Ricardo SIGNES 😄
and 6 contributors

NAME

Email::MIME::ContentType - Parse and build a MIME Content-Type or Content-Disposition Header

VERSION

version 1.023

SYNOPSIS

  use Email::MIME::ContentType;

  # Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii"; format=flowed
  my $ct = 'text/plain; charset="us-ascii"; format=flowed';
  my $data = parse_content_type($ct);

  $data = {
    type       => "text",
    subtype    => "plain",
    attributes => {
      charset => "us-ascii",
      format  => "flowed"
    }
  };

  my $ct_new = build_content_type($data);
  # text/plain; charset=us-ascii; format=flowed


  # Content-Type: application/x-stuff;
  #  title*0*=us-ascii'en'This%20is%20even%20more%20;
  #  title*1*=%2A%2A%2Afun%2A%2A%2A%20;
  #  title*2="isn't it!"
  my $ct = q(application/x-stuff;
   title*0*=us-ascii'en'This%20is%20even%20more%20;
   title*1*=%2A%2A%2Afun%2A%2A%2A%20;
   title*2="isn't it!");
  my $data = parse_content_type($ct);

  $data = {
    type       => "application",
    subtype    => "x-stuff",
    attributes => {
      title => "This is even more ***fun*** isn't it!"
    }
  };


  # Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=genome.jpeg;
  #   modification-date="Wed, 12 Feb 1997 16:29:51 -0500"
  my $cd = q(attachment; filename=genome.jpeg;
    modification-date="Wed, 12 Feb 1997 16:29:51 -0500");
  my $data = parse_content_disposition($cd);

  $data = {
    type       => "attachment",
    attributes => {
      filename            => "genome.jpeg",
      "modification-date" => "Wed, 12 Feb 1997 16:29:51 -0500"
    }
  };

  my $cd_new = build_content_disposition($data);
  # attachment; filename=genome.jpeg; modification-date="Wed, 12 Feb 1997 16:29:51 -0500"

FUNCTIONS

parse_content_type

This routine is exported by default.

This routine parses email content type headers according to section 5.1 of RFC 2045 and also RFC 2231 (Character Set and Parameter Continuations). It returns a hash as above, with entries for the type, the subtype, and a hash of attributes.

For backward compatibility with a really unfortunate misunderstanding of RFC 2045 by the early implementors of this module, discrete and composite are also present in the returned hashref, with the values of type and subtype respectively.

parse_content_disposition

This routine is exported by default.

This routine parses email Content-Disposition headers according to RFC 2183 and RFC 2231. It returns a hash as above, with entries for the type, and a hash of attributes.

build_content_type

This routine is exported by default.

This routine builds email Content-Type header according to RFC 2045 and RFC 2231. It takes a hash as above, with entries for the type, the subtype, and optionally also a hash of attributes. It returns a string representing Content-Type header. Non-ASCII attributes are encoded to UTF-8 according to Character Set section of RFC 2231. Attribute which has more then 78 ASCII characters is split into more attributes accorrding to Parameter Continuations of RFC 2231. For compatibility reasons with clients which do not support RFC 2231, output string contains also truncated ASCII version of any too long or non-ASCII attribute. Encoding to ASCII is done via Text::Unidecode module.

build_content_disposition

This routine is exported by default.

This routine builds email Content-Disposition header according to RFC 2182 and RFC 2231. It takes a hash as above, with entries for the type, and optionally also a hash of attributes. It returns a string representing Content-Disposition header. Non-ASCII or too long attributes are handled in the same way like in build_content_type function.

WARNINGS

This is not a valid content-type header, according to both RFC 1521 and RFC 2045:

  Content-Type: type/subtype;

If a semicolon appears, a parameter must. parse_content_type will carp if it encounters a header of this type, but you can suppress this by setting $Email::MIME::ContentType::STRICT_PARAMS to a false value. Please consider localizing this assignment!

Same applies for parse_content_disposition.

AUTHORS

  • Simon Cozens <simon@cpan.org>

  • Casey West <casey@geeknest.com>

  • Ricardo SIGNES <rjbs@cpan.org>

CONTRIBUTORS

  • Matthew Green <mrg@eterna.com.au>

  • Pali <pali@cpan.org>

  • Ricardo Signes <rjbs@semiotic.systems>

  • Thomas Szukala <ts@abusix.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2004 by Simon Cozens.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.