++ed by:
KEEDI DAGOLDEN MARIOROY RORYRJB ALEXBYK

35 PAUSE users
43 non-PAUSE users.

MongoDB Inc
and 71 contributors

NAME

MongoDB::GridFSBucket::UploadStream - File handle abstraction for uploading

VERSION

version v2.0.1

SYNOPSIS

    # OO API
    $stream  = $bucket->open_upload_stream("foo.txt");
    $stream->print( $data );
    $stream->close;
    $id = $stream->id;

    # Tied handle API
    $fh = $stream->fh
    print {$fh} $data;
    close $fh;

DESCRIPTION

This class provides a file abstraction for uploading. You can stream data to an object of this class via methods or via a tied-handle interface.

Writes are buffered and sent in chunk-size units. When close is called, all data will be flushed to the GridFS Bucket and the newly created file will be visible.

ATTRIBUTES

chunk_size_bytes

The number of bytes per chunk. Defaults to the chunk_size_bytes of the originating bucket object.

This will be stored in the chunkSize field of the file document on a successful upload.

filename

The filename to store the file under. Note that filenames are NOT necessarily unique.

This will be stored in the filename field of the file document on a successful upload.

metadata

An optional hashref for storing arbitrary metadata about the file.

If defined, this will be stored in the metadata field of the file document on a successful upload.

content_type (DEPRECATED)

An optional MIME type. This field should only be used for backwards compatibility with older GridFS implementations. New applications should store the content type in the metadata hash if needed.

If defined, this will be stored in the contentType field of the file document on a successful upload.

aliases (DEPRECATED)

An optional array of aliases. This field should only be used for backwards compatibility with older GridFS implementations. New applications should store aliases in the metadata hash if needed.

If defined, this will be stored in the aliases field of the file document on a successful upload.

METHODS

id

    $id = $stream->id;

The id of the file created by the stream. It will be stored in the _id field of the file document on a successful upload. Some upload methods require specifying an id at upload time. Defaults to a newly-generated BSON::OID or BSON codec specific equivalent.

fh

    my $fh = $stream->fh;
    print $fh, 'test data...';
    close $fh

Returns a new file handle tied to this instance of UploadStream that can be operated on with the built-in functions print, printf, syswrite, fileno and close.

Important notes:

Allowing one of these tied filehandles to fall out of scope will NOT cause close to be called. This is due to the way tied file handles are implemented in Perl. For close to be called implicitly, all tied filehandles and the original object must go out of scope.

Each file handle retrieved this way is tied back to the same object, so calling close on multiple tied file handles and/or the original object will have the same effect as calling close on the original object multiple times.

abort

    $stream->abort;

Aborts the upload by deleting any chunks already uploaded to the database and closing the stream.

close

    $file_doc = $stream->close;

Closes the stream and flushes any remaining data to the database. Once this is done a file document is created in the GridFS bucket, making the uploaded file visible in subsequent queries or downloads.

On success, the file document hash reference is returned as a convenience.

Important notes:

  • Calling close will also cause any tied file handles created for the stream to also close.

  • close will be automatically called when a stream object is destroyed. When called this way, any errors thrown will not halt execution.

  • Calling close repeatedly will warn.

fileno

    if ( $stream->fileno ) { ... }

Works like the builtin fileno, but it returns -1 if the stream is open and undef if closed.

print

    $stream->print(@data);

Works like the builtin print.

printf

    $stream->printf($format, @data);

Works like the builtin printf.

syswrite

    $stream->syswrite($buffer);
    $stream->syswrite($buffer, $length);
    $stream->syswrite($buffer, $length, $offset);

Works like the builtin syswrite.

CAVEATS

Character encodings

All the writer methods (e.g. print, printf, etc.) send a binary representation of the string input provided (or generated in the case of printf). Unless you explicitly encode it to bytes, this will be the internal representation of the string in the Perl interpreter. If you have ASCII characters, it will already be bytes. If you have any characters above 0xff, it will be UTF-8 encoded codepoints. If you have characters between 0x80 and 0xff and not higher, you might have either bytes or UTF-8 internally.

You are strongly encouraged to do your own character encoding with the Encode module or equivalent and upload only bytes to GridFS.

AUTHORS

  • David Golden <david@mongodb.com>

  • Rassi <rassi@mongodb.com>

  • Mike Friedman <friedo@friedo.com>

  • Kristina Chodorow <k.chodorow@gmail.com>

  • Florian Ragwitz <rafl@debian.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2018 by MongoDB, Inc.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The Apache License, Version 2.0, January 2004