++ed by:
ADAMJS ROBINS BESSARABV ANTIPASTA SZABGAB

15 PAUSE users
11 non-PAUSE users.

Marc Mims

NAME

Net::Twitter::Role::OAuth - Net::Twitter role that provides OAuth instead of Basic Authentication

VERSION

version 4.01003

SYNOPSIS

  use Net::Twitter;

  my $nt = Net::Twitter->new(
      traits          => ['API::RESTv1_1', 'OAuth'],
      consumer_key    => "YOUR-CONSUMER-KEY",
      consumer_secret => "YOUR-CONSUMER-SECRET",
  );

  # Do some Authentication work. See EXAMPLES

  my $tweets = $nt->friends_timeline;
  my $res    = $nt->update({ status => "I CAN HAZ OAUTH!" });

DESCRIPTION

Net::Twitter::Role::OAuth is a Net::Twitter role that provides OAuth authentication instead of the default Basic Authentication.

Note that this client only works with APIs that are compatible to OAuth authentication.

IMPORTANT

Beginning with version 3.02, it is necessary for web applications to pass the callback parameter to get_authorization_url. In the absence of a callback parameter, when the user authorizes the application a PIN number is displayed rather than redirecting the user back to your site.

EXAMPLES

See the examples directory in this distribution for working examples of both desktop and web applications.

Here's how to authorize users as a desktop app mode:

  use Net::Twitter;

  my $nt = Net::Twitter->new(
      traits          => ['API::RESTv1_1', 'OAuth'],
      consumer_key    => "YOUR-CONSUMER-KEY",
      consumer_secret => "YOUR-CONSUMER-SECRET",
  );

  # You'll save the token and secret in cookie, config file or session database
  my($access_token, $access_token_secret) = restore_tokens();
  if ($access_token && $access_token_secret) {
      $nt->access_token($access_token);
      $nt->access_token_secret($access_token_secret);
  }

  unless ( $nt->authorized ) {
      # The client is not yet authorized: Do it now
      print "Authorize this app at ", $nt->get_authorization_url, " and enter the PIN#\n";

      my $pin = <STDIN>; # wait for input
      chomp $pin;

      my($access_token, $access_token_secret, $user_id, $screen_name) = $nt->request_access_token(verifier => $pin);
      save_tokens($access_token, $access_token_secret); # if necessary
  }

  # Everything's ready

In a web application mode, you need to save the oauth_token and oauth_token_secret somewhere when you redirect the user to the OAuth authorization URL.

  sub twitter_authorize : Local {
      my($self, $c) = @_;

      my $nt = Net::Twitter->new(traits => [qw/API::RESTv1_1 OAuth/], %param);
      my $url = $nt->get_authorization_url(callback => $callbackurl);

      $c->response->cookies->{oauth} = {
          value => {
              token => $nt->request_token,
              token_secret => $nt->request_token_secret,
          },
      };

      $c->response->redirect($url);
  }

And when the user returns back, you'll reset those request token and secret to upgrade the request token to access token.

  sub twitter_auth_callback : Local {
      my($self, $c) = @_;

      my %cookie = $c->request->cookies->{oauth}->value;
      my $verifier = $c->req->params->{oauth_verifier};

      my $nt = Net::Twitter->new(traits => [qw/API::RESTv1_1 OAuth/], %param);
      $nt->request_token($cookie{token});
      $nt->request_token_secret($cookie{token_secret});

      my($access_token, $access_token_secret, $user_id, $screen_name)
          = $nt->request_access_token(verifier => $verifier);

      # Save $access_token and $access_token_secret in the database associated with $c->user
  }

Later on, you can retrieve and reset those access token and secret before calling any Twitter API methods.

  sub make_tweet : Local {
      my($self, $c) = @_;

      my($access_token, $access_token_secret) = ...;

      my $nt = Net::Twitter->new(traits => [qw/API::RESTv1_1 OAuth/], %param);
      $nt->access_token($access_token);
      $nt->access_token_secret($access_token_secret);

      # Now you can call any Net::Twitter API methods on $nt
      my $status = $c->req->param('status');
      my $res = $nt->update({ status => $status });
  }

METHODS

authorized

Whether the client has the necessary credentials to be authorized.

Note that the credentials may be wrong and so the request may fail.

request_access_token(verifier => $verifier)

Request the access token, access token secret, user id and screen name for this user. You must pass the PIN# (for desktop applications) or the oauth_verifier value, provided as a parameter to the oauth callback (for web applications) as $verifier.

The user must have authorized this app at the url given by get_authorization_url first.

Returns the access_token, access_token_secret, user_id, and screen_name in a list. Also sets them internally so that after calling this method, you can immediately call API methods requiring authentication.

xauth($username, $password)

Exchanges the $username and $password for access tokens. This method has the same return value as request_access_token: access_token, access_token_secret, user_id, and screen_name in a list. Also, like request_access_token, it sets the access_token and access_secret, internally, so you can immediately call API methods requiring authentication.

get_authorization_url(callback => $callback_url)

Get the URL used to authorize the user. Returns a URI object. For web applications, pass your applications callback URL as the callback parameter. No arguments are required for desktop applications (callback defaults to oob, out-of-band).

get_authentication_url(callback => $callback_url)

Get the URL used to authenticate the user with "Sign in with Twitter" authentication flow. Returns a URI object. For web applications, pass your applications callback URL as the callback parameter. No arguments are required for desktop applications (callback defaults to oob, out-of-band).

access_token

Get or set the access token.

access_token_secret

Get or set the access token secret.

request_token

Get or set the request token.

request_token_secret

Get or set the request token secret.

DEPRECATED METHODS

oauth

Prior versions used Net::OAuth::Simple. This method provided access to the contained Net::OAuth::Simple object. Beginning with Net::Twitter 3.00, the OAuth methods were delegated to Net::OAuth::Simple. They have since made first class methods. Net::Simple::OAuth is no longer used. A warning will be displayed when accessing OAuth methods via the <oauth> method. The oauth method will be removed in a future release.

is_authorized

Use authorized instead.

oauth_authorization_url

Use get_authorization_url instead.

oauth_token
   $nt->oauth_token($access_token, $access_token_secret);

Use access_token and access_token_seccret instead:

   $nt->access_token($access_token);
   $nt->access_token_secret($access_token_secret);

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This module was originally authored by Tatsuhiko Miyagawa as Net::Twitter::OAuth, a subclass of the Net::Twitter 2.x. It was refactored into a Moose Role for use in Net::Twitter 3.0 and above by Marc Mims. Many thanks to Tatsuhiko for the original work on both code and documentation.

AUTHORS

Marc Mims <marc@questright.com>

Tatsuhiko Miyagawa <miyagawa@bulknews.net>

LICENSE

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO

Net::Twitter, Net::Twitter::OAuth::Simple, Net::OAuth::Simple