start The Gimp for you, if it cannot connect to an existing gimp process.

  • You can optionally overwrite the pixel-data functions by versions using piddles (see PDL)

noteworthy limitations (subject to be changed):

  • callback procedures do not poass return values to The Gimp.

OUTLINE OF A GIMP PLUG-IN

All plug-ins (and extensions etc.) _must_ contain a call to Gimp::main. The return code should be immediately handed out to exit:

 C<exit main;>          # Gimp::main is exported by default.

Before the call to Gimp::main, no other PDB function must be called.

In a Gimp::Fu-script, you should call Gimp::Fu::main instead:

 C<exit main;>          # Gimp::Fu::main is exported by default as well.

This is similar to Gtk, Tk or similar modules, where you have to call the main eventloop.

CALLBACKS

If you use the plain Gimp module (as opposed to Gimp::Fu), your program should only call one function: gimp_main. Everything else is going to be called from The Gimp at a later stage. For this to work, you should define certain call-backs in the same module you called Gimp::main:

init (), query (), quit ()

the standard libgimp callback functions. run() is missing, because this module will directly call the function you registered with gimp_install_procedure. Some only make sense for extensions, some only for normal plug-ins.

<installed_procedure>()

The callback for a registered function (gimp_install_procedure and friends). The arguments from The Gimp are passed as normal arguments (with the exception of arrays being passed without a preceding count).

The return values from <installed_procedure>() are checked against the specification, with the exception that a single undef is treated like no arguments. you can return less, but not more results than specified.

If you die within the callback, the error will be reported to The Gimp (as soon as The Gimp implements such a functionality) as an execution error.

net ()

this is called when the plug-in is not started directly from within the Gimp, but instead from the Net-Server (the perl network server extension you hopefully have installed and started ;)

CALLING GIMP FUNCTIONS

There are two different flavours of gimp-functions. Functions from the PDB (the Procedural DataBase), and functions from libgimp (the C-language interface library).

You can get a listing and description of every PDB function by starting the DB Browser extension in the Gimp-Xtns menu (but remember that DB Browser is buggy and displays "_" (underscores) as "-" (dashes), so you can't see the difference between gimp_quit and gimp-quit. As a rule of thumb, Script-Fu registers scripts with dashes, and everything else uses underscores).

libgimp functions can't be traced (and won't be traceable in the foreseeable future).

To call pdb functions (or equivalent libgimp functions), just treat them like normal perl (this requires the use of the :auto import tag, but see below for another possibility!):

 gimp_palette_set_foreground([20,5,7]);
 gimp_palette_set_background("cornsilk");

If you don't use the :auto import tag, you can call all Gimp functions using OO-Syntax:

 Gimp->gimp_palette_set_foreground([20,5,7]);
 Gimp->palette_set_background("cornsilk");
 Palette->set_foreground('#1230f0');

As you can see, you can also drop part of the name prefixes with this syntax, so its actually shorter to write.

"But how do I call functions containing dashes?". Well, get your favourite perl book and learn perl! Anyway, newer perls understand a nice syntax (see also the description for gimp_call_procedure):

 "plug-in-the-egg"->(RUN_INTERACTIVE,$image,$drawable);

Very old perls may need:

 &{"plug-in-the-egg"}(RUN_INTERACTIVE,$image,$drawable);

(unfortunately. the plug-in in this example is actually called "plug_in_the_egg" *sigh*)

SPECIAL FUNCTIONS

In this section, you can find descriptions of special functions, functions having different calling conventions/semantics than I would expect (I cannot speak for you), or just plain interesting functions.

main(), gimp_main()

Should be called immediately when perl is initialized. Arguments are not yet supported. Initializations can later be done in the init function.

gimp_install_procedure(name, blurb, help, author, copyright, date, menu_path, image_types, type, [params], [return_vals])

Mostly same as gimp_install_procedure. The parameters and return values for the functions are specified as an array ref containing either integers or array-refs with three elements, [PARAM_TYPE, \"NAME\", \"DESCRIPTION\"].

gimp_progress_init(message)

Initializes a progress bar. In networked modules this is a no-op.

gimp_progress_update(percentage)

Updates the progress bar. No-op in networked modules.

gimp_tile_*, gimp_pixel_rgn_*, gimp_drawable_get

With these functions you can access the raw pixel data of drawables. They are documented in Pixel, to keep this manual page short.

gimp_call_procedure(procname, arguments...)

