++ed by:
ABRAXXA JETEVE

2 PAUSE users

Michael Schout

NAME

Log::Log4perl::Layout::JSON - Layout a log message as a JSON hash, including MDC data

VERSION

version 0.52

SYNOPSIS

Example configuration:

    log4perl.appender.Example.layout = Log::Log4perl::Layout::JSON
    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.field.message = %m{chomp}
    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.field.category = %c
    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.field.class = %C
    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.field.file = %F{1}
    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.field.sub = %M{1}
    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.include_mdc = 1

    # Note: Appender option!
    # log4perl.appender.Example.warp_message = 0

See below for more configuration options.

DESCRIPTION

This class implements a Log::Log4perl layout format, similar to Log::Log4perl::Layout::PatternLayout except that the output is a JSON hash.

The JSON hash is ASCII encoded, with no newlines or other whitespace, and is suitable for output, via Log::Log4perl appenders, to files and syslog etc.

Contextual data in the Log::Log4perl::MDC hash will be included if "include_mdc" is true.

LAYOUT CONFIGURATION

field

Specify one or more fields to include in the JSON hash. The value is a string containing one of more Log::Log4perl::Layout::PatternLayout placeholders. For example:

    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.field.message = %m{chomp}
    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.field.category = %c
    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.field.where = %F{1}:%L

If no fields are specified, the default is message = %m{chomp}. It is recommended that message be the first field.

prefix

Specify a prefix string for the JSON. For example:

    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.prefix = @cee:

See http://blog.gerhards.net/2012/03/cee-enhanced-syslog-defined.html

include_mdc

Include the data in the Log::Log4perl::MDC hash.

    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.include_mdc = 1

See also "name_for_mdc".

name_for_mdc

Use this name as the key in the JSON hash for the contents of MDC data

    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.name_for_mdc = mdc

If not set then MDC data is placed at top level of the hash.

Where MDC field names match the names of fields defined by the Log4perl configuration then the MDC values take precedence. This is currently construde as a feature.

canonical

If true then use canonical order for hash keys when encoding the JSON.

    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.canonical = 1

This is mainly intended for testing.

max_json_length_kb

Set the maximum JSON length in kilobytes. The default is 20KB.

    log4perl.appender.Example.layout.max_json_length_kb = 3.8

This is useful where some downstream system has a limit on the maximum size of a message.

For example, rsyslog has a maxMessageSize configuration parameter with a default of 4KB. Longer messages are simply truncated (which would corrupt the JSON). We use rsyslog with maxMessageSize set to 128KB.

If the JSON is larger than the specified size (not including "prefix") then some action is performed to reduce the size of the JSON.

Currently fields are simply removed until the JSON is within the size. The MDC field/fields are removed first and then the fields specified in the Log4perl config, in reverse order. A message is printed on STDERR for each field removed.

In future this rather dumb logic will be replaced by something smarter.

utf8

Switch JSON encoding from ASCII to UTF-8.

warp_message = 0

The warp_message appender option is used to specify the desired behavior for handling log calls with multiple arguments. The default behaviour (warp_message not set>) is to concatenate all arguments using join( $Log::Log4perl::JOIN_MSG_ARRAY_CHAR, @log_args ) and setting a JSON field message to this simple string.

If, on the other hand, warp_message = 0 is applied, then for log calls with multiple arguments these are considered name/value pairs and rendered to a hash-like JSON structure. For log calls with an odd number of arguments (3 or more), the first argument is considered the message and the others are again considered name/value pairs.

See "Appenders Expecting Message Chunks" in Log::Log4perl::Appender for more info on the configuration option.

EXAMPLE USING Log::Log4perl::MDC

    local Log::Log4perl::MDC->get_context->{request} = {
        request_uri => $req->request_uri,
        query_parameters => $req->query_parameters
    };

    # ...

    for my $id (@list_of_ids) {

        local Log::Log4perl::MDC->get_context->{id} = $id;

        do_something_useful($id);

    }

Using code like that shown above, any log messages produced by do_something_useful() will automatically include the 'contextual data', showing the request URI, the hash of decoded query parameters, and the current value of $id.

If there's a $SIG{__WARN__} handler setup to log warnings via Log::Log4perl then any warnings from perl, such as uninitialized values, will also be logged with this context data included.

The use of local ensures that contextual data doesn't stay in the MDC beyond the relevant scope. (For more complex cases you could use something like Scope::Guard or simply take care to delete old data.)

HISTORY

Originally created and maintained through v0.002003 by Tim Bunce. Versions 0.50 and later maintained by Michael Schout <mschout@cpan.org>

SOURCE

The development version is on github at http://github.com/mschout/Log-Log4perl-Layout-JSON and may be cloned from git://github.com/mschout/Log-Log4perl-Layout-JSON.git

BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-log-log4perl-layout-json@rt.cpan.org or through the web interface at: http://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=Log-Log4perl-Layout-JSON

AUTHOR

Michael Schout <mschout@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2014 by Tim Bunce.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.