Oliver Schieche

NAME

Getopt::OO - Command line argument processing and automated help generation, object oriented

SYNOPSIS

  package MyPackage;
  use base 'Getopt::OO';

  # return a short descriptive string about the program (appears in --help)
  sub getProgramDescription
      {
          'A sample program'
      }

  # return rules about parameters
  sub getOptionRules
      {
          shift->SUPER::getOptionRules(),
              'length=i' => ['A numeric argument', 'default' => 33],
              'file=s'   => ['A text argument'],
              'quiet'    => ['A "flag" argument'];
      }

  # read options
  new MyPackage->getopt(\%options);

DESCRIPTION

The Getopt::OO module implements an extended Getopt class which parses the command line from @ARGV, recognizing and removing specified options and their possible values.

This function adheres to the POSIX syntax for command line options, with GNU extensions. In general, this means that options have long names instead of single letters, and are introduced with a double dash "--". Support for bundling of command line options, as was the case with the more traditional single-letter approach, is provided.

Methods

PACKAGE->getopt(HASHREF)

Processes command line options and stores their values in the hash reference passed as its argument.

PACKAGE->getOptionRules()

Returns a list of rules of command line options. The base package provides two options --help and --verbose by default. The former calls usage(); the latter is an incremental option. See "Writing Rules" for what your implementation should return.

PACKAGE->getProgramDescription()

Returns a short descriptive string about the program's functionality. This string is used as a caption of the generated program usage text.

PACKAGE->usage(CODE [, MESSAGE [, LIST ] ])

Display program usage summary and exit with status CODE. Without any further arguments it will show the program's description text. If given, MESSAGE will be treated as an sprintf()-like formatter string followed by its arguments and prefixed with "Error: ".

PACKAGE->error(MESSAGE [, LIST ])

This method is called internally when processing or validation of options failed and does nothing but passing its arguments to usage() (along with an exit code of 1). Override this method if you require other methods of error handling.

Writing Rules

Command line options are processed using rules returned the getOptionsRules() implementation. Rules are expressed much like with Getopt::Long. A rule expression is followed by the rule's help string and possible options.

The options must be represented as either a string (used as help string) or an ARRAYREF. The first element of the latter is used as the options' help string. Its second element can be a CODEREF which is called when the option was seen. The rest are key-value-pairs that are coerced to a hash. A single undef can be used to separate option categories (used in usage()).

      # Short variant. Define flag and its help string
      'q|quiet' => 'Suppresses informational program output'
    
      # Actual implementation of "--help" parameter
      'h|help' => ['Display this help message', sub {
          $self->usage()
      }]
    
      # Use callback return value as option value
      'l|limit=i' => ['Limit amount of things', sub {
          my ($arg, $key) = @_;
          $arg = 100 if $arg > 100;
          return $arg; # make sure --limit is not larger than 100
      }]
    
      # Enumeration with allowed values
      'o|output=?' => ['Use ARG as output format', 'values' => [qw(xml html json)]]

Rule syntax

!w|warnings

Defines a negatable option. The value of it will be a "boolean" in the resulting options hash reference depending on whether --warnings or --no-warnings was seen on the command line. There's no short negatable option.

v|verbose+

Defines an incremental option. Depending on how often it's seen on the command line, the option's value will increase in the resulting hashref.

q|quiet

Defines a flag option. The flag will be set in the resulting hashref if this option was seen on the command line.

f|filename=s

Defines an option with a mandatory value. The character after the = sign determines the expected value: s is a generic string, i is a numeric value (it uses Perl's looks_like_number) and ? is an enumeration. If the type specifier is suffixed with a @, the resulting value will be an ARRAYREF with all values.

Enumerations must provide a values option which must be an ARRAYREF of valid values for the option. They may use the keep_unique option which defaults to being set in order to control whether the resulting list contains unique values or all given values.

TODO

DEPENDENCIES

None special. Uses core perl libraries.

AUTHOR

Oliver Schieche <schiecheo@cpan.org>

http://perfect-co.de/

$Id: OO.pm 887 2016-08-29 12:57:34Z schieche $

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2013-2019 Oliver Schieche.

This software is a free library. You can modify and/or distribute it under the same terms as Perl itself.