This function is actually used to implement the fancy stuff. Its your basic interface to the PDB. Every function call is eventually done through his function, i.e.:

 gimp_image_new(args...);

is replaced by

 gimp_call_procedure "gimp_image_new",args...;

at runtime.

gimp_list_images, gimp_image_get_layers, gimp_image_get_channels

These functions return what you would expect: an array of images, layers or channels. The reason why this is documented is that the usual way to return PARAM_INT32ARRAY's would be to return a reference to an array of integers, rather than blessed objects.

set_rgb_db filespec

Use the given rgb database instead of the default one. The format is the same as the one used by the X11 Consortiums rgb database (you might have a copy in /usr/lib/X11/rgb.txt). You can view the default database with perldoc -m Gimp, at the end of the file.

OBJECT ORIENTED SYNTAX

In this manual, only the plain syntax (that lesser languages like C use) is described. Actually, the recommended way to write gimp scripts is to use the fancy OO-like syntax you are used to in perl (version 5 at least ;). As a fact, OO-syntax saves soooo much typing as well. See OO for details.

DEBUGGING AIDS

No, I can't tell you how to cure immune deficiencies (which might well be uncurable, as AIDS virii might be able to survive in brain cells, among other unreachable (for medication) parts of your body), but I can tell you how Gimp can help you debugging your scripts:

set_trace (tracemask)

Tracking down bugs in gimp scripts is difficult: no sensible error messages. If anything goes wrong, you only get an execution failure. Switch on tracing to see which parameters are used to call pdb functions.

This function is never exported, so you have to qualify it when calling. (not yet implemented for networked modules).

tracemask is any number of the following flags or'ed together.

TRACE_NONE

nothing is printed.

TRACE_CALL

all pdb calls (and only pdb calls!) are printed with arguments and return values.

TRACE_TYPE

the parameter types are printed additionally.

TRACE_NAME

the parameter names are printed.

TRACE_DESC

the parameter descriptions.

TRACE_ALL

all of the above.

set_trace(\$tracevar)

write trace into $tracevar instead of printing it to STDERR. $tracevar only contains the last command traces, i.e. it's cleared on every PDB invocation invocation.

set_trace(*FILEHANDLE)

write trace to FILEHANDLE instead of STDERR.

SUPPORTED GIMP DATA TYPES

Gimp supports different data types like colors, regions, strings. In perl, these are represented as:

INT32, INT16, INT8, FLOAT, STRING

normal perl scalars. Anything except STRING will be mapped to a perl-double.

INT32ARRAY, INT16ARRAY, INT8ARRAY, FLOATARRAY, STRINGARRAY

array refs containing scalars of the same type, i.e. [1, 2, 3, 4]. Gimp implicitly swallows or generates a preceeding integer argument because the preceding argument usually (this is a de-facto standard) contains the number of elements.

COLOR

on input, either an array ref with 3 elements (i.e. [233,40,40]), a X11-like string ("#rrggbb") or a colour name ("papayawhip") (see set_rgb_db).

DISPLAY, IMAGE, LAYER, CHANNEL, DRAWABLE, SELECTION

These will be mapped to corresponding objects (IMAGE => Gimp::Image). In trace output you will see small integers (the image/layer/etc..-ID)

REGION, BOUNDARY, PATH, STATUS

Not yet supported (and might never be).

AUTHOR

Marc Lehmann <pcg@goof.com>

SEE ALSO

perl(1), gimp(1), OO, Data, Pixel, PDL, UI, Net and Lib.

2 POD Errors

The following errors were encountered while parsing the POD:

Around line 353:

=cut found outside a pod block. Skipping to next block.

Around line 685:

You forgot a '=back' before '=head1'