++ed by:

1 non-PAUSE user.

Nicolas Franck
and 5 contributors


Catmandu::Store::Solr - A searchable store backed by Solr


    use Catmandu::Store::Solr;

    my $store = Catmandu::Store::Solr->new(url => 'http://localhost:8983/solr' );

    my $obj1 = $store->bag->add({ name => 'Patrick' });

    printf "obj1 stored as %s\n" , $obj1->{_id};

    # Force an id in the store
    my $obj2 = $store->bag->add({ _id => 'test123' , name => 'Nicolas' });

    # send all changes to solr (committed automatically)

    #transaction: rollback issued after 'die'
        die("oops, didn't want to do that!");

    my $obj3 = $store->bag->get('test123');



    # All bags are iterators
    $store->bag->each(sub { ... });
    $store->bag->take(10)->each(sub { ... });

    # Some stores can be searched
    my $hits = $store->bag->search(query => 'name:Patrick');


Solr schemas need to support an identifier field (_id by default) and a bag field (_bag by default) to be able to store Catmandu items.



URL of Solr core

Default: http://localhost:8983/solr


Name of unique field in Solr core.

Default: _id

This Solr field is mapped to _id when retrieved


Name of field in Solr we can use to split the core into 'bags'.

Default: _bag

This Solr field is mapped to _bag when retrieved


Action to take when records cannot be saved to Solr. Default: throw. Available: ignore.

METHODS =head2 new( url => $url ) =head2 new( url => $url, id_field => '_id', bag_field => '_bag' ) =head2 new( url => $url, bags => { data => { cql_mapping => \%mapping } } )

Creates a new Catmandu::Store::Solr store connected to a Solr core, specificied by $url.

The store supports CQL searches when a cql_mapping is provided. This hash contains a translation of CQL fields into Solr searchable fields.

 # Example mapping
 $cql_mapping = {
      title => {
        op => {
          'any'   => 1 ,
          'all'   => 1 ,
          '='     => 1 ,
          '<>'    => 1 ,
          'exact' => {field => 'mytitle.exact' }
        } ,
        sort  => 1,
        field => 'mytitle',
        cb    => ['Biblio::Search', 'normalize_title']

The CQL mapping above will support for the 'title' field the CQL operators: any, all, =, <> and exact.

For all the operators the 'title' field will be mapping into the Solr field 'mytitle', except for the 'exact' operator. In case of 'exact' we will search the field 'mytitle.exact'.

The CQL has an optional callback field 'cb' which contains a reference to subroutines to rewrite or augment the search query. In this case, in the Biblio::Search package there is a normalize_title subroutine which returns a string or an ARRAY of string with augmented title(s). E.g.

    package Biblio::Search;

    sub normalize_title {
       my ($self,$title) = @_;
       my $new_title =~ s{[^A-Z0-9]+}{}g;



When you issue $bag->commit, all changes made in the buffer are sent to solr, along with a commit. So committing in Catmandu merely means flushing changes;-).

When you wrap your subroutine within 'transaction', this behaviour is disabled temporarily. When you call 'die' within the subroutine, a rollback is sent to solr.

Remember that transactions happen at store level: after the transaction, all buffers of all bags are flushed to solr, and a commit is issued in solr.

#record 'test' added $bag->add({ _id => "test" }); #buffer flushed, and 'commit' sent to solr $bag->commit();

$bag->store->transaction(sub{ $bag->add({ _id => "test",title => "test" }); #call to die: rollback sent to solr die("oops, didn't want to do that!"); });

#record is still { _id => "test" }


Catmandu::Store, WebService::Solr


Nicolas Steenlant, nicolas.steenlant at ugent.be

Patrick Hochstenbach, patrick.hochstenbach at ugent.be

Nicolas Franck, nicolas.franck at ugent.be


This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License.

See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/ for more information.