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Mark Nunberg
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NAME

PkgConfig - Pure-Perl Core-Only replacement for pkg-config

NOTE

The script is not actually installed yet (i haven't settled on a good name), but will decide based on input in a future version.

Additionally, some dependencies are superficially included for debugging, and will be sanitized in a future 'release/stable' version.

SYNOPSIS

As a replacement for pkg-config

    $ pkg-config.pl --libs --cflags --static gio-2.0
    
    #outputs (lines artifically broken up for readability):
    # -I/usr/include/glib-2.0 -I/usr/lib/glib-2.0/include
    # -pthread -lgio-2.0 -lz -lresolv -lgobject-2.0
    # -lgmodule-2.0 -ldl -lgthread-2.0 -pthread -lrt -lglib-2.0 

Compare to: $ pkg-config --libs --cflags --static gio-2.0

    #outputs ( "" ):
    # -pthread -I/usr/include/glib-2.0 -I/usr/lib/glib-2.0/include
    # -pthread -lgio-2.0 -lz -lresolv -lgobject-2.0 -lgmodule-2.0
    # -ldl -lgthread-2.0 -lrt -lglib-2.0  

From another Perl module

    use PkgConfig;
    
    my $o = PkgConfig->find('gio');
    if($o->errmsg) {
        #handle error
    } else {
        my @cflags = $o->get_cflags;
        my @ldflags = $o->get_ldflags;
    }
    

DESCRIPTION

PkgConfig provides a pure-perl, core-only replacement for the pkg-config utility.

This is not a description of the uses of pkg-config but rather a description of the differences between the C version and the Perl one.

While pkg-config is a compiled binary linked with glib, the pure-perl version has no such requirement, and will run wherever Perl ( >= 5.04 ) does.

The main supported options are the common --libs, --cflags, --static, --exists and --modversion.

SCRIPT OPTIONS

By default, a library name must be supplied unless one of --version, or --real-version is specified.

The output should normally be suitable for passing to your favorite compiler.

--libs

(Also) print linker flags. Dependencies are traverse in order. Top-level dependencies will appear earlier in the command line than bottom-level dependencies.

--cflags

(Also) print compiler and C preprocessor flags.

--static

Use extra dependencies and libraries if linking against a static version of the requested library

--exists

Return success (0) if the package exists in the search path.

ENVIRONMENT

the PKG_CONFIG_PATH variable is honored and used as a colon-delimited list of directories with contain .pc files.

MODULE OPTIONS

<PkgConfig-find>>

    my $result = PkgConfig->find($libary, %options);
    

Find a library and return a result object.

The options are in the form of hash keys and values, and the following are recognized:

search_path
search_path_override

Prepend search paths in addition to the paths specified in $ENV{PKG_CONFIG_PATH} The value is an array reference.

the _override variant ignores defaults (like c<PKG_CONFIG_PATH).

exclude_cflags
exclude_ldflags
exclude_cflags_override
exclude_ldflags_override

Some .pc files specify default compiler and linker search paths, e.g. -I/usr/include -L/usr/lib. Specifying them on the command line can be problematic as it drastically changes the search order.

The above options will either append or replace the options which are excluded and filtered.

The default excluded linker and compiler options can be obtained via @PkgConfig::DEFAULT_EXCLUDE_LFLAGS and @PkgConfig::DEFAULT_EXCLUDE_CFLAGS, respectively.

static

Also specify static libraries.

no_recurse

Do not recurse dependencies. This is useful for just doing version checks.

A PkgConfig object is returned and may be queried about the results:

$o->errmsg

An error message, if any. This is a string and indicates an error.

$o->pkg_exists

Boolean value, true if the package exists.

$o->pkg_version

The version of the package

$o->get_cflags

$o->get_ldflags

Returns a list of compiler and linker flags, respectively.

BUGS

The order of the flags is not exactly matching to that of pkg-config. From my own observation, it seems this module does a better job, but I might be wrong.

Version checking is not yet implemented.

There is currently a dependency on a debugging module, just to preserve my sanity. This will be removed in a future release.

While pkg-config allows definition of arbitrary variables, only the following variables are currently recognized by Perl:

    Variables:
    my ($prefix,$exec_prefix,$libdir,$includedir);
    
    Sections: (e.g. LibsDOTprivate is a .pc 'Libs.private:')
    my ($Libs,$LibsDOTprivate,$Cflags,$Requires,$RequiresDOTprivate);
    my ($Name,$Version);
    

Module tests are missing.

SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::PkgConfig, a wrapper around the pkg-config binary

pkg-config

AUTHOR & COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2012 M. Nunberg

You may use and distribute this software under the same terms and conditions as Perl itself.