++ed by:
KEEDI MISHIN SZABGAB

3 PAUSE users
1 non-PAUSE user.

shirirules

NAME

WebService::GData::Base - core read/write methods for google data API v2.

SYNOPSIS

    use WebService::GData::Base;

    #read only
    my $base = new WebService::GData::Base();

    my $ret  = $base->get('http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/standardfeeds/top_rated');
    my $feed = $ret->{feed};

    #give write access
    $base->auth($auth);

    #now you can
    #get hidden/private contents
    my $ret = $base->get('http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/users/default/playlists');

    #new entry with application/x-www-form-urlencoded content-type
    my $ret = $base->post('http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/users/default/playlists',$content);

        my $ret = $base->delete('http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/users/playlist/'.$someid);

        #content is decorated with the xml entry basic tags
        #the content type is application/atom+xml; charset=UTF-8
        my $ret = $base->insert($uri,$content,$callback);

        #does a PUT. The content is decorated with the xml entry basic tags
        #the content type is application/atom+xml; charset=UTF-8
        my $ret = $base->update($uri,$content,$callback);

        #modify the query string query string: ?alt=json-c&v=2&prettyprint=false&strict=true
        $base->query->alt('jsonc')->prettyprint('false');

    #overwrite WebService::GData::Query with youtube query parameters
        $base->query(new WebService::GData::YouTube::Query);

        #now the query will have the following query string: ?alt=json&v=2&prettyprint=false&strict=true&safeSearch=none
        $base->query->safe_search('none');

DESCRIPTION

inherits from WebService::GData

This package grants you access to the main read/write methods available for the google data APIs by wrapping LWP methods.

You gain access to: get,post,insert,update,delete.

These methods calls the authentification objects to add extra headers.

This package should be inherited by services (youtube,analytics,calendar) to offer higher level of abstraction.

Every request (get,post,insert,update,delete) will throw (well, die) a WebService::GData::Error in case of failure.

It is therefore recommanded to enclose your code in eval blocks to catch and handle the error as you see fit.

The google data based APIs offer different format for the core protocol: atom based, rss based,json based, jsonc based.

In order to offer good parsing performance, we use the json based response as a default to WebService::GData::Base::get() the feeds.

Unfortunately, if we can set to read the feeds in json,the write methods require atom based data.

The server also sends back an atom response too. We have therefore a hugly mixed of atom/json logic for now.

but...

The JSONC format which is now being incorporated in google data based services will offer the same level of interaction as the atom based protocol.

CONSTRUCTOR

new

SETTER/GETTER METHODS

auth

    Set/get an auth object that handles acess to protected contents.

    The auth object will be used by post/insert/update/delete methods by calling two methods:

    set_authorization_headers(base:WebService::GData::Base,req:HTTP::Request) - headers required by the authentication protocol.
    set_service_headers(base:WebService::GData::Base,req:HTTP::Request) - Extra headers required by a particular service.
    source() - The name of the application. Will be used for the user agent string.

    These methods will receive the instance calling them and the request instance.

    They shall add any extra headers required to implement their own authentication protocol (ie,ClientLogin,OAuth,SubAuth).

    If the object can not handle the above methods it will not be set.

    Example:

        use WebService::GData::Base;
            
        #should be in a eval {... }; block to catch an error...
        my $auth = new WebService::GData::ClientLogin(email=>...);
    
        my $base = new WebService::GData::Base(auth=>$auth);
        #or
        my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base(); 
               $base  -> auth($auth);
               

query

    Set/get a query object that handles the creation of the query string. The query object will be used to add extra query parameters when calling WebService::GData::Base::get().

    The query object should only implement the following methods (do not need to inherit from WebService::GData::Query):

    get('value-name') - Gives access to a parameter value
    to_query_string() - return the query string.
    get('v') - should return a version number >=WebService::GData::Constants::GDATA_MINIMUM_VERSION

    Parameters

    none - use as a getter
    query:Object - use as a setter: a query object defining the necessary methods.

    Returns void in a setter context. query:Object in a getter context.

    The WebService::GData::Query returns by default '?alt=json&prettyprint=false&strict=true&v=2' when to_query_string() is called.

