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Rocky Bernstein


Device::Cdio::ISO9660 - Module for ISO 9660 handling


This encapsulates IS9660 filesystem handling. This library however needs to be used in conjunction with Device::Cdio, Device::Cdio::ISO9660::IFS and Device::Cdio::ISO::FS.

    use Device::Cdio::ISO9660;
    $name = Device::Cdio::ISO9660::name_translate('COPYING.;1');
    $bool = Device::Cdio::ISO9660::is_achar('A');


This is an Object-Oriented Perl interface to the GNU CD Input and Control library's ISO 9660 library, libiso9660.

Encapsulation is done in two parts. The lower-level Perl interface is called perliso9660 and is generated by SWIG.

The more object-oriented package Device::Cdio::ISO9660 and uses perliso9660. Actually, there are no objects in Device::Cdio::ISO9660, but there are in its sub packages Device::Cdio::ISO9660::IFS, Device::Cdio::ISO9660::FS (and in the future Device::Cdio::ISO9660::PVD).

Although perliso9660 is perfectly usable on its own, it is expected that these module and classes are what most people will use. As perliso9660 more closely models the C interface, it is conceivable (if unlikely) that die-hard libiso9660 C users who are very familiar with that interface could prefer that.


Routines accept named parameters as well as positional parameters. For named parameters, each argument name is preceded by a dash. For example:


Each argument name is preceded by a dash. Neither case nor order matters in the argument list. -achar, -AChar, and -ACHAR are all acceptable. In fact, only the first argument needs to begin with a dash. If a dash is present in the first argument, we assume dashes for the subsequent parameters.

In the documentation below and elsewhere in this package the parameter name that can be used in this style of call is given in the parameter list. For example, for "close tray the documentation below reads:

   close_tray(drive=undef, driver_id=$perlcdio::DRIVER_UNKNOWN) 
    -> ($drc, $driver_id)

So the parameter names are "drive", and "driver_id". Neither parameter is required. If "drive" is not specified, a value of "undef" will be used. And if "driver_id" is not specified, a value of $perlcdio::DRIVER_UNKNOWN is used.

The older, more traditional style of positional parameters is also supported. So the "have_driver example from above can also be written:


Finally, since no parameter name can be confused with a an integer, negative values will not get confused as a named parameter.




Check that path is a valid ISO-9660 directory name.

A valid directory name should not start out with a slash (/), dot (.) or null byte, should be less than 37 characters long, have no more than 8 characters in a directory component which is separated by a /, and consist of only DCHARs.

True is returned if path is valid.



Return 1 if $achar is an ACHAR. $achar should either be a string of length one or the ord() of a string of length 1.

These are the DCHAR's plus some ASCII symbols including the space symbol.



Return 1 if $dchar is a DCHAR - a character that can appear in an an ISO-9600 level 1 directory name. These are the ASCII capital letters A-Z, the digits 0-9 and an underscore.

$dchar should either be a string of length one or the ord() of a string of length 1.



Check that path is a valid ISO-9660 pathname.

A valid pathname contains a valid directory name, if one appears and the filename portion should be no more than 8 characters for the file prefix and 3 characters in the extension (or portion after a dot). There should be exactly one dot somewhere in the filename portion and the filename should be composed of only DCHARs.

1 is returned if path is valid.


    name_translate(name, joliet_level=0)->str

Convert an ISO-9660 file name of the kind that is that stored in a ISO 9660 directory entry into what's usually listed as the file name in a listing. Lowercase name if no Joliet Extension interpretation. Remove trailing ;1's or .;1's and turn the other ;'s into version numbers.

If joliet_level is not given it is 0 which means use no Joliet Extensions. Otherwise use the specified the Joliet level.

The translated string is returned and it will be larger than the input filename.



Convert a ISO 9660 array to an hash reference of the values.

Used internally in convert from C code.

Note, we modify the input parameter.


  strncpy_pad(name, len, check='nocheck')->str

Pad string name with spaces to size len and return this. If len is less than the length of name, the return value will be truncated to the first len characters of name.

name can also be scanned to see if it contains only ACHARs, DCHARs, or 7-bit ASCII chars, and this is specified via the check parameter. If the check parameter is given it must be one of the 'nocheck', '7bit', 'achars' or 'dchars'. Case is not significant.


Device::Cdio::ISO9660::IFS is the ISO 96600 filesystem image interface. Device::Cdio::ISO9660::FS is the ISO 96600 CD-image interface. Device::Cdio has general information on the CD Input and Control Library. Device::Cdio::Device is for device objects and Device::Cdio::Track is for track objects.

perliso9660 is the lower-level interface to libcdio.

http://www.gnu.org/software/libcdio has documentation on libcdio including the a manual and the API via doxygen.


Rocky Bernstein <rocky at cpan.org>.


Copyright (C) 2006 Rocky Bernstein <rocky@cpan.org>

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA