NAME

YAML::PP::Schema::Perl - Schema for serializing perl objects and special types

SYNOPSIS

    use YAML::PP;
    # This can be dangerous when loading untrusted YAML!
    my $yp = YAML::PP->new( schema => [qw/ JSON Perl /] );
    # or
    my $yp = YAML::PP->new( schema => [qw/ Core Perl /] );
    my $yaml = $yp->dump_string(sub { return 23 });

    # loading code references
    # This is very dangerous when loading untrusted YAML!!
    my $yp = YAML::PP->new( schema => [qw/ JSON Perl +loadcode /] );
    my $code = $yp->load_string(<<'EOM');
    --- !perl/code |
        {
            use 5.010;
            my ($name) = @_;
            say "Hello $name!";
        }
    EOM
    $code->("Ingy");

DESCRIPTION

This schema allows you to load and dump perl objects and special types.

Please note that loading objects of arbitrary classes can be dangerous in Perl. You have to load the modules yourself, but if an exploitable module is loaded and an object is created, its DESTROY method will be called when the object falls out of scope. File::Temp is an example that can be exploitable and might remove arbitrary files.

Typeglobs are not implemented yet. Dumping code references is on by default, but not loading (because that is easily exploitable since it's using string eval).

Tag Styles

You can define the style of tags you want to support:

    my $yp_perl_two_one = YAML::PP->new(
        schema => [qw/ JSON Perl tags=!!perl+!perl /],
    );
!perl (default)

Only !perl/type tags are supported.

!!perl

Only !!perl/type tags are supported.

!perl+!!perl

Both !perl/type and !!perl/tag are supported when loading. When dumping, !perl/type is used.

!!perl+!perl

Both !perl/type and !!perl/tag are supported when loading. When dumping, !!perl/type is used.

YAML.pm, YAML::Syck and YAML::XS are using !!perl/type when dumping.

YAML.pm and YAML::Syck are supporting both !perl/type and !!perl/type when loading. YAML::XS currently only supports the latter.

Allow only certain classes

Since v0.017

Blessing arbitrary objects can be dangerous. Maybe you want to allow blessing only specific classes and ignore others. For this you have to instantiate a Perl Schema object first and use the classes option.

Currently it only allows a list of strings:

    my $perl = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->new(
        classes => ['Foo', 'Bar'],
    );
    my $yp = YAML::PP::Perl->new(
        schema => [qw/ JSON /, $perl],
    );

Allowed classes will be loaded and dumped as usual. The others will be ignored.

If you want to allow no objects at all, pass an empty array ref.

EXAMPLES

This is a list of the currently supported types and how they are dumped into YAML:

array
        # Code
        [
            qw/ one two three four /
        ]


        # YAML
        ---
        - one
        - two
        - three
        - four
array_blessed
        # Code
        bless [
            qw/ one two three four /
        ], "Just::An::Arrayref"


        # YAML
        --- !perl/array:Just::An::Arrayref
        - one
        - two
        - three
        - four
circular
        # Code
        my $circle = bless [ 1, 2 ], 'Circle';
        push @$circle, $circle;
        $circle;


        # YAML
        --- &1 !perl/array:Circle
        - 1
        - 2
        - *1
coderef
        # Code
        sub {
            my (%args) = @_;
            return $args{x} + $args{y};
        }


        # YAML
        --- !perl/code |-
          {
              use warnings;
              use strict;
              (my(%args) = @_);
              (return ($args{'x'} + $args{'y'}));
          }
coderef_blessed
        # Code
        bless sub {
            my (%args) = @_;
            return $args{x} - $args{y};
        }, "I::Am::Code"


        # YAML
        --- !perl/code:I::Am::Code |-
          {
              use warnings;
              use strict;
              (my(%args) = @_);
              (return ($args{'x'} - $args{'y'}));
          }
hash
        # Code
        {
            U => 2,
            B => 52,
        }


        # YAML
        ---
        B: 52
        U: 2
hash_blessed
        # Code
        bless {
            U => 2,
            B => 52,
        }, 'A::Very::Exclusive::Class'


        # YAML
        --- !perl/hash:A::Very::Exclusive::Class
        B: 52
        U: 2
refref
        # Code
        my $ref = { a => 'hash' };
        my $refref = \$ref;
        $refref;


        # YAML
        --- !perl/ref
        =:
          a: hash
refref_blessed
        # Code
        my $ref = { a => 'hash' };
        my $refref = bless \$ref, 'Foo';
        $refref;


        # YAML
        --- !perl/ref:Foo
        =:
          a: hash
regexp
        # Code
        my $string = 'unblessed';
        utf8::upgrade($string);
        qr{$string}


        # YAML
        --- !perl/regexp unblessed
regexp_blessed
        # Code
        my $string = 'blessed';
        utf8::upgrade($string);
        bless qr{$string}, "Foo"


        # YAML
        --- !perl/regexp:Foo blessed
scalarref
        # Code
        my $scalar = "some string";
        my $scalarref = \$scalar;
        $scalarref;


        # YAML
        --- !perl/scalar
        =: some string
scalarref_blessed
        # Code
        my $scalar = "some other string";
        my $scalarref = bless \$scalar, 'Foo';
        $scalarref;


        # YAML
        --- !perl/scalar:Foo
        =: some other string

METHODS

new
    my $perl = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->new(
        tags => "!perl",
        classes => ['MyClass'],
        loadcode => 1,
    );

The constructor recognizes the following options:

tags

Default: '!perl'

See "Tag Styles"

classes

Default: undef

Since: v0.017

Accepts an array ref of class names

loadcode

Default: 0

register

A class method called by YAML::PP::Schema

construct_ref, represent_ref

Perl variables of the type REF are represented in yaml like this:

    --- !perl/ref
    =:
      a: 1

construct_ref returns the perl data:

    my $data = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->construct_ref([ '=', { some => 'data' } );
    my $data = \{ a => 1 };

represent_ref turns a REF variable into a YAML mapping:

    my $data = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->represent_ref(\{ a => 1 });
    my $data = { '=' => { a => 1 } };
construct_scalar, represent_scalar

Perl variables of the type SCALAR are represented in yaml like this:

    --- !perl/scalar
    =: string

construct_scalar returns the perl data:

    my $data = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->construct_ref([ '=', 'string' );
    my $data = \'string';

represent_scalar turns a SCALAR variable into a YAML mapping:

    my $data = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->represent_scalar(\'string');
    my $data = { '=' => 'string' };
construct_regex, represent_regex

construct_regex returns a qr{} object from the YAML string:

    my $qr = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->construct_regex('foo.*');

represent_regex returns a string representing the regex object:

    my $string = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->represent_regex(qr{...});
evaluate_code, represent_code

evaluate_code returns a code reference from a string. The string must start with a { and end with a }.

    my $code = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->evaluate_code('{ return 23 }');

represent_code returns a string representation of the code reference with the help of B::Deparse:

    my $string = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->represent_code(sub { return 23 });
object

Does the same as bless:

    my $object = YAML::PP::Schema::Perl->object($data, $class);