    When you call WebService::GData::Base::get(), you should only set an url with no query string:

    Example: use WebService::GData::Constants qw(:all); use WebService::GData::Base;

        #should be in a eval { ... }; block...
        my $auth   = new WebService::GData::ClientLogin(email=>...);
    
        my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base(auth=>$auth);
    
        $base->query->alt(JSONC);
        
        $base->get('http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/standardfeeds/top_rated');
        #is in fact calling:
        #http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/standardfeeds/top_rated?alt=jsonc&prettyprint=false&strict=true&v=2
    
        #or set a new query object:
        $base->query(new WebService::GData::YouTube::Query());
            

READ METHODS

get

    Get the content of a feed in any format. If the format is json or jsonc, it will send back a perl object.

    If an auth object is specified, it will call the required methods to set the authentication headers.

    It will also set the 'GData-Version' header by calling $this->query->get('v');

    Parameters

    url:Scalar - an url to fetch that do not contain any query string.

    Query string will be removed before sending the request.

    Returns response:Object|Scalar a perl object if it is a json or jsonc request else the raw content.

    Throws WebService::GData::Error if it fails to reach the contents.

    You should put the code in a eval { ... }; block to catch any error.

    Example:

        use WebService::GData::Base;
            
        my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base();
        
        $base->get('http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/standardfeeds/top_rated');
        #is in fact calling:
        #http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/standardfeeds/top_rated?alt=jsonc&prettyprint=false&strict=true&v=2
    
            #the query string will be erased...
        $base->get('http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/standardfeeds/top_rated?alt=atom');
            #is in fact calling:
            #http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/standardfeeds/top_rated?alt=jsonc&prettyprint=false&strict=true&v=2

WRITE METHODS

post

    Post data to an url with application/x-www-form-urlencoded content type.

    An auth object must be specified. it will call the required methods to set the authentication headers.

    It will also set the 'GData-Version' header by calling $this->query->get('v');

    Parameters

    url:Scalar - the url to query
    content:Scalar|Binary - the content to post

    Returns response:Scalar - the response to the query in case of success.

    Throws WebService::GData::Error if it fails to reach the contents.

    You should put the code in a eval { ... }; block to catch any error.

    Example:

        use WebService::GData::Base;
            
        #you must be authorized to do any write actions.
        my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base(auth=>...);
        
        #create a new entry with application/x-www-form-urlencoded content-type
        my $ret = $base->post($url,$content);
            

insert

    Insert data to an url with application/atom+xml; charset=UTF-8 content type (POST).

    An auth object must be specified. it will call the required methods to set the authentication headers.

    It will also set the 'GData-Version' header by calling $this->query->get('v');

    Parameters

    url:Scalar - the url to query
    content:Scalar - the content to post in xml format will be decorated with:

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><entry xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" $xmlns>$content</entry>

    where $xmlns is the result of get_namespace.

    Returns response:Scalar - the response to the query in case of success.

    Throws WebService::GData::Error if it fails to reach the contents.

    You should put the code in a eval { ... }; block to catch any error.

    Example:

        use WebService::GData::Base;
            
        #you must be authorized to do any write actions.
        my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base(auth=>...);
        
        #create a new entry with application/atom+xml; charset=UTF-8 content-type
        my $ret = $base->insert($url,$content);

update

    Update data to an url with application/atom+xml; charset=UTF-8 content type (PUT).

    An auth object must be specified. it will call the required methods to set the authentication headers.

    It will also set the 'GData-Version' header by calling $this->query->get('v');

    Parameters

    url:Scalar - the url to query
    content:Scalar - the content to put in xml format will be decorated with:

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><entry xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom" $xmlns>$content</entry>

    where $xmlns is the result of get_namespace.

    Returns response:Scalar - the response to the query in case of success.

    Throws WebService::GData::Error if it fails to reach the contents.

    You should put the code in a eval { ... }; block to catch any error.

    Example:

        use WebService::GData::Base;
            
            #you must be authorized to do any write actions.
        my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base(auth=>...);
        
            #create a new entry with application/atom+xml; charset=UTF-8 content-type
            my $ret = $base->upate($url,$content);
            

delete

    Delete data from an url with application/atom+xml; charset=UTF-8 content type (DELETE).

