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Michael Stepanov

NAME

IMDB::Film - OO Perl interface to the movies database IMDB.

VERSION

IMDB::Film 0.19

SYNOPSIS

        use IMDB::Film;
        
        #
        # Retrieve a movie information by its IMDB code
        #
        my $imdbObj = new IMDB::Film(crit => 227445);

        or
        
        #
        # Retrieve a movie information by its title
        #
        my $imdbObj = new IMDB::Film(crit => 'Troy');

        or

        #
        # Parse already stored HTML page from IMDB
        #
        my $imdbObj = new IMDB::Film(crit => 'troy.html');

        if($imdbObj->status) {
                print "Title: ".$imdbObj->title()."\n";
                print "Year: ".$imdbObj->year()."\n";
                print "Plot Symmary: ".$imdbObj->plot()."\n";
        } else {
                print "Something wrong: ".$imdbObj->error;
        }

DESCRIPTION

Overview

IMDB::Film is an object-oriented interface to the IMDB. You can use that module to retrieve information about film: title, year, plot etc.

Constructor

new()

Object's constructor. You should pass as parameter movie title or IMDB code.

        my $imdb = new IMDB::Film(crit => <some code>);

or

        my $imdb = new IMDB::Film(crit => <some title>);

or my $imdb = new IMDB::Film(crit => <HTML file>);

For more infomation about base methods refer to IMDB::BaseClass.

_init()

Initialize object.

Options

proxy

defines proxy server name and port:

        proxy => 'http://proxy.myhost.com:80'

By default object tries to get proxy from environment

debug

switches on debug mode to display useful debug messages. Can be 0 or 1 (0 by default)

cache

indicates use cache or not to store retrieved page content. Can be 0 or 1 (0 by default)

cache_root

specifies a directory to store cache data. By default it use /tmp/FileCache for *NIX OS

cache_exp

specifies an expiration time for cache. By default, it's 1 hour

timeout

specifies a timeout for HTTP connection in seconds (10 sec by default)

user_agent

specifies an user agent for request ('Mozilla/5.0' by default)

full_plot_url

specifies a full plot url for specified movie

host

specifies a host name for IMDB site. By default it's www.imdb.com

query

specifies a query string to get specified movie by its ID. By defualt it's 'title/tt'

specifies query string to make a search movie by its title. By default it's 'find?tt=on;mx=20;q='

Example:

        my $imdb = new IMDB::Film(      crit            => 'Troy',
                                                                user_agent      => 'Opera/8.x',
                                                                timeout         => 2,
                                                                debug           => 1,
                                                                cache           => 1,
                                                                cache_root      => '/tmp/imdb_cache',
                                                                cache_exp       => '1 d',
                                                        );

It'll create an object with critery 'Troy', user agent 'Opera', timeout 2 seconds, debug mode on, using cache with directory '/tmp/imdb_cache' and expiration time in 1 day.

Object Private Methods

_search_film()

Implemets functionality to search film by name.

_get_simple_prop()

Retrieve a simple movie property which surrownded by <B>.

Object Public Methods

status()

Indicates a status of IMDB object:

0 - empty object; 1 - loaded from file; 2 - loaded from internet request; 3 - loaded from cache.

status_descr()

Return a description for IMDB object status. Can be 'Empty', 'Filed', 'Fresh' and 'Cached':

        if($film->status) {
                print "This is a " . $film->status_descr . " object!";
        } else {
                die "Cannot retrieve IMDB object!";
        }
title()

Retrieve film title from film page. If was got search page instead of film page this method calls method _search_film to get list matched films and continue to process first one:

        my $title = $film->title();
year()

Get film year:

        my $year = $film->year();
cover()

Retrieve url of film cover:

        my $cover = $film->cover();
directors()

Retrieve film directors list each element of which is hash reference - { id => <ID>, name => <Name> }:

        my @directors = @{ $film->directors() };
        
writers()

Retrieve film writers list each element of which is hash reference - { id => <ID>, name => <Name> }:

        my @writers = @{ $film->writers() };

<I>Note: this method returns Writing credits from movie main page. It maybe not contain a full list!</I>

genres()

Retrieve film genres list:

        my @genres = @{ $film->genres() };
tagline()

Retrieve film tagline:

        my $tagline = $film->tagline();
plot()

Retrieve film plot summary:

        my $plot = $film->plot();
rating()

In scalar context returns film user rating, in array context returns film rating and number of votes:

        my $rating = $film->rating();

        or

        my($rating, $vnum) = $film->rating();
        print "RATING: $rating ($vnum votes )";
cast()

Retrieve film cast list each element of which is hash reference - { id => <ID>, name => <Full Name>, role => <Role> }:

        my @cast = @{ $film->cast() };

<I> Note: this method retrieves a cast list first billed only! </I>

duration()

Retrieve film duration in minutes:

        my $duration = $film->duration();
country()

Retrieve film produced countries list:

        my @countries = $film->country();
language()

Retrieve film languages list:

        my @languages = $film->language();
also_known_as()

Retrieve AKA information as array, each element of which is string:

        my $aka = $film->also_known_as();

        print map { "$_\n" } @$aka;
trivia()

Retrieve a movie trivia:

        my $trivia = $film->trivia();
goofs()

Retrieve a movie goofs:

        my $goofs = $film->goofs();
awards()

Retrieve a general information about movie awards like 1 win & 1 nomination:

        my $awards = $film->awards();
summary()

Retrieve film user summary:

        my $descr = $film->summary();
        
certifications()

Retrieve list of film certifications each element of which is hash reference - { country => certificate }:

        my @cert = $film->certifications();
full_plot

Return full movie plot.

        my $full_plot = $film->full_plot();

Class Variables

%FIELDS

Contains list all object's properties. See description of pragma fields.

@FILM_CERT

Matches USA film certification notation and age.

EXPORTS

Nothing

HOWTO CACTH EXCEPTIONS

If it's needed to get information from IMDB for a list of movies in some case it can be returned critical error:

        [CRITICAL] Cannot retrieve page: 500 Can't read entity body ...

To catch an exception can be used eval:

        for my $search_crit ("search_crit1", "search_crit2", ..., "search_critN") {
        my $ret;
        eval {
                $ret = new IMDB::Film(crit => "$search_crit") || print "UNKNOWN ERROR\n";
        };

        if($@) {
                # Opsssss! We got an exception!
                print "EXCEPTION: $@!";
                next;
        }
        }

BUGS

Please, send me any found bugs by email: stepanov.michael@gmail.com or create a bug report: http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/Bugs.html?Dist=IMDB-Film

SEE ALSO

IMDB::Persons IMDB::BaseClass WWW::Yahoo::Movies IMDB::Movie HTML::TokeParser

AUTHOR

Michael Stepanov (stepanov.michael@gmail.com)

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2004 - 2005, Michael Stepanov. All Rights Reserved. This module is free software. It may be used, redistributed and/or modified under the same terms as Perl itself.