Proc::Pidfile - a simple OO Perl module for maintaining a process id file for the curent process
my $pp = Proc::Pidfile->new( pidfile => "/path/to/your/pidfile" ); # if the pidfile already exists, die here $pidfile = $pp->pidfile(); undef $pp; # unlink $pidfile here my $pp = Proc::Pidfile->new(); # creates pidfile in default location - /var/run or File::Spec->tmpdir ... my $pidfile = $pp->pidfile(); # tells you where this pidfile is ... my $pp = Proc::Pidfile->new( silent => 1 ); # if the pidfile already exists, exit silently here ... undef $pp;
Proc::Pidfile is a very simple OO interface which manages a pidfile for the current process. You can pass the path to a pidfile to use as an argument to the constructor, or you can let Proc::Pidfile choose one (basically, "/var/run/$basename", if you can write to /var/run, otherwise "/$tmpdir/$basename").
Pidfiles created by Proc::Pidfile are automatically removed on destruction of the object. At destruction, the module checks the process id in the pidfile against its own, and against its parents (in case it is a spawned child of the process that originally created the Proc::Pidfile object), and barfs if it doesn't match either.
If you pass a "silent" parameter to the constructor, then it will still check for the existence of a pidfile, but will exit silently if one is found. This is useful for, for example, cron jobs, where you don't want to create a new process if one is already running, but you don't necessarily want to be informed of this by cron.
If another instance of your script is already running, we'll retry a couple of times, with a random number of microseconds between each attempt.
You can specify the number of retries, for example if you want to try more times for some reason:
$pidfile = $pp->pidfile(retries => 4);
By default this is set to 2, which means if the first attempt to set up a pidfile fails, it will try 2 more times, so three attempts in total.
Setting retries to 0 (zero) will disable this feature.
Proc::PID::File - provides a similar interface.
PidFile - provides effectively the same functionality, but via class methods. Hasn't been updated since 2011, and has quite a few CPAN Testers fails.
IPC::Pidfile - provides a simple interface, but has some restrictions, and its documentation even recommends you consider a different module, as it has a race condition.
IPC::Lockfile - very simple interface, and uses a different mechanism: it tries to lock the script file which used the module. The trouble with that is that you might be running someone else's script, and thus can't lock it.
Sys::RunAlone - another one with a simple default interface, but can be configured to retry. Based on locking, rather than a pid file. Doesn't work on Windows.
Linux::Pidfile - Linux-specific solution.
Ave Wrigley <email@example.com>
Now maintained by Neil Bowers <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Copyright (c) 2003 Ave Wrigley. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.