++ed by:
DRAEGTUN KOORCHIK VOEGELAS DELON DGINEV

112 PAUSE user(s)
140 non-PAUSE user(s).

Sebastian Riedel

NAME

Mojo::DOM - Minimalistic HTML5/XML DOM Parser With CSS3 Selectors

SYNOPSIS

  use Mojo::DOM;

  # Parse
  my $dom = Mojo::DOM->new('<div><p id="a">A</p><p id="b">B</p></div>');

  # Find
  my $b = $dom->at('#b');
  print $b->text;

  # Walk
  print $dom->div->p->[0]->text;
  print $dom->div->p->[1]->{id};

  # Iterate
  $dom->find('p[id]')->each(sub { print shift->{id} });

  # Loop
  for my $e ($dom->find('p[id]')->each) {
    print $e->text;
  }

  # Modify
  $dom->div->p->[1]->append('<p id="c">C</p>');

  # Render
  print $dom;

DESCRIPTION

Mojo::DOM is a minimalistic and relaxed HTML5/XML DOM parser with CSS3 selector support. It will even try to interpret broken XML, so you should not use it for validation.

CASE SENSITIVITY

Mojo::DOM defaults to HTML5 semantics, that means all tags and attributes are lowercased and selectors need to be lowercase as well.

  my $dom = Mojo::DOM->new('<P ID="greeting">Hi!</P>');
  print $dom->at('p')->text;
  print $dom->p->{id};

If XML processing instructions are found, the parser will automatically switch into XML mode and everything becomes case sensitive.

  my $dom = Mojo::DOM->new('<?xml version="1.0"?><P ID="greeting">Hi!</P>');
  print $dom->at('P')->text;
  print $dom->P->{ID};

XML detection can be also deactivated with the xml method.

  # XML sematics
  $dom->xml(1);

  # HTML5 semantics
  $dom->xml(0);

METHODS

Mojo::DOM inherits all methods from Mojo::Base and implements the following new ones.

new

  my $dom = Mojo::DOM->new;
  my $dom = Mojo::DOM->new(xml => 1);
  my $dom = Mojo::DOM->new('<foo bar="baz">test</foo>');
  my $dom = Mojo::DOM->new('<foo bar="baz">test</foo>', xml => 1);

Construct a new Mojo::DOM object.

all_text

  my $trimmed   = $dom->all_text;
  my $untrimmed = $dom->all_text(0);

Extract all text content from DOM structure, smart whitespace trimming is activated by default. Note that the trim argument of this method is EXPERIMENTAL and might change without warning!

append

  $dom = $dom->append('<p>Hi!</p>');

Append to element.

  # "<div><h1>A</h1><h2>B</h2></div>"
  $dom->parse('<div><h1>A</h1></div>')->at('h1')->append('<h2>B</h2>');

append_content

  $dom = $dom->append_content('<p>Hi!</p>');

Append to element content.

  # "<div><h1>AB</h1></div>"
  $dom->parse('<div><h1>A</h1></div>')->at('h1')->append_content('B');

at

  my $result = $dom->at('html title');

Find a single element with CSS3 selectors. All selectors from Mojo::DOM::CSS are supported.

attrs

  my $attrs = $dom->attrs;
  my $foo   = $dom->attrs('foo');
  $dom      = $dom->attrs({foo => 'bar'});
  $dom      = $dom->attrs(foo => 'bar');

Element attributes.

  # Direct hash access to attributes is also available
  print $dom->{foo};
  print $dom->div->{id};

charset

  my $charset = $dom->charset;
  $dom        = $dom->charset('UTF-8');

Charset used for decoding and encoding HTML5/XML.

children

  my $collection = $dom->children;
  my $collection = $dom->children('div')

Return a Mojo::Collection object containing the children of this element, similar to find.

  # Child elements are also automatically available as object methods
  print $dom->div->text;
  print $dom->div->[23]->text;
  $dom->div->each(sub { print $_->text });

content_xml

  my $xml = $dom->content_xml;

Render content of this element to XML.

find

  my $collection = $dom->find('html title');

Find elements with CSS3 selectors and return a Mojo::Collection object. All selectors from Mojo::DOM::CSS are supported.

  # Find a specific element and extract information
  my $id = $dom->find('div')->[23]->{id};

  # Extract information from multiple elements
  my @headers = $dom->find('h1, h2, h3')->map(sub { shift->text })->each;

namespace

  my $namespace = $dom->namespace;

Find element namespace.

parent

  my $parent = $dom->parent;

Parent of element.

parse

  $dom = $dom->parse('<foo bar="baz">test</foo>');

Parse HTML5/XML document with Mojo::DOM::HTML.

prepend

  $dom = $dom->prepend('<p>Hi!</p>');

Prepend to element.

  # "<div><h1>A</h1><h2>B</h2></div>"
  $dom->parse('<div><h2>B</h2></div>')->at('h2')->prepend('<h1>A</h1>');

prepend_content

  $dom = $dom->prepend_content('<p>Hi!</p>');

Prepend to element content.

  # "<div><h2>AB</h2></div>"
  $dom->parse('<div><h2>B</h2></div>')->at('h2')->prepend_content('A');

replace

  $dom = $dom->replace('<div>test</div>');

Replace elements.

  # "<div><h2>B</h2></div>"
  $dom->parse('<div><h1>A</h1></div>')->at('h1')->replace('<h2>B</h2>');

replace_content

  $dom = $dom->replace_content('test');

Replace element content.

  # "<div><h1>B</h1></div>"
  $dom->parse('<div><h1>A</h1></div>')->at('h1')->replace_content('B');

root

  my $root = $dom->root;

Find root node.

text

  my $trimmed   = $dom->text;
  my $untrimmed = $dom->text(0);

Extract text content from element only (not including child elements), smart whitespace trimming is activated by default. Note that the trim argument of this method is EXPERIMENTAL and might change without warning!

to_xml

  my $xml = $dom->to_xml;

Render DOM to XML.

tree

  my $tree = $dom->tree;
  $dom     = $dom->tree(['root', ['text', 'lalala']]);

Document Object Model.

type

  my $type = $dom->type;
  $dom     = $dom->type('html');

Element type.

xml

  my $xml = $dom->xml;
  $dom    = $dom->xml(1);

Disable HTML5 semantics in parser and activate case sensitivity, defaults to auto detection based on processing instructions. Note that this method is EXPERIMENTAL and might change without warning!

SEE ALSO

Mojolicious, Mojolicious::Guides, http://mojolicio.us.