    An auth object must be specified. it will call the required methods to set the authentication headers.

    It will also set the 'GData-Version' header by calling $this->query->get('v');

    Parameters

    url:Scalar - the url to query

    Returns response:Scalar - the response to the query in case of success.

    Throws WebService::GData::Error if it fails to reach the contents.

    You should put the code in a eval { ... }; block to catch any error.

    Example:

        use WebService::GData::Base;
            
        #you must be authorized to do any write actions.
        my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base(auth=>...);
        
        #create a new entry with application/atom+xml; charset=UTF-8 content-type
        my $ret = $base->delete($url);
            

add_namespace

    When inserting/updating contents, you will use an atom entry tag.

    This entry tag may contain tags that are not in the atom original namespace schema.

    You will need therefore to specify the extra namespaces used so that it gets parsed properly.

    Parameters

    namespace:Scalar - the xml representation of a namespace,ie xmlns:media='http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/'

    Returns void

    Example:

        use WebService::GData::Base;
            
        #you must be authorized to do any write actions.
        my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base(auth=>...);
        
        $base->add_namespace("xmlns:media='http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/'");
        $base->add_namespace("xmlns:yt='http://gdata.youtube.com/schemas/2007'");
        #the content will be decorated with the above namespaces...
        my $ret = $base->insert($url,$content);
            

get_namespace

    This method returns as a string the namespaces set so far.

    Parameters

    none

    Returns namespaces:Scalar all the namespaces set separated by a space.

    Example:

        use WebService::GData::Base;
            
        #you must be authorized to do any write actions.
        my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base(auth=>...);
        
        $base->add_namespace("xmlns:media='http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/'");
        $base->add_namespace("xmlns:yt='http://gdata.youtube.com/schemas/2007'");
            
        #the content will be decorated with the above namespaces...
        my $namespaces = $base->get_namespace();
        #xmlns:media='http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/' xmlns:yt='http://gdata.youtube.com/schemas/2007'
            

clean_namespace

    This method resets the namespaces set so far.

    Parameters

    none

    Returns void

    Example:

        use WebService::GData::Base;
            
        #you must be authorized to do any write actions.
        my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base(auth=>...);
        
        $base->add_namespace("xmlns:media='http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/'");
        $base->add_namespace("xmlns:yt='http://gdata.youtube.com/schemas/2007'");
            
    
        my $namespaces = $base->get_namespace();
        #xmlns:media='http://search.yahoo.com/mrss/' xmlns:yt='http://gdata.youtube.com/schemas/2007'
            
        $base->clean_namespace();
        my $namespaces = $base->get_namespace();#nothing
            

HANDLING ERRORS

Google data APIs relies on querying remote urls on particular services.

Some of these services limits the number of request with quotas and may return an error code in such a case.

All queries that fail will throw (die) a WebService::GData::Error object.

You should enclose all code that requires connecting to a service within eval blocks in order to handle it.

Example:

    use WebService::GData::Base;
        
    my $base   = new WebService::GData::Base();
        
    #the server is dead or the url is not available anymore or you've reach your quota of the day.
    #boom the application dies and your program fails...
    $base->get('http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/standardfeeds/top_rated');

    #with error handling...

    #enclose your code in a eval block...
    eval {
        $base->get('http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/standardfeeds/top_rated');
    }; 

    #if something went wrong, you will get a WebService::GData::Error object back:
    if(my $error = $@){

        #do whatever you think is necessary to recover (or not)
        #print/log: $error->content,$error->code
    }   

CONFIGURATION AND ENVIRONMENT

none

DEPENDENCIES

JSON

LWP

INCOMPATIBILITIES

none

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

If you do me the favor to _use_ this module and find a bug, please email me i will try to do my best to fix it (patches welcome)!

AUTHOR

shiriru <shirirulestheworld[arobas]gmail.com>

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

2 POD Errors

The following errors were encountered while parsing the POD:

Around line 341:

You forgot a '=back' before '=head3'

Around line 394:

You forgot a '=back' before '=head2'