++ed by:
MITHALDU DRAEGTUN

2 PAUSE user(s)

Scott Beck

NAME

Data::SPath - lookup on nested data with simple path notation

VERSION

version 0.0004

SYNOPSIS

    use Data::SPath
        spath => {
            # sets up default error handling
            method_miss => \&_method_miss,
            key_miss => \&_key_miss,
            index_miss => \&_index_miss,
            key_on_non_hash => \&_key_on_non_hash,
            args_on_non_method => \&_args_on_non_method
        };

    my $data = {
        foo => [ qw/foobly fooble/ ],
        bar => [ { bat => "boo" }, { bat => "bar" } ]
        "foo bar" => 1,
        "foo\"bar" => { "foo/bar" => 20 }
        obj => SomeClass->new,
    };

    my $match;

    # returns foobly
    $match = spath $data, "/foo/0";

    # returns boo
    $match = spath $data, "/bar/0/bat";

    # returns { bat => "bar" }
    $match = spath $data, "/bar/1";

    # returns 1
    $match = spath $data, q{/"foo bar"};

    # returns 20
    $match = spath $data, q{/"foo\\"bar/"foo/bar"};

    # returns the call to method passing arguments
    $match = spath $data, q{/obj/method( "arg1", 'arg2', bareword )};

DESCRIPTION

This module implements very simple path lookups on nested data structures. At the time of this writing there are two modules that implement path matching. They are Data::Path and Data::DPath. Both of these modules have more complicated matching similar to XPath. This module does not support matching, only lookups. So one call will alway return a single match. Also, when this module encounters a blessed reference, instead of access the references internal data structure (like Data::DPath) a method call is made on the object by the name of the key. See "SYNOPSIS".

FUNCTIONS

spath( $data, $path, $opts )

spath takes the data to perform lookup on as the first argument. The second argument should be a string with a path specification in it. The third optional argument, if specified, should be a hash reference of options. Currently the only supported options are error handlers. See "ERROR HANDLING". spath returns the lookup if it is found, calls croak() otherwise with the error. This behavior can be changed by setting error handlers. If the error handler returns, that value is returned.

  • data

    Data can be any type of data, although it makes little sense to pass in something other than a hash reference, an array reference or an object.

  • path

    Path should start with a slash and be a slash separated list of keys to lookup. Each level of key is one level deeper in the data.

    • hash

      When the current level in the data is a hash reference, the key is looked up in the hash, and the current level is set to the return of the lookup on the hash.

    • array

      When the current level is an array reference, the key should be an index into the array, the current level is then set to the return of the lookup on the array reference.

    • object

      If the current level is an object, the key is treated as the name of a method to call on the object. The method is called in list context if spath was called in list context, otherwise scalar context. If the method returns more than one item, the current level is set to an array reference of the return, otherwise the current level is set to the return of the method call. It is possible to pass in arguments to object methods. Arguments are expected to be a comma separated list of either quoted structures or barewords which must match \w+. See "SYNOPSIS" for examples.

    Quotes are allowed on each level. You only need quotes if you have spaces or / in your keys. For example:

        my $data = { "foo bar" => 1, "foo/bar" => 1 };
        spath $data, q{/"foo bar"};
        spath $data, q{/"foo/bar"};

    You can also use \ to escape quotes:

        spath $data, q{/"foo\"bar"}; # embedded quotes
  • opts

    The only options currently accepted are error handlers. See "ERROR HANDLING".

EXPORTS

Nothing is exported by default. You can request spath be exported to you namespace. This module uses Sub::Exporter for exporting.

ERROR HANDLING

Data::SPath defaults to calling Carp::croak() when any kind of error occurs. You can change any of the error handlers by passing in a third argument to spath:

    spath $data, "/path", {
        method_miss => \&_method_miss,
        key_miss => \&_key_miss,
        index_miss => \&_index_miss,
        key_on_non_hash => \&_key_on_non_hash,
        args_on_non_method => \&_args_on_non_method
    };

Or you can setup default error handlers at compile time by passing them into your call to import():

    use Data::SPath
        spath => {
            method_miss => \&_method_miss,
            key_miss => \&_key_miss,
            index_miss => \&_index_miss,
            key_on_non_hash => \&_key_on_non_hash,
            args_on_non_method => \&_args_on_non_method
        };

The default error handlers look like this:

    sub _method_miss {
        my ( $method_name, $current, $depth ) = @_;
        my $reftype = reftype( $current );
        croak "tried to call nonexistent method '"
            . $method_name
            . "' on object with type $reftype at spath path element "
            . $depth;
    }

    sub _key_miss {
        my ( $key, $current, $depth ) = @_;
        croak "tried to access nonexistent key '"
            . $key
            . "' in hash at spath path element "
            . $depth;
    }

    sub _index_miss {
        my ( $index, $current, $depth ) = @_;
        croak "tried to access nonexistent index '"
            . $index
            . "' in array at spath path element "
            . $depth;
    }

    sub _key_on_non_hash {
        my ( $key, $current, $depth ) = @_;
        my $reftype = reftype( $current ) || '(non reference)';
        croak "tried to access key '"
            . $key
            . "' on a non-hash type $reftype at spath path element "
            . $depth;
    }

    sub _args_on_non_method {
        my ( $key, $current, $args, $depth ) = @_;
        my $reftype = reftype( $current ) || '(non reference)';
        croak "tried to pass arguments '"
            . $args
            . "' to a non-method '"
            . $key
            . "' of type "
            . $reftype
            . "at spath path element "
            . $depth;
    }

If you return from an error handler, that value is returned from spath.

AUTHOR

Scott Beck <scottbeck@gmail.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2010 by Scott Beck <scottbeck@gmail.com>.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.