++ed by:
AERO KARUPA MARIOROY EGOR KARJALA

29 PAUSE users
21 non-PAUSE users.

Graham Ollis 🔥🐉
and 13 contributors

NAME

FFI::Platypus::Record - FFI support for structured records data

VERSION

version 0.96

SYNOPSIS

C:

 struct my_person {
   int         age;
   const char  title[3];
   const char *name
 };
 
 void process_person(struct my_person *person)
 {
   /* ... */
 }

Perl:

 package MyPerson;
 
 use FFI::Platypus::Record;
 
 record_layout(qw(
   int       age
   string(3) title
   string_rw name
 ));
 
 package main;
 
 use FFI::Platypus;
 
 my $ffi = FFI::Platypus->new;
 $ffi->lib("myperson.so");
 $ffi->type("record(MyPerson)" => 'MyPerson');
 
 my $person = MyPerson->new(
   age   => 40,
   title => "Mr.",
   name  => "John Smith",
 );
 
 $ffi->attach( process_person => [ 'MyPerson' ] => 'void' );
 
 process_person($person);
 
 $person->age($person->age + 1); # another year older
 
 process_person($person);

DESCRIPTION

[version 0.21]

This module provides a mechanism for building classes that can be used to mange structured data records (known as C as "structs" and in some languages as "records"). A structured record is a series of bytes that have structure understood by the C or other foreign language library that you are interfacing with. It is designed for use with FFI and FFI::Platypus, though it may have other applications.

FUNCTIONS

record_layout

 record_layout($ffi, $type => $name, ... );
 record_layout($type => $name, ... );

Define the layout of the record. You may optionally provide an instance of FFI::Platypus as the first argument in order to use its type aliases. Then you provide members as type/name pairs.

For each member you declare, record_layout will create an accessor which can be used to read and write its value. For example imagine a class Foo:

 package Foo;
 
 use FFI::Platypus::Record;
 
 record_layout(
   int          => 'bar',  #  int bar;
   'string(10)' => 'baz',  #  char baz[10];
 );

You can get and set its fields with like named bar and baz accessors:

 my $foo = Foo->new;
 
 $foo->bar(22);
 my $value = $foo->bar;
 
 $foo->baz("grimlock\0\0"); # should be 10 characters long
 my $string_value = $foo->baz; # includes the trailing \0\0

You can also pass initial values in to the constructor, either passing as a list of key value pairs or by passing a hash reference:

 $foo = Foo->new(
   bar => 22,
   baz => "grimlock\0\0",
 );
 
 # same as:
 
 $foo = Foo->new( {
   bar => 22,
   baz => "grimlock\0\0",
 } );

If there are members of a record that you need to account for in terms of size and alignment, but do not want to have an accessor for, you can use : as a place holder for its name:

 record_layout(
   'int'        => ':',
   'string(10)' => 'baz',
 );

strings

So far I've shown fixed length strings. These are declared with the word string followed by the length of the string in parentheticals. Fixed length strings are included inside the record itself and do not need to be allocated or deallocated separately from the record. Variable length strings must be allocated on the heap, and thus require a sense of "ownership", that is whomever allocates variable length strings should be responsible for also free'ing them. To handle this, you can add a ro or rw trait to a string field. The default is ro, means that you can get, but not set its value:

 package Foo;
 
 record_layout(
   'string ro' => 'bar',  # same type as 'string' and 'string_ro'
 );
 
 package main;
 
 my $foo = Foo->new;
 
 my $string = $foo->bar;  # GOOD
 $foo->bar("starscream"); # BAD

If you specify a field is rw, then you can set its value:

 package Foo;
 
 record_layout(
   'string rw' => 'bar',  # same type as 'string_rw'
 );
 
 package main;
 
 my $foo = Foo->new;
 
 my $string = $foo->bar;  # GOOD
 $foo->bar("starscream"); # GOOD

Any string value that is pointed to by the record will be free'd when it falls out of scope, so you must be very careful that any string rw fields are not set or modified by C code. You should also take care not to copy any record that has a rw string in it because its values will be free'd twice!

 use Clone qw( clone );
 
 my $foo2 = clone $foo;  # BAD  bar will be free'd twice

arrays

Arrays of integer, floating points and opaque pointers are supported.

 package Foo;
 
 record_layout(
   'int[10]' => 'bar',
 );
 
 my $foo = Foo->new;
 
 $foo->bar([1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10]); # sets the values for the array
 my $list = $foo->bar;  # returns a list reference
 
 $foo->bar(5, -6); # sets the 5th element in the array to -6
 my $item = $foo->bar(5); gets the 5th element in the array

TODO

These useful features (and probably more) are missing:

Unions
Nested records

SEE ALSO

FFI::Platypus

The main platypus documentation.

FFI::Platypus::Record::TieArray

Tied array interface for record array members.

Convert::Binary::C

Another method for constructing and dissecting structured data records.

pack and unpack

Built-in Perl functions for constructing and dissecting structured data records.

AUTHOR

Author: Graham Ollis <plicease@cpan.org>

Contributors:

Bakkiaraj Murugesan (bakkiaraj)

Dylan Cali (calid)

pipcet

Zaki Mughal (zmughal)

Fitz Elliott (felliott)

Vickenty Fesunov (vyf)

Gregor Herrmann (gregoa)

Shlomi Fish (shlomif)

Damyan Ivanov

Ilya Pavlov (Ilya33)

Petr Pisar (ppisar)

Mohammad S Anwar (MANWAR)

Håkon Hægland (hakonhagland, HAKONH)

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2015,2016,2017,2018,2019 by Graham Ollis.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.