++ed by:
CHANKEY MARKSTOS KES MISHIN EMAZEP

17 PAUSE users
23 non-PAUSE users.

George S. Baugh
and 46 contributors

NAME

Selenium::ActionChains - Action chains for Selenium::Remote::Driver

VERSION

version 1.36

SYNOPSIS

    use Selenium::Remote::Driver;
    use Selenium::ActionChains;

    my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new;
    my $action_chains = Selenium::ActionChains->new(driver => $driver);

    $driver->get("http://www.some.web/site");
    my $elt_1 = $driver->find_element("//*[\@id='someid']");
    my $elt_2 = $driver->find_element("//*[\@id='someotherid']");
    $action_chains->send_keys_to_element($elt_1)->click($elt_2)->perform;

DESCRIPTION

This module implements ActionChains for Selenium, which is a way of automating low level interactions like mouse movements, mouse button actions , key presses and context menu interactions. The code was inspired by the Python implementation.

DRAG AND DROP IS NOT WORKING !

The implementation contains a drag_and_drop function, but due to Selenium limitations, it is not working.

Nevertheless, we decided to implement the function, because eventually one day it will work.

In the meantime, there are workarounds that can be used to simulate drag and drop, like this StackOverflow post.

FUNCTIONS

new

Creates a new ActionChains object. Requires a Selenium::Remote::Driver as a mandatory parameter:

    my $driver = Selenium::Remote::Driver->new;
    my $action_chains = Selenium::ActionChains->new(driver => $driver);

perform

Performs all the actions stored in the ActionChains object in the order they were called:

    Args: None

    Usage:
        my $action_chains = Selenium::ActionChains->new(driver => $driver);
        # assuming that $some_element and $other_element are valid
        # Selenium::Remote::WebElement objects
        $action_chains->click($some_element);
        $action_chains->move_to_element($other_element);
        $action_chains->click($other_element);
        # click some_element, move to other_element, then click other_element
        $action_chains->perform;

click

Clicks an element. If none specified, clicks on current mouse position.

    Args: A Selenium::Remote::WebElement object

    Usage:
        my $element = $driver->find_element("//div[\@id='some_id']");
        $action_chains->click($element);

click_and_hold

Holds down the left mouse button on an element. If none specified, clicks on current mouse position.

    Args: A Selenium::Remote::WebElement object

    Usage:
        my $element = $driver->find_element("//div[\@id='some_id']");
        $action_chains->click_and_hold($element);

context_click

Right clicks an element. If none specified, right clicks on current mouse position.

    Args: A Selenium::Remote::WebElement object

    Usage:
        my $element = $driver->find_element("//div[\@id='some_id']");
        $action_chains->context_click($element);

double_click

Double clicks an element. If none specified, double clicks on current mouse position.

    Args: A Selenium::Remote::WebElement object

    Usage:
        my $element = $driver->find_element("//div[\@id='some_id']");
        $action_chains->double_click($element);

drag_and_drop - NOT WORKING

Holds down the left mouse button on the source element, then moves to the target element and releases the mouse button. IT IS NOT WORKING DUE TO CURRENT SELENIUM LIMITATIONS.

    Args:
       A source Selenium::Remote::WebElement object
       A target Selenium::Remote::WebElement object

    Usage:
        my $src_element = $driver->find_element("//*[\@class='foo']");
        my $tgt_element = $driver->find_element("//*[\@class='bar']");
        $action_chains->drag_and_drop($src_element,$tgt_element);

drag_and_drop_by_offset - NOT WORKING

Holds down the left mouse button on the source element, then moves to the offset specified and releases the mouse button. IT IS NOT WORKING DUE TO CURRENT SELENIUM LIMITATIONS.

    Args:
       A source Selenium::Remote::WebElement object
       An integer X offset
       An integer Y offset

    Usage:
        my $src_element = $driver->find_element("//*[\@class='foo']");
        my $xoffset = 10;
        my $yoffset = 10;
        $action_chains->drag_and_drop($src_element,$xoffset,$yoffset);

key_down

Sends key presses only, without releasing them. Should be used only with modifier keys (Control, Alt, Shift)

    Args:
        An array ref to keys to send. Use the KEY constant from Selenium::Remote::WDKeys
        The element to send keys to. If none, sends keys to the current focused element

    Usage:
        use Selenium::Remote::WDKeys 'KEYS';
        $action_chains->key_down( [ KEYS->{'alt'} ] );

key_up

Releases a mofifier key.

    Args:
        An array ref to keys to send. Use the KEY constant from Selenium::Remote::WDKeys
        The element to send keys to. If none, sends keys to the current focused element

    Usage:
        use Selenium::Remote::WDKeys 'KEYS';
        my $element = $driver->find_element('foo','id');
        $action_chains->key_up( [ KEYS->{'alt'} ],$element);

move_by_offset

Moves the mouse to an offset from current mouse position.

    Args:
        An integer X offset
        An integer Y offset

    Usage:
        $action_chains->move_by_offset(10,100);

move_to_element

Moves the mouse to the middle of an element

    Args:
        A Selenium::Remote::WebElement to move to

    Usage:
        my $element = $driver->find_element('foo','id');
        $action_chains->move_to_element($element);

move_to_element_with_offset

Moves the mouse by an offset of the specified element. Offsets are relative to the top-left corner of the element

    Args:
        A Selenium::Remote::WebElement
        An integer X offset
        An integer Y offset

    Usage:
        my $element = $driver->find_element('foo','id');
        $action_chains->move_to_element_with_offset($element,10,10);

release

Releases a held mouse_button

    Args:
        A Selenium::Remote::WebElement, the element to mouse up

    Usage:
        my $element = $driver->find_element('foo','id');
        $action_chains->release($element);

send_keys

Sends keys to the currently focused element

    Args:
        The keys to send

    Usage:
        $action_chains->send_keys('abcd');

send_keys_to_element

Sends keys to an element

    Args:
        A Selenium::Remote::WebElement
        The keys to send

    Usage:
        my $element = $driver->find_element('foo','id');
        $action_chains->send_keys_to_element($element,'abcd');

SEE ALSO

Please see those modules/websites for more information related to this module.

BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website https://github.com/teodesian/Selenium-Remote-Driver/issues

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.

AUTHORS

Current Maintainers:

  • Daniel Gempesaw <gempesaw@gmail.com>

  • Emmanuel Peroumalnaïk <peroumalnaik.emmanuel@gmail.com>

Previous maintainers:

  • Luke Closs <cpan@5thplane.com>

  • Mark Stosberg <mark@stosberg.com>

Original authors:

  • Aditya Ivaturi <ivaturi@gmail.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright (c) 2010-2011 Aditya Ivaturi, Gordon Child

Copyright (c) 2014-2017 Daniel Gempesaw